Wilhelm Polligkeit

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Wilhelm Polligkeit (born May 14, 1876 in Langenberg (Rhineland) ; † April 27, 1960 in Frankfurt am Main ) was a German lawyer and is considered the nestor of German welfare and welfare .


Wilhelm Polligkeit, son of a railroad worker, completed an apprenticeship in banking after completing his school career. He then studied law in Bonn and became a member of the Frankonia fraternity there in 1900 . He received his doctorate in 1907. jur. The title of his dissertation "The Child's Right to Education" provided the slogan of the youth welfare movement in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. From 1903 to 1920 Polligkeit was managing director of the Central for Private Welfare , a foundation of the Frankfurt Institute for Common Good , of which he was also managing director for many years. He had a close and friendly working relationship with the patron Wilhelm Merton .

During the First World War he founded the Free Association for War Welfare in 1915.

Polligkeit worked for the German Association for Public and Private Welfare from 1911 on the central committee and from 1918 on the board. From 1920 to 1936 and from 1946 to 1950 he was managing director of the German Association and took over the chairmanship there in personal union from 1922 to 1935 and from 1946 to 1950. From 1946 to 1960 he was a member of the DV main committee. Then he was an honorary member of the German Association. Together with August Jaspert he was involved in running a school camp for Frankfurt children, the Wegscheide Children's Village . Since 1929 he was honorary professor in the law faculty of the University of Frankfurt am Main .

During the National Socialist era , Polligkeit managed to save the existence and work of the Institute for the Common Good at the cost of many, mostly verbal, adaptation efforts. Polligkeit was involved in the Bavarian State Association for Hiking Service and the Sociographic Institute in Frankfurt am Main.

As city councilor and head of the Frankfurt welfare office after the Second World War , he rebuilt the Central Office for Private Welfare (today: Institute for Social Work ).

From 1949 he was involved in the re-establishment of the German Paritätischer Wohlfahrtsverband . Polligkeit was married to Hilde Eiserhardt from 1950 . He was promoted to Dr. rer. pole. appointed hc.



Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b c Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Third Reich , Frankfurt am Main 2007, p. 468.
  2. Willy Nolte (Ed.): Burschenschafter Stammrolle. Directory of the members of the German Burschenschaft according to the status of the summer semester 1934. Berlin 1934. p. 378.
  3. a b c d e German Association for Public and Private Welfare - Exhibition (PDF; 14.8 MB)
  4. http://www.die-wegscheide.de/Inhalt/wegscheide_geschichte.html
  5. ^ Matthias Willing: The Preservation Law (1918-1967). A legal historical study on the history of German welfare. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2003, p. 98