|Geographic location :|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 89|
|License plate :||NNI|
|Economy and Transport|
|Next international airport :||Warsaw|
Zaborowo [ zabɔˈrɔvɔ ] ( German Saberau ) is a village in the Kozłowo municipality in Poland. It is located 7 km south of the city of Nidzica (Neidenburg) and belongs to the powiat Nidzicki in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship .
The village came into being in the 14th century when the area south of Gilgenburg was colonized by the Osterode commandery . The locator's family , for whom the name Otto is guaranteed, had a farm in the center of the village for 500 years, which had to be given up in 1919 and sold to the Wippich family. The Otto family exercised the hereditary office for several centuries. The last heir was named Wilhelm Otto (1814–1901). The village festival was renewed in 1423 because the old copy was probably lost during the Battle of Tannenberg in 1410.
Potatoes were increasingly grown in the fields around Saberau, which encouraged the establishment of the Saberau-Salleschen distillery cooperative and the construction of a distillery before the Second World War . From 1926 on there was a dairy in the village.
There was already a school in Saberau in 1800. It burned down and was replaced in 1896 by a new building. Due to the high number of students, this building had to be expanded in 1906 for a second teaching position, which was followed by an extension in 1925.
The Evangelical Church of Saberau was a hall building from 1740 with a wooden roof tower. Affiliated with it were the places Pilgramsdorf (today Pielgrzymowo), Saberau, Schiemanen and Wasienen from the district. The Church is Catholic today.
On the basis of the provisions of the Versailles Treaty , the population in the Allenstein voting area , to which Saberau belonged, voted on July 11, 1920 on whether it would continue to belong to East Prussia (and thus to Germany) or join Poland. In Saberau, the overwhelming majority of the residents voted to remain with East Prussia.
On January 20, 1945 the place was occupied by Soviet troops and then handed over to Poland.
The municipality Zaborowo existed until 1954. In the period 1975-1998 the place was administratively part of the Olsztyn Voivodeship .
Native of the place
- Albrecht Konrad Finck von Finckenstein (born October 30, 1660 in Saberau), Prussian field marshal and prince educator, senior of the Order of St. John, heir to Finckenstein Castle († 1735)
- Max Meyhöfer: The rural communities of the Neidenburg district. A contribution to the settlement, population development and economic history from the 14th century to 1945. Ed. Vd Kreisgemeinschaft Neidenburg / Ostpr. eV, Thomann'sche Buchdruckerei, Landshut 1969.
- Nidzica. Z dziejów miasta i okolic. Pojezierze, Olsztyn 1976.
- Rozalia Przybytek: Hydronymia Europaea. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 1993, p. 291.
- Zaborowo - Saberau on Ostpreußen.net
- Saberau district on territorial.de
- District community Neidenburg on neidenburg.de
- Michael Schimanski: Der Erbschulzenhof Otto in Saberau , Neidenburger Heimatbrief, Pentecost 2012, p. 35 f.
- Zaborowo - Saberau on Ostpreußen.net.
- Hermann Hardt: Dorfchronik des Dorfes Saberau , Neidenburger Heimatbrief, Whitsun 2006, p. 29 ff.
- District Saberau on territorial.de.
- Herbert Marzian , Csaba Kenez : self-determination for East Germany. Documentation on the 50th anniversary of the East and West Prussian referendum on July 11, 1920. Editor: Göttinger Arbeitskreis , 1970, p. 92.