Sera Key

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Sera Key , actually Juvenal Maria de Fátima Inácio († 1979 in Uato-Lari , East Timor (uncertain)), was an East Timorese freedom fighter and left-wing activist.


Sere Key comes from today's municipality of Viqueque . He belonged to the central committee of the left-wing independence movement FRETILIN (CCF).

After the civil war , in which FRETILIN was able to prevail against the UDT , the Portuguese colonial administration had withdrawn. After FRETILIN had prevailed against the UDT at the end of August 1975 and the Portuguese governor refused to return to Dili, FRETILIN built up its own structures. José Gonçalves took over the leadership of the Commission for Economic Management and Supervision from October 11th, together with Sera Key and Domingos da Costa Ribeiro .

As the neighboring country Indonesia began to invade the border areas, FRETILIN proclaimed independence on November 28, 1975 in the capital Dili , in the hope of receiving international support. Sera Key, who was in the border area fighting the Indonesians on the day of the ceremony, was appointed Minister of Finance for the East Timorese government on November 30th . But on December 7th, Indonesia began an open invasion. Indonesian troops landed in Dili and gradually occupied the country. In 1976 East Timor was officially incorporated into Indonesia, but it was never recognized internationally. Sera Key was in the defensive fight against the Indonesian political commissioner of the resistance sector Ponta Leste, which initially consisted of Lautém . In mid-1977, at a conference of the CCF Ponta Leste, the municipalities of Baucau and Viqueque were added to the east . The western border of the Sera Key area of ​​responsibility was now the road between Baucau and Viqueque , which was under the control of the Indonesians.

In 1976 Sera Key got into an argument with the FRETILIN fighter Francisco Ruas Hornay , who led a small fighting force in Lautém. Eventually there was an armed conflict. Hornay and several of his men were captured, tortured, and ultimately murdered by Sera Key and his subordinates in late 1976. Sery Key later emphasized that revolutionary violence was necessary and began looking for alleged counterrevolutionaries in FRETILIN in 1977. Xanana Gusmão , the subordinate FRETILIN head of Ponta Leste, openly contradicted him, saying that members of the CCF should not be involved in torture. Sera Key then relented a little and enabled Gusmão to investigate and release prisoners.

In February 1979 the FRETILIN was on the verge of destruction. Of the former 52 members of the CCF, only Sera Key, Xanana Gusmão, Txai and Mau'huno , deputy secretary of the regional command east , were still alive . In April Sera Key and his wife went to the central sector to track down any remaining resistance groups. Shortly thereafter, both were captured by the Indonesians. According to Indonesian soldiers, Sera Key was brought to Dili by helicopter and thrown into the sea. Taur Matan Ruak , who was captured with Sera Key but managed to escape, later told the Reception, Truth and Reconciliation Commission of East Timor (CAVR) that, according to his own research, Sera Key had been murdered by the Indonesians in Uatu-Lari been.

supporting documents

Individual evidence

  1. ^ "Chega!" - Report of the CAVR, Chapter 7.2, pp. 114–115.
  2. a b "Chega!" - Report of the CAVR, Part 5, p. 5.
  3. Rodney Stafford Nixon: Integrating Indigenous Approaches into a 'New Subsistence State': The Case of Justice and Conflict Resolution in East Timor , A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Bachelor of Social Science, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology Master of Arts, University of Melbourne, February 2008 , accessed May 13, 2020.
  4. "Chega!" - Report of the CAVR, Part 3, p. 55.
  5. James J. Fox: FRETILIN (Frente Revolucionária do Timor-Leste Independente). In: Southeast Asia. A Historical Encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor. Abc-Clio, 2005, ISBN 1-57607-770-5 , pp. 522-523.
  6. ^ "Chega!" - Report of the CAVR, Chapter 7.2, p. 127.
  7. ^ "Chega!" - Report of the CAVR, Chapter 7.6, p. 67ff.
  8. "Chega!" - Report of the CAVR, Part 5, p. 20.
  9. Ben Kiernan, p. 127.
  10. Ben Kiernan, p. 129.
  11. “Chega!” - Report of the CAVR, Chapter 7.2, pp. 75–76, 118.