Göttingen working group
The Göttingen working group was founded in Germany after the Second World War as a working group of East German scientists . The university professors were expellees from East Prussia , West Prussia , Pomerania , Silesia and Neumark .
The working group was established as early as 1946 in the course of the Cold War . The American military government commissioned an expert report on the Oder-Neisse border . With the participation of the literary historian Helmut Motekat , the working group was constituted in 1948 as a society under civil law . The founding board consisted not only of academics such as the international law expert Herbert Kraus , but also of administrative lawyers . In addition to the former district administrator Wolf Freiherrn v. Wrangel , the former chief president Wilhelm Kutscher and Götz von Selle was Joachim Frhr. v. Braun executive board member. The first chairmen were the former curator of the Albertus University Königsberg Friedrich Hoffmann and Herbert Kraus. Many employees of the former Institute for German Ostarbeit in Krakow were involved: In 1952 Erhard Riemann published a folklore of Prussia in the series of the Göttingen working group No. 19. The editor was Heinrich Wolfrum from the same institute. Kurt Lück's German designer and folder in the east (Poznan 1940) was newly published under the title German-Polish Neighborhood. Pictures of life of German helpers in Poland (Göttingen Working Group, Publ. No. 178, 1957) published. The publications omitted topics such as the eastern border struggle , the revision propaganda of the Weimar period and the extermination policy.
The restricted working conditions with weekly donations ended in 1950, when the Adenauer I cabinet began to promote the working group in the sense of the preamble of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany . The working group saw itself as a critical observer and advisor in questions of Germany and Ostpolitik.
In 1958 the working group became a registered association .
"The aim of the association is to research all problems related to the German question, the German displaced persons and their home areas, as well as the publication of publications on these questions."
Joachim von Braun shaped the work of the Göttingen working group. He not only wanted to protect rights, but also to clarify values that would make a renewal of the German state and Germany possible with the active participation of the displaced . To this end, the working group campaigned for the displaced to be organized in non-partisan country teams .
The work of the working group applied as a whole, as v. Braun emphasized in an activity report, "the whole of Germany and a new peaceful order in the world". The principles were reflected in the charter of German expellees announced in Stuttgart on August 5, 1950 .
According to Ostpolitik and the Two-Plus-Four Treaty, the association has been aiming since 1993 " the scientific research into the legal, political and socio-economic situation of Germans in Eastern Europe as well as the problems of the development of Germany and its Eastern European neighbors and their cooperation in a pan-European framework" .
From 1951 to 1994 the working group published the yearbook of the Albertus University in Königsberg (Pr.) . In 1960 he sponsored the construction of the Albertinum dormitory in Göttingen.
- 1951–1965: Herbert Kraus
- 1965–2000: Boris Meissner
- 2000–2002: Georg Brunner
- 2003–2012: Otto Luchterhandt
- since 2014: Gilbert Gornig
Deputy Chairman: Dietrich Rauschning , Vice President and Honorary President
- The Tübingen Memorandum of Eight: On his foreign policy theses , 3rd edition, Göttingen, 1962.
- Christoph Kleßmann : East European research and habitat policy in the Third Reich. In: From Politics and Contemporary History 7/1984, pp. 33–45; especially p. 43f.