Silberbach (Schlemabach)

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The Silberbach below the Silberbachstauweiher

The Silberbach below the Silberbachstauweiher

Water code DE : 541346
location Saxony
River system Elbe
Drain over Schlemabach  → Zwickauer Mulde  → Mulde  → Elbe  → North Sea
origin north of Schneeberg
50 ° 37 ′ 20 ″  N , 12 ° 37 ′ 55 ″  E
Source height about  503  m above sea level NN
muzzle at the Bad Schlema spa gardens in Schlemabach Coordinates: 50 ° 36 '14 "  N , 12 ° 39' 42"  E 50 ° 36 '14 "  N , 12 ° 39' 42"  E
Mouth height about  370  m above sea level NN
Height difference about 133 m
Bottom slope about 43 ‰
length 3.1 km
Catchment area 4.7 km²

The Silberbach is a 3 km long left tributary of the Schlemabach in the Saxon Ore Mountains .


The stream rises about 1 km north of the Schneeberg locality and flows largely parallel to the Red Ridge from northwest to southeast. In the upper section it forms the border of the Wildbach and Schneeberg districts. After about 1.5 km it is dammed by the Silberbachteich (also Silberbachstauweiher ). After another 1.5 km it joins the Schlemabach north of the spa park.


The Silberbachstauweiher was dammed around 1950 as a process water pond for the Wismut

In the course of the uranium mining of the SAG / SDAG Wismut , which began after 1946 in the area of ​​the Oberschlema radium bath , they quickly found what they were looking for in the Silberbachtal. In 1949 shafts 256 and 280 (Stalin shaft) were sunk right next to the Silberbach. The heaps of shafts 27 and 311 soon reached right up to the stream. Around 1950 the Silberbachtal was sealed off with an embankment to the storage pond at the heap of shaft 311 holding water to provide for the pits.

As with the Schlemabach, some of the water from the Silberbach seeped into the mine workings , so that it had to be guided in wooden floods .

In the 1970s, waterproofing of the stream bed began. Since mining in this area came to a standstill around 1958, no remedial work was initially possible after the fall of the Wall, as, according to the Wismut Act, remedial funds were only made available for the mines still in operation in 1990. However, the responsible states, municipalities and landowners did not have the financial means. Only after 2001 did the federal government make funds available. Starting in 2006, the state dam administration of Saxony developed a rehabilitation concept, the renaturation and sealing of which was completed in 2010. A campsite was created on the lower reaches.

The Silberbachtal is included in the "Mining and Rehabilitation Trail" with several stations.

Since 1928 the Oberschlema nature theater existed about halfway .


  • Wismut GmbH (Hrsg.): Chronicle of WISMUT . Chemnitz 2002.

See also

Web links

Commons : Silberbach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Refurbishment of Halde 280 in Bad Schlema started, March 29, 2006 , accessed on October 20, 2016
  2. Renovation of old Wismut sites in Saxony since 2003 , accessed on October 20, 2016
  3. ^ Update of the Bad Schlema health resort development plan, March 2016, p. 78 f. (PDF; 4.9 MB)
  4. An educational trail through the history of bismuth , accessed on October 20, 2016
  5. Willi Sprengel (May 10, 1902 - September 24, 1979) A deserving cultural pioneer in Schneeberg (PDF; 56 kB)