Wessenberg (noble family)
The first documentary mention of the Lords of Wessenberg goes back to a document from 1029. In it, a baron Hermann von Wessenberg appears as a witness to a fiefdom letter from Abbess Berchta of the Säckingen women's monastery . The Lehensrevers, translated into German by Aegidius Tschudi, ends literally: “... I gave this letter an island / it was given on the 29th day of Merzen / happened in the monastery of Seckingen Anno Domini 1029 in the 12th Zinszal / as Pope Johann the XX. the Apostolisch Kilch ruled / and Keizer Cunrat richsnet / Warmannus ( Warmann von Dillingen ) Bishop to Costenz and Ernst Translucent Duke in Alemannia what; Trains were present: Herman von Wessenberg Fryherr / Rudolff von Bilstein, Arnold von Mandach Edelknecht, and Berchtold / the pastor of Louffenberg and other vil. ” Nothing is further documented about their origin. It is possible that the gentlemen von Wessenberg from the ministerial nobility of the Säckingen monastery were able to work their way up to the baron class and in the course of time were able to acquire possessions and rights that originally belonged to the monastery. This assumption is based mainly on the original possessions of the Lords of Wessenberg, most of which go hand in hand with the possessions of the Damenstift.
The eponymous castle Wessenberg was on the Wessenberg between Mandach and Hottwil in today's canton of Aargau . There is nothing left of this castle today. The castle in Leimental was also part of their property .
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the Lords of Wessenberg shows a black or red bar in silver , two above and a red ball below . On the helmet with red and silver covers a silver bracker hull with the shield image on the ear.
The Lords of Wessenberg had possessions and rights mainly in today's canton of Aargau , namely in the localities of Mandach , Hottwil , Etzwil, Villigen , Bötzberg and Leuggern . In the neighboring county of Hauenstein , too , the Lords of Wessenberg seem to have had possessions at least temporarily, as can be seen from the Habsburg-Austrian toboggan from the period between 1282 and 1300. There it is mentioned that at that time a Hartmann von Wessenberg held the pledge over Birkingen (Berchingen) and Rotzel (Rotzal). Descendants of this sex still live in Austria today.
Well-known representatives of the sex
- Ignaz Heinrich von Wessenberg (1774–1860), German theologian, vicar general of the Diocese of Constance until its dissolution in 1821
- Johann von Wessenberg (1773-1858), Austrian statesman and diplomat, brother of the aforementioned
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Wessenberg, the barons of, genealogy . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 55th part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1887, p. 168 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Aegidius Tschudi: Chronicon Helveticum .
- Siebmacher p. 197
- Wessenberg Academy website