Vice Cathedral Office Aschaffenburg

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The Vitztumamt Aschaffenburg or Vizedomamt Aschaffenburg was an administrative unit in Kurmainz with its seat in Aschaffenburg . The Vizedom of Aschaffenburg stood at the head of this administrative area .


The office of the Vizedom had historically been a court office . Since the tenure of Adalbert I of Saarbrücken , i.e. from around 1120, it had become a territorial office. A Vizedom of Aschaffenburg was first documented in 1122. The Vizedomamt Aschaffenburg was the organizational form of the Kurmainzer rule over the area around Main, Tauber, Spessart and Odenwald that developed in the 13th and 14th centuries. Kurmainz had acquired local rulership rights in this area since Carolingian times. In an effort to consolidate the rulership, there were conflicts in particular with the Counts of Rieneck , who had accumulated extensive property in this area. The long-lasting conflict that lasted until 1271 was ultimately decided in favor of Kurmainz. As a result, Hanau was the archbishop's main competitor in this area.

In addition to these major competitors, there were a number of local claims and rights that Mainz was able to acquire step by step. The Archbishop's Jurisdictional Book of 1576 under Archbishop Brendel von Homburg described the full sovereign power. The result was a largely uniform area in terms of rule, but still interspersed with a number of predominantly aristocratic islands.

The largest of these was owned by the Echter von Mespelbrunn or, after their extinction, the Count of Ingelheim . The Himmelthal and Schmerlenbach convents also had sovereign rights .

Until 1669 there was a chamber district in the Vizedomamt. The cellar of the Vizedomamt Aschaffenburg was first mentioned in 1322. In 1669 a Bachgau winery was established for Kleinostheim , Mainaschaff and Dettingen . In 1686 the Oberkellerei Aschaffenburg established a winery for Heimbuchenthal and Rothenbuch .

With the reform of offices in 1772, the judiciary and the chamber system were separated. A new winery was created in Kaltenberg for this purpose . From 1773 the office of the Vizedom was no longer occupied.

The electoral state ended with the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803. From the Viztumamt Aschaffenburg and the upper offices Klingenberg , Orb and Lohr was Principality Aschaffenburg formed.

Vice cathedral in Aschaffenburg

See also

  • The Electoral Tailoring is also described in the literature as the official seat of the Vizedomamt Aschaffenburg.

Individual evidence

  1. Günter Christ and Georg May: Archbishopric and Archdiocese of Mainz territorial and ecclesiastical structures, Volume 6.2 of the Handbuch der Mainz Kirchengeschichte, 1997, ISBN 3429018773 , p. 113 ff.
  2. This cannot be Eberhard II von Eppstein-Königstein , who died in 1443.
  3. ^ Johann Friedrich Gauhe: Des Heil. Rom. Reichs Genealogisch-Historisches Adels-Lexicon, Zweyter Theil; Entry: Gränrodt, Gränrodt, Grorodt , Leipzig 1740, p. 3092
  4. Stephan Behlen, Joseph Merkel: History and description of Aschaffenburg and the Spessart, 1843, pp. 168–169, online
  5. Chur-Mayntzischer Stands- und Staats-Schematismus: or rather a detailed titular book, sambtlicher des high Ertz-Stifft spiritual and secular, civil and military members, dicasteries, with their sessions, and holidays, senior and senior staff members too Cellar yen ec. each with his Praedicat in ..., 1743, pp. 61–64, online