Adolf Weber (economist)

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Adolf Weber (born December 29, 1876 in Mechernich ; † January 5, 1963 in Munich ) was a German economist .


Born as the son of a farmer in the Eifel, he attended a grammar school in Bonn and then studied law at the universities of Bonn, Berlin and Leipzig. He received his doctorate in 1900 in Freiburg i. Br. To Dr. jur. and two years later in Bonn for Dr. phil. After studying economics with Max Sering (until 1889) and Eberhard Gothein in Bonn until 1904, he completed his habilitation as a private lecturer in Bonn in 1903 and taught at the university and at the agricultural college in Bonn-Poppelsdorf (from 1904). In 1908 he was appointed to a professorship at the Cologne Commercial College , in 1912 he was also appointed head of the newly founded College for Communal and Social Administration in Cologne. From 1914 to 1919 he taught as a professor at the University of Breslau - there he founded the Eastern Europe Institute -, from 1919 at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main until 1921, the Department of Economics at the University of Munich moved, he until his retirement at the age of 72 in 1948. Even after his retirement he continued to give lectures.

Influenced by the growing totalitarianism at the time of the First World War , he coined the term of the total apparatusization of society by attempting to control the social technocratically by means of a value-free science in the sense of Max Weber. He criticized both National Socialism and the Soviet planned economy and, in his role as a public intellectual , repeatedly advocated the idea of ​​a free market economy . As early as 1910 he wrote: "An almost fantastic belief in the omnipotence of public violence in the social field, in particular a belief that goes beyond the measure in the miraculous power of the legal template and the tax screw is becoming more and more important".

For Alfred Müller-Armack , Fritz Schäffer and Ludwig Erhard, his economic policy drafts formed an important basis for the economic reorganization of Germany as a social market economy in the post-war period .



  • The money quality of the banknote . Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1900.
  • Deposit banks and speculative banks. A comparison of German and English banking . Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1902, 4th edition 1938.
  • About land rent and land speculation in the modern city . Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1904.
  • Poor service and welfare. Introduction to social aid work . GJ Göschen, Leipzig 1907.
  • The big city and its social problems . Quelle & Meyer, Leipzig 1908.
  • The tasks of economics as a science . JCB Mohr (Paul Siebeck), Tübingen 1909.
  • The struggle between capital and labor. Attempt of a systematic presentation with special consideration of the current German conditions . JCB Mohr (Paul Siebeck), Tübingen 1910, (2nd, revised edition with the secondary title: Unions and employers' associations in Germany , Tübingen 1920), 6th edition 1954.
  • Brief economics . 8th edition Berlin: Duncker and Humblot, 1966.
  • General Economics , 4th improved and supplemented edition, Munich and Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1932.
  • Social policy, speeches and essays , Munich and Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1931.
  • Agricultural, craft, industrial policy. Economic Policy I , Munich and Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1932.
  • Trade and Transport Policy. Economic Policy II , Munich and Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1933.

Web links


  1. ^ Weber at Munzinger
  2. Schlesische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Breslau (Ed.): Personnel and Lecture Directory: Winter Semester 1939/40 . Breslau 1939, p. 3 ( [accessed August 19, 2012]).
  3. ^ Adolf Weber obituary in the 1964 yearbook of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences (PDF file).