Wolfgang Braunfels

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Wolfgang Braunfels (born October 5, 1911 in Munich , † March 5, 1987 in Krailling ) was a German art historian .


After studying in Cologne , Paris , Florence and Bonn , Wolfgang Braunfels was born in 1938 at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Bonn with a thesis on the rococo decorative artist François de Cuvilliés the Elder. Ä. (François de Cuvilliés. A contribution to the history of artistic relations between Germany and France in the 18th century) . He then went on an extensive research trip to Florence and Siena to prepare for his habilitation. One of the fruits of his stay in Italy was his Little Italian Art History , published in 1939 , which, in the following decades, was partly revised and expanded, and received numerous editions. In 1949 Braunfels completed his habilitation at the University of Cologne and was subsequently a research assistant at the Wallraf-Richartz-Museum . He later worked at the Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule in Aachen. There he was director of the Reiff-Museum collection from 1953 to 1965 . As the successor to Hans Sedlmayr at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, he then worked there as a full professor of art history. In 1978 he retired. Braunfels' main research interests lay in the art of the Carolingian era and in Italian architectural history. At the Charlemagne exhibition . Work and Effect (Aachen 1965) he was significantly involved. During his time in Munich in particular, he devoted himself to the great topics of Western monastery architecture and the history of urbanism ; He dealt with this in the important publication Abendländische Stadtbaukunst . His last major research work was the six-volume standard work The Art in the Holy Roman Empire , which was published between 1979 and 1989 with the participation of employees. The two planned final volumes 7 and 8 could not be published after his death.

Wolfgang Braunfels was the son of the composer Walter Braunfels and grandson of the sculptor Adolf von Hildebrand . He was married to the art historian Sigrid Braunfels-Esche (* 1914) and is the father of Georg Braunfels , Veronika Braunfels-Eissenhauer and Stephan Braunfels , who is well known as an architect.

Fonts (selection)

  • Medieval urban architecture in Tuscany , Berlin 1953.
  • The Holy Trinity , Düsseldorf 1954.
  • Visual arts . In: Handbuch der Wissenschaft und Bildung , Darmstadt 1960.
  • The Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne in Aachen . In: Milestones of European Art , Munich 1965.
  • The Aachen court and its culture and Charlemagne in the image and testimony of contemporaries . In: Charlemagne. Work and effect , for the exhibition in Aachen 1965.
  • The world of the Carolingians and their art , Munich 1968.
  • Western monastery architecture , Cologne 1969.
  • Sulpiz Boisserée (1783-1854) . From: Rheinische Lebensbilder , Volume IV, Düsseldorf 1970.
  • Charlemagne - in self-testimonies and pictorial documents , in the rowohlts monograph series Volume 187, ed. by Kurt Kusenberg, Hamburg 1972.
  • Würzburg , In: Annual and daily reports of the Görres Society , 1973.
  • Occidental urban architecture. Form of rule and structure , Cologne, 1976.
  • (and coworkers :) Art in the Holy Roman Empire, I, The worldly principalities , Munich 1979.
  • (and coworkers :) The art in the Holy Roman Empire, II, The spiritual principalities , Munich 1980.
  • (and employees :) Art in the Holy Roman Empire, III, Imperial Cities, Counties, Imperial Monasteries , Munich 1981.
  • (and employees :) Art in the Holy Roman Empire, IV, border states in the west and south, German and Romanesque culture , Munich 1981.
  • (and employees :) Art in the Holy Roman Empire, V, Border States in the East and North, German and Slavic Culture , Munich 1985.
  • (and employees :) Art in the Holy Roman Empire, VI, The work of the emperors, bishops, abbots and their artists 750 - 1250 , Munich 1989.
  • no longer published: The Art of the Holy Roman Empire, VII, 1250-1500 (unfinished manuscript in the estate)
  • no longer published: The Art of the Holy Roman Empire, VIII, 1500-1800 (unfinished manuscript in the estate)
  • Revised new edition: History of the Art of Italy . DuMont, Cologne 2005, ISBN 3-8321-7439-7 .

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