A ship 's knot or seaman's knot (seaman's knot, sailing knot) refers to knots that are of particular importance for the operation of ships. The "tying" of such knots is an essential part of the training of seafarers and sport boaters. The aim of knot science is to master a set of reliable knots that on the one hand hold securely, on the other hand can be loosened again, even if they have been under heavy load or have become wet (and if they have swelled up due to the wetness are harder to loosen). They should also be quick and easy to create and check.
The knot board is used for teaching and decorative purposes. Often this is made in the form of a wall board or a wall cabinet made of fine wood with polished metal fittings.
In competitions of the German nautical sports federation in need of discipline "nodes" of time on a frame (node train) of eight knot , the square knot , the simple bowline , the rolling hitch , the overhand knot with draw-loop , the clove hitch , the Zimmermannsstek , the anchor bend , the Rundtörn with two half Beats and the double Schotstek are made.
Terms from knot science
- They say “leash” and “ rope ” instead of rope .
- “End” is a short piece of line.
- The term “ rope ” refers to the loose end of the line (colloquially the entire line).
- A “ bay ” is the U-shaped course of a line, a loop.
- An " eye " refers to a bay whose ends cross each other.
- A “ round trip ” is simply wrapped around an object.
- A “ half twist ” is called a loop around another rope or object that has a simple intersection.
- “Beat” is a full wrap, correspondingly “one and a half beat”, “two beats” etc. are mentioned.
- "Stek" (sometimes also "Stitch") is anything that is only stable in combination with other objects (e.g. weaving line , stopper ).
- A "knot", on the other hand, is anything that is inherently stable (e.g. eight knots , diamond knots ). The (“standing”) bowline is therefore systematically incorrectly referred to as “stek” and should be correctly called “pile knot ”.
- The knot on a cleat is called “occupying” . Part of the "covering a cleat" are "regular beat" and "head blow".
Knot for the sailing license
The most important knots are also required for examinations for the sailing license:
(thrown or tucked / also on slip)
Examples of boatmen knots
The most well-known and essential types of knots and sticks and some of their representatives are listed below:
- Knots for throwing purposes and for securing
- Knots for connection and fastening purposes
- Decorative knot
- Splicing and other rope techniques
- Clifford W. Ashley : The Ashley Book of Knots . Over 3800 knots. How they look like. What they are used for. How they are made. Edition Maritim, Hamburg 2005, ISBN 3-89225-527-X (special edition).
- Sports boat license. German Sailing Association, accessed on July 30, 2019 .