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Armando in 2012
“The Tree”, Groningen
“Reclining figure” (2005), Groningen
"Flag", Westerbork

Armando (actually Herman Dirk van Dodeweerd; born September 18, 1929 in Amsterdam ; † July 1, 2018 in Potsdam ) was a Dutch artist .


Armando began taking violin lessons at the age of five. From 1935 to 1950 he lived in Amersfoort . 1945–1949 he played the violin in various bands with swing and gypsy music. He studied art history and philosophy at the University of Amsterdam from 1949 to 1954 . In 1949 he turned to drawing, and in 1950 he wrote his first poems. After he began studying art history in Amsterdam in 1950, he began to paint in 1951. In 1958 he founded the Dutch Informal Group with the artists Kees van Bohemen , Henk Peeters , Jan Henderikse and Jan Schoonhoven , and in 1960 the group nul . From 1961 to 1965 he maintained intensive contacts with the Dutch and international zero movement. From 1965 to 1967 he worked exclusively as a writer, in 1967 he published the book De SS-ers with Hans Sleutelaar . Nederlandse vrijwilligers in de Tweede Wereldoorlog , a documentation of interviews with former members of the Waffen SS in the Netherlands, which caused a sensation and heated discussions in the Netherlands. From then on, Armando repeatedly dealt artistically and literarily with his childhood memories - he had grown up near Kamp Amersfoort ( Amersfoort police transit camp). The consistently black objects in the picture represent a symbolism of violence. He wrote seven volumes of poetry.

The first sculpture was created in 1973. With a scholarship from the “Berlin Artists' Program of the DAAD ”, Armando moved to Berlin in 1979 and wrote the regular column Armando uit Berlijn for the daily newspaper NRC Handelsblad . In 1982 Armando was a participating artist at documenta 7 in Kassel , in 1984 he represented the Dutch pavilion at the 41st Venice Biennale . The Armando Quartet was founded in 1993, and in 1994 his first children's book “Dirk de dwerg” was published. In 1996 he was appointed a member of the Berlin Academy of the Arts . In the same year he was awarded the Jerg Ratgeb Prize , founded by HAP Grieshaber and Rolf Szymanski , by the city of Reutlingen . In 1998 the Armando Museum was opened in Amersfoort, which was destroyed by fire on October 22, 2007. An Armando collection has been on display in the new Oud Amelisweerd (MOA) museum in Bunnik since March 2012 .

Since 2004, his painterly work has become more colorful, with few black elements.

Armando lived and worked in Amstelveen and Potsdam, where he died in 2018 at the age of 88.


Works (selection)

  • 1982: Flag 2/1982 , oil on canvas, 240.5 × 154.5 cm, Städtisches Museum Abteiberg, Mönchengladbach


  • Ernst van Alphen: Armando. Shaping memory . Rotterdam 2000, engl. Version ISBN 90-5662-173-4 , Dutch version ISBN 90-5662-172-6
  • Armando . Ed. Neues Museum in Nürnberg, with texts by Lucius Grisebach, Rudi Fuchs a. a., Nuremberg 2002, ISBN 3-933096-88-X
  • Hannelore Kersting (arrangement): Contemporary art. 1960 to 2007 . Municipal Museum Abteiberg Mönchengladbach, 2007, ISBN 978-3-924039-55-4
  • Armando . Ed .: Galerie Sztuki Wspólczesney BWA w Katowicach (Gallery for Contemporary Art in Kattowitz), with texts by Lucius Grisebach, Isa Bickmann, Polish / English / German, Katowicach 2007, ISBN 978-83-88254-43-7
  • Armando - Between Knowing and Understanding , Ed .: Antoon Melissen, Nai010 publishers, Rotterdam 2015, ISBN 978-94-6208-186-4
  • Armando - Pictures, Sculptures, Drawings , Ed .: Neuer Berliner Kunstverein, Neues Museum Weserburg Bremen 1994. With texts by Angela Schneider, Anatol Gotfryd, Thomas Deecke, Peter Raue.
  • Armando - De tand des tijds / The ravages of time, over Armando's bronzen 1988–1999 . Galerie Willy Schoots, Eindhoven 1999. Text: Ernst van Alphen. ISBN 90-73998-08-5
  • Armando - Neue Horizonte , Ed .: Museum Moyland Foundation, Bedburg-Hau 2005. Texts Armando, Thomas Deecke.
  • Armando - Die Berliner Jahre Ed .: SDU Publishers, Den Haag 1989. With text by Günther Gercken, ISBN 90-1206240-3
  • Armando - Beeldhouwer / Bildhauer / Sculptor Catalog raisonné of the bronze sculptures 1988–2006. Text by Lucius Grisebach, ed. Galerie Willy Schoots, Eindhoven 2006, ISBN 90-73998-19-0 and ISBN 978-90-73998-19-3
  • Armando - Painting , Ed .: Städtisches Kunstmuseum Spendhaus Reutlingen, Beate Grubert-Thurow, Reutlingen 1996, ISBN 3-927228-66-4

Web links

Commons : Armando  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Kunstenaar Armando (88) overleden on RTV Utrecht, July 1, 2018, accessed on July 2, 2018