Ajman (emirate)

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The Emirate of Ajman in the United Arab Emirates
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Basic data
Country United Arab Emirates
Capital Ajman
surface 259 km²
Residents 504,846 (2017)
density 1949 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 AE-AJ
emir Humaid bin Raschid an-Nuʿaimi
Aerial view of Ajman
Aerial view of Ajman

Coordinates: 25 ° 24 '  N , 55 ° 30'  E

Ajman ( Arabic إمارة عجمان, DMG Imārat ʿAǧmān ; sometimes also Ajman , Adjman , Ujmân and spelled differently) is the smallest of the seven emirates in terms of area that make up the United Arab Emirates . The main area is only around 22 kilometers northeast of Dubai on the Persian Gulf . The capital of the emirate is the Ajman of the same name .


The small area of ​​Ajman is divided into three parts that are very different in size: The most important part is located on an eight-kilometer coastal strip on the Persian Gulf between the cities of Umm al-Qaiwain and Sharjah and is completely enclosed by the land of the Emirate of Sharjah . It covers around 148 km² of mostly flat sandy soils, is congruent with the capital of the emirate and extends from there around 16 km into the hinterland. The other two sections are the sparsely and sparsely populated Manama and Masfut , which are 60 km and 110 km away from the capital Ajman as exclaves with a total of 14,811 inhabitants (2017 census) in the agriculturally attractive inland area of ​​the Hajar Mountains . Manama is surrounded by the territories of the Emirates Sharjah and Fujairah , Masfut of Ra's al-Khaimah , Hatta (an exclave of Dubai ), and the Sultanate of Oman .

Ajman is the poorest emirate in the UAE because it does not have its own oil or natural gas reserves and no agriculture worth mentioning is possible. Only the trade and the emerging tourism bring the emirate some income. Therefore, it is dependent on the contractually agreed subsidies of the resource-rich UAE.


History and politics

Ajman has been ruled by members of the an-Nuʿaimi family since 1810 . From 1820 the emirate was one of the Trucial States .

Great Britain granted independence to the former Trucial States on December 2, 1971 . Under the leadership of Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates were founded from the former Trucial States Abu Dhabi , Dubai , Sharjah , Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain and Fujairah . On February 10, 1972, Ra's al-Khaimah joined the federation as the seventh and last former Trucial State . Ajman's ruler ( emir ) has been Humaid bin Raschid an-Nuʿaimi since 1981 .


  • 1820–1838 Raschid I.
  • 1838–1841 Humaid I.
  • 1841–1848 Abd al-Aziz I.
  • 1848–1872 Humaid I. (again)
  • 1872-1891 Raschid II.
  • 1891–1900 Humaid II.
  • 1900–1908 Abd al-Aziz II.
  • 1908–1928 Humaid III.
  • 1928–1981 Raschid III.
  • 1981– Humaid IV.9999
  • Crown Prince: ʿAmmar bin Humaid an-Nuʿaimi

Economy and education

Boats with fishing for the fish market at the port (2018)

The leading industries in Ajman are the manufacturing industry and the construction industry, the most important export trading partners are the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council . Part of the population lives from fishing, shipbuilding has traditional significance. Agriculture is practiced in the Manama exclave, tobacco is planted and marble is mined in the Masfut area. No oil was found in the small Emirate of Ajman, which is why it is dependent on financial support from the other Emirates. The beach of Ajman City is of major tourist interest.

The Ajman Free Zone was established at the port of Ajman in 1988 . An international airport has been under construction in the Manama exclave since 2008.

Major educational institutions are Ajman University of Science and Technology and Gulf Medical University .

Web links

Commons : Emirate of Ajman  - Collection of images, videos and audio files