Alexander Binder (photographer)
Binder studied engineering, but dropped out early. From 1908 to 1910 he attended the teaching and research institute for photography, chemistry, collotype and engraving in Munich and then went to Berlin, where he opened his first photo studio in 1913, which was a studio for pictorial portrait photography until 1914 in a through room on the Motzstrasse was located. In 1915, Binder moved his studio to Kurfürstendamm 225. He specialized in portrait photography and became one of Germany's leading portrait photographers in the 1920s. Binder was represented at the 1st Annual Berlin Photography Exhibition in 1921 at the Kunstgewerbemuseum Berlin and from 1925 to 1926 exhibited his own photographs in London . In the late 1920s and after his death in the 1930s, his studio was “Europe's largest… photo studio”.
Binder created advertising and portraits. In addition to well-known Berlin personalities, the focus was primarily on star and fashion shoots. During the shooting of the film Die joyllose Gasse , Binder portrayed the actress Greta Garbo . Portraits of mainly well-known German actors were sold on the Ross cards or photochemistry cards that were popular at the time . Binder's photographs also appeared in the monthly journal for photography and cinematography. The Lens.
From 1921 Binder had his own logo for his photographs: his name was inscribed in a rhombus . Until his death, for example, his photographs were with the line “Alex Binder Photogr. Atelier ”,“ Alex Binder, Berlin ”or“ Phot. A. Binder, Berlin ”. Many photographs also contained Binder's signature in the photo, either as “Binder” or as “A. Binder". Binder died in February 1929.
The Binder studio
After Binder's death - from 1929 his studio was on Kurfürstendamm 205 - the business name changed to Atelier Binder. New photographs were also published under the changed name. It is possible that after Binder's death the photographer in charge was Hub's Flöter , who was employed as the first surgeon in the studio until 1938. However, Binder's signature remained in the photographs even after his death. The Binder Atelier later became a GmbH . After Binder's death, the owners of the studio were his wife Binder-Allemann and his two daughters. The management was held by Elisabeth Freifrau von Stengel, who was deported to the Theresienstadt concentration camp in 1943 because of her Jewish origins . Other sources indicate that Stengel, who died in Ascona in 1978 , was deported as early as 1938 and that the studio was closed by the trade supervisory authority in the same year. Photographer Karl Ludwig Haenchen is said to have taken over the rooms in 1938. After the end of the Second World War , the Hasse and Wiese company took over the Binder atelier in 1948 and 1949 respectively.
Käthe Haack , around 1916
Lil Dagover , 1919
Harriet Cohen , around 1920
Harry Liedtke , around 1920
Ernst Lubitsch , 1920
Hans Albers , 1922
Greta Garbo , 1925
Erna Morena , 1925
Gerda Maurus , 1925/26
Willy Fritsch , around 1927
Lya de Putti , 1927
Georg Alexander , 1927/28
Lilian Harvey , around 1928
Maria Paudler , around 1928
Christa Tordy , around 1928
Truus van Aalten , 1929
Conrad Veidt , around 1929
Dita Parlo , around 1929
- Johannes Christoph Moderegger: The fashion photography in the focus of the Third Reich. Dissertation, University of Kiel 1998, p. 4.
- Johannes Christoph Moderegger: Fashion Photography in Germany 1929–1955. Books On Demand, Norderstedt 2000, ISBN 3-8311-0731-9 , p. 32.
- Ulrich Pohlmann: The elegance of dictatorship. Fashion photographs in German magazines 1936–1943. Fotomuseum, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-934609-03-1 .
- Rolf Sachsse : The education to look away. Photography in the Nazi state. Philo Fine Arts, Dresden 2003, ISBN 3-364-00390-4 .
- Philipp Freytag: Binder, Alexander . In: General Artist Lexicon . The visual artists of all times and peoples (AKL). Addendum 3, Saur, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-598-22863-6 , p. 140.
- According to death and marriage certificate; other sources suggest Aleksandrovka, Crimea , as the place of birth; see. Binder, Alexander. In: Saur General Artist Lexicon. Addendum, Volume 3: Beranek - Briggs. 2008, p. 140.
- Binder, Alexander. In: Saur General Artist Lexicon. Addendum, Volume 3: Beranek - Briggs. 2008, p. 140.
- Johannes Christoph Moderegger: Modefotografie in Deutschland 1929–1955. 2000, p. 32.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Jewish photographer presumably of Swiss origin|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1888|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Alexandria|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 25, 1929|
|Place of death||Berlin|