Alfons Lhotsky

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Alfons Lhotsky (also Alphons Lhotsky , born May 8, 1903 in Vienna ; † June 21, 1968 ibid) was an Austrian historian .

The son of an Austrian family of officers spent his youth in Vienna and Tyrol. In July 1921, he put the final examination at the high school from Vienna XVI. From 1923 to 1925 he completed the 34th course at the Institute for Austrian Historical Research together with Heimito von Doderer and Rudolf Pühringer . He was particularly influenced by Oswald Redlich . Through honest he turned to the late Middle Ages . He received his doctorate on the Würzburg form book from the 13th century. From 1927 to 1937 he worked first as a volunteer and then as a contract employee at the Austrian Federal Photo Agency. At the same time he did research in the evenings at the Institute for Austrian Historical Research. The studies resulting from this, such as the iconography of the sovereigns of Austria in the Middle Ages or the investigation into the narrative historical sources of Italy from the middle of the 13th century to the middle of the 16th century and others remained unprinted.

In 1938 he became in-house historian and archivist at the Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna . From 1940 Lhotsky began to deal intensively with Thomas Ebendorfer . He published numerous individual studies on Ebendorfer. A biography of Ebendorf followed in 1957 and in 1967 the critical edition of his Austrian Chronicle (Chronica Austriae). From 1941 to 1945, Lhotsky's three-volume history of the art collections of the House of Austria was published.

In 1945 he received his Habilitation at the University of Vienna with the Privilegium Maius . A year later he became an associate professor for Austrian history. In 1946 Lhotsky became a corresponding and four years later a full member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. From 1951 he held a professorship for Austrian history at the University of Vienna. The main work of Dietrich von Nieheim Viridarium imperatorum et regum Romanorum was edited by Lhotsky and Karl Pivec . It appeared in 1956 in the state papers of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica . From 1960 to 1968 he was head of the Institute for Austrian Studies. In 1963 he published the source study on the medieval history of Austria . This presentation became a standard work. In 1965, for the six hundred year jubilee of the University of Vienna with the history of the Vienna Artistic Faculty in the Middle Ages (1365–1497), he wrote the commemoration.

At the end of his sixtieth year he was awarded the Cross of Honor 1st Class for Science and Art . In 1965 he received the Wilhelm Hartel Prize . He was buried in an honorary grave at Hietzingen cemetery . In 1972, Lhotskygasse in Vienna- Floridsdorf (21st district) was named after him.


  • Articles and lectures. 5 volumes, Munich 1970–1976.
  • The Vienna Artistic Faculty 1365–1497. The Austrian Academy of Sciences commemorates the 600th anniversary of the University of Vienna. Vienna 1965
  • Source studies on the medieval history of Austria. Graz 1963.
  • Thomas Ebendorfer. An Austrian historian, theologian and diplomat of the 15th century. Stuttgart 1957.
  • Festschrift of the Kunsthistorisches Museum to celebrate the 50th anniversary. Vienna 1941–1945.


Web links


  1. ^ Johann Christoph Allmayer-Beck: Rudolf Pühringer In: Mitteilungen des Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung , Vol. 79 (1971) pp. 293-294.
  2. Alphons Lhotsky grave site , Vienna, Hietzinger Friedhof, Group 52, No. 41.