Adolf Stölzel

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Adolf Stölzel (born June 28, 1831 in Gotha ; † April 19, 1919 in Berlin ) was a German scholar of law and history. As crown syndic , he sat in the Prussian mansion .


Adolf Friedrich Stölzel was the son of Ernst Georg Stölzel (1795–1837) and Ulrike Dorothee Schmidt (1798–1881). His grandfather was Ernst Heinrich Stölzel (1755–1797), secretary of the Oberhofmarschallamt zu Gotha.

After graduating from high school in Kassel , Stölzel began to study law at the Philipps University of Marburg . In 1850 he became active with Franz Rang in the Corps Teutonia Marburg . As an inactive , he moved to the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg . His national preparatory service was relatively long at more than seven years. Stölzel worked alongside lawyers throughout his legal traineeship.

In 1860 he began his civil service career as a city court assessor in Kassel and two years later he became an assessor at the Hessian Higher Court. In 1867 Stölzel took over his first judicial office in the district court of Kassel. Numerous promotions took place within a few years: District judge in Kassel (1869), chamber judge in Berlin (1872) and finally the appointment to the secret judicial council (1875).

After obtaining his doctorate in Marburg as Doctor juris honoris causa in 1872, he was appointed to the Prussian Judiciary Examination Commission in 1876, which was responsible for the major legal state examination in Prussia in Berlin . After his promotion to the Secret Higher Justice Council, he was appointed President of the Judiciary Examination Commission in 1886. Since 1887 he was also honorary professor for civil law and legal history at the Friedrich Wilhelms University .

In 1891 he became a member of the Prussian mansion for life because of his special services to the Crown Syndicate .

Until his death, Stölzel was active in literature. At the age of 80 he wrote his memoirs; however, these have remained unpublished. The manuscript and extensive documentary material are in an archive in Hesse.

On November 19, 1860, Stölzel's first marriage was Anna Engelhard (1839–1873), a daughter of the later Kassel Supreme Court Director Wilhelm Gotthelf Engelhard (1785–1848) and Louise Waitz (1801–1848). Anna Engelhard was a granddaughter of Magdalena Philippine Gatterer , a well-known poet. There were three children from this marriage. Stölzel's second marriage to Henriette Weinrich (1835–1915) remained childless.

Professorship and lectures

The legal textbooks written by Stölzel were especially groundbreaking for the practical training of trainee lawyers. His book Training for Civilian Practice , published in 1894, exhaustively presented certain concrete cases from practice. Stölzel clearly recognized that you learn more from practical cases than from all theory.

Since the winter semester of 1893/94, Stölzel gave a two-hour lecture on "Training for civilistic practice". He had set himself the task of dealing with “the most important principles of civil process”. “The Berlin trainee lawyers had been informed about the lecture by the President of the Court of Appeal. More than 600 listeners filled the auditorium maximum of the Berlin University. ” Stölzel's well-known lectures on“ Training for civilistic practice ”were seen as“ epoch-making ”because they had never been given in this form before. "If today all universities and most of the larger courts organize practical exercises from which the young lawyers derive the richest and most lasting benefit for the practical application of law, this success can largely be attributed to the example and suggestion of Stölzel."

Awards and Appointments

Fonts (selection)

  • The development of the learned judiciary in German territories: A legal historical investigation with preferential consideration of the conditions in the area of ​​the former Electorate of Hesse. 2 volumes. Cotta, Stuttgart 1872.
  • Carl Gottlieb Svarez: A time picture from the second half of the eighteenth century. Franz Vahlen, Berlin 1885.
  • Brandenburg-Prussia's legal administration and constitution represented in the work of its sovereign princes and highest judicial officials. Franz Vahlen, Berlin 1888, Volume 1 , 2 .
  • About trial relations: A message from the Judicial Examination Commission. Franz Vahlen, Berlin 1888; 4th edition 1906.
  • Training for civilistic practice. 2 volumes. Franz Vahlen, Berlin 1894/97; 9th edition 1913 (vol. 1) and 5th edition 1909 (vol. 2).
  • Documented material from the Brandenburg Schöppenstuhl files. with the collaboration of Ernst Deichmann and Victor Friese ed. by Adolf Stölzel; 4 volumes (volume 1: documents up to 1580; volume 2: documents from 1581; volume 3: those of Bismarck in the Brandenburger Schöppenstuhl files; volume 4: collection of speeches from the Brandenburg Schöppenstuhl). Franz Vahlen, Berlin 1901.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Wolfgang Ollrog (arrangement): Johann Christoph Gatterer, the founder of scientific genealogy. An examination of the previously known sources and publications about his origins, his life and work as well as his descendants . On behalf of the Genealogical-Heraldic Society with headquarters in Göttingen, Archive for Family Research and All Related Areas with Practical Research Aid, Volume 47, Issue 81/82, February 1981, Starke Verlag (Hg.), Limburg / Lahn 1981, p 44
  2. Kösener Corpslisten 1930, 104 , 321
  3. a b c d e Christian Grahl: Life no dream , in: Okko Behrends, Ralf Dreier (ed.): Gerechtigkeit und Geschichte (= sources and research on law and its history), Vol. 6. Wallstein Verlag , Göttingen 1996 , ISBN 3-89244-209-6 , pp. 136-141