as-Sulaimaniyya (governorate)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ninawa Dahuk (Gouvernement) Erbil (Gouvernement) As-Sulaimaniyya (Gouvernement) Kirkuk (Gouvernement) Diyala Salah ad-Din (Gouvernement) Al-Anbar Bagdad (Gouvernement) Babil Kerbela (Gouvernement) Al-Wasit (Gouvernement) Nadschaf (Gouvernement) Al-Qadisiyya (Gouvernement) Maisan (Gouvernement) Dhi Qar Al-Muthanna (Gouvernement) Basra (Gouvernement) Kuwait Jordanien Türkei Syrien Saudi-Arabien IranAs-Sulaymaniyyah in Iraq.svg
About this picture
Basic data
Country Iraq
Capital Sulaimaniyya
surface 20,143.9 km²
Residents 2,021,175 (2017)
density 100 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 IQ-SU
Districts of the governorate
Districts of the governorate

Coordinates: 35 ° 30 '  N , 45 ° 30'  E

As-Sulaimaniyya ( Kurdish سلێمانی Silêmanî ; Arabic السليمانية, DMG as-Sulaymānīya ) is a governorate of the Kurdistan Autonomous Region in Iraq and is located on the Iranian border. The capital is Sulaimaniyya . The governorate has a population of 2,021,175; this may change once Article 136 of the new Iraqi Constitution is applied. Accordingly, the Kelar and Jamjamāl districts would have to be re-incorporated into the Kirkuk governorate .

The majority of the population consists of Kurds . They speak the Sorani dialect. There are also Arabs , Turkmens and Arameans as a minority. Over 99 percent of the population are Muslim.


Well-known cities of the governorate are Sulaimaniyya , Jamjamāl , Ranya and Penjwin .


The districts of the governorate are:

Outsourcing of Halabjas in 2014

In 2014, the Halabdscha district was spun off from the governorate and merged to form the Halabdscha governorate of the same name .

Security situation after the Gulf War in 2003

The governorate is still considered to be one of the safest in Iraq, with practically no Islamist attacks. The reasons given by the local authorities are:

  • Authorities experienced in dealing with Islamist terrorists and Baath supporters
  • Excellent information acquisition by good secret services and help from the population
  • Very homogeneous population (Kurds), therefore little risk that foreign bombers could be covered by locals
  • Due to the location in the mountains only two access roads that are easy to control


Sulaimaniyya enjoys a large influx of Iraqi domestic tourists, especially in spring and summer. The mountain climate, which is bearable even in summer, and the excellent security situation by Iraqi standards are probably the main arguments. The area is also very scenic. Popular destinations for excursions are Dukan Lake or Darbandichan Lake .


Individual evidence

  1. The map of estimated population of Kurdistan Region 2017 .

Web links

Commons : as-Sulaimaniyya  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files