Sir William Tyrone Guthrie (born July 2, 1900 in Tunbridge Wells , Kent , England , † May 15, 1971 in Newbliss , County Monaghan , Ireland ) was one of the most important theater directors and theater directors of the 20th century.
Tyrone Guthrie was born as the son of Dr. Thomas Guthrie and Norah Power were born. His sister Susan Margaret married his close friend Hubert Butler, who first translated important texts for Guthrie's production of Anton Chekhov's Cherry Orchard into English in 1934. He studied at Oxford University , where he was actively involved in student theater and worked for one season at the newly built Oxford Playhouse . In 1924 Guthrie joined the BBC in Belfast as a broadcaster and began producing pieces for the radio. Temporarily staged for the Scottish National Players for a year before returning to the BBC to become one of the earliest theater radio play writers.
His career as a famous theater director began in Glasgow (1926–1928), Cambridge (1929–1930) and from 1931 in London . As director and director of London's Old Vic and Sadler's Wells Theaters , he developed a particular interest in Shakespeare's dramas and opera . In the 1940s he began to direct operas under critical acclaim, including a realistic Carmen at Sadler's Wells Theater and the Metropolitan Opera in New York City . From 1953 he headed the newly founded Festival Theater, in a four-year Canadian Stratford , which had a direction-giving influence on the development of the theater scene in Canada. During this time he also worked on the documentary short film The Stratford Adventure from 1954. In 1956, he won the Tony Award for Best Director for Thornton Wilder's The Matchmaker . In 1961 he was beaten by the British Queen Elizabeth II to the Knight Bachelor . In 1963 he founded the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis , based on the model of the Stratford theater.
In the foreword to his biography, James Forsyth wrote : "He finally came to the justifiable claim for the title of the most important English theater director of his time." Guthrie returned in his later years with his wife from England to the Irish home, where he as Child had spent his vacation. He died at his home in Newbliss, Ireland in 1971 at the age of 70. After his death in 1971, he left his house to the Irish state on condition that the buildings be turned into an artists' center, the Tyrone Guthrie Center near Newbliss, two and a half hours north of Dublin by car . The center opened in 1981.
- Theater Prospect , 1932.
- A New Theater , 1963.
- Tyrone Guthrie on Acting , 1971. ISBN 028970085X
- In Various Directions , 1979 (New Edition). ISBN 0313212244
- Life in the Theater , 1987 (New Edition). ISBN 0862873819
- Alfred Rossi: Astonish Us in the Morning: Tyrone Guthrie Remembered , 1981 ISBN 0814316697
- James Forsyth: Tyrone Guthrie: A biography 1976 ISBN 0241894719
- Tyrone Guthrie Center
- Guthrie Theater
- Stratford Festival
- Tyrone Guthrie in the Internet Movie Database (English)
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Guthrie, Sir William Tyrone (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||English theater director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 2, 1900|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Tunbridge Wells , Kent , England , United Kingdom|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 15, 1971|
|Place of death||Newbliss , County Monaghan , Ireland|