Auguste Lazar

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January 17, 1959 in East Berlin:
Auguste Lazar (left) in conversation with
Ilse von Kamptz and Lea Grundig (right)

Auguste Lazar (born September 12, 1887 in Vienna , † April 7, 1970 in Dresden ; also Augusta Wieghardt-Lazar , pseudonym Mary MacMillan ) was an Austro-German writer .

Grave of Auguste Lazar in the Heidefriedhof in Dresden


Auguste Lazar came from a wealthy Jewish family with many children. She studied German and did her doctorate in Vienna in 1916 on ETA Hoffmann . She then became a teacher at several reform pedagogical institutions. In 1920 she and her husband, the mathematics professor Karl Wieghardt , moved to Dresden (first Johannstadt , later Gruna ).

Auguste Lazar was close friends with the Grundigs and the Klemperer family, as well as with their former pupil Helene Weigel and Rudolf Leonhard . Her husband died in 1924. After 1933 she worked illegally in the anti-fascist resistance until she had to emigrate to England in 1939. There she worked as a cook until 1949, when she was able to return to Dresden. She preferred to write children's books in which she dealt intensively with questions of political development, and for many years she actively supported young authors. Her best-known children's book Sally Pencil in America was published in Moscow in 1935 under the pseudonym Mary Macmillan . In the GDR, together with Alex Wedding, she was formative for authors of socialist children's literature. In 1953 she received the Karl Marx Order , in 1957 the Patriotic Order of Merit in bronze and in 1962 in silver and in 1959 the Martin Andersen Nexö Art Prize of the City of Dresden. She died in Dresden in 1970. Her grave is in the Heidefriedhof . Auguste-Lazar-Strasse in the Zschertnitz district of Dresden bears her name.

Her youngest sister Maria Lazar (1895–1948) was also a writer.

Works (selection)

  • Mary MacMillan: Sally Pencil in America . Illustrations by Alex Keil . Publishing cooperative of foreign workers in the USSR, Moscow, Leningrad 1935. (Globus-Verlag, Vienna 1947; Sachsenverlag, Dresden 1948.)
  • Boatswain Sibylle . Children's book publisher, Berlin 1953.
  • Jan on the barge. A youth story from 1934 . Sachsenverlag, Dresden 1950. (8th edition children's book publisher, Berlin 1964)
  • The new Thumbnail . Children's book publisher, Berlin 1954.
  • Arabesques. Recordings from turbulent times . Dietz Verlag, Berlin 1957. (7th, extended edition Dietz Verlag, Berlin 1977)
  • Jura in the Lenin Hut. Telling the youth . Dietz Verlag, Berlin 1959.
  • The reign of terror and the happiness of Anette Martin . Children's book publisher, Berlin 1961.
  • Check the king! Fantastic and sober pictures from the French Revolution . Dietz Verlag, Berlin 1964.
  • The Weißensand Bridge . Children's book publisher, Berlin 1965.
  • Lea Grundig on her 60th birthday . In: Fine arts . Edited by the Association of Visual Artists of the German Democratic Republic. 1966, 4, pp. 181-185.
  • Eva Schulze-Knabe 60 years old . In: Fine arts . Edited by the Association of Visual Artists of the German Democratic Republic. 1967, pp. 237-241.
  • Columbine and the root male . Children's book publisher, Berlin 1970.


  • Lazar, Auguste : In: Lexicon of socialist German literature . Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1964, pp. 319-320.
  • Lazar, Auguste (Augusta Wieghardt-Lazar) : In: SBZ biography . 3rd edition, Bonn, Berlin 1964, p. 268.
  • Auguste Lazar. Literature compilation . City District Library Berlin-Mitte, Dept. Children's Libraries. Compiled by Gerlinde Rau and Helga Rüdiger. Berlin 1975.
  • Lazar, Auguste : In: Werner Röder, Herbert A. Strauss (ed.): International Biographical Dictionary of Central European Emigrés 1933-1945 , Vol II, 2 Munich: Saur 1983 ISBN 3-598-10089-2 , p. 698 ^
  • Fred Rodrian: About Auguste Lazar . In: Fred Rodrian, Marianne Konzeg (ed.): Written for the day. Notes, speeches, information . Kinderbuchverlag, Berlin 1985, pp. 36-41.
  • Use Ploog:  Lazar, Auguste. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 14, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1985, ISBN 3-428-00195-8 , p. 7 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Astrid Fernengel: Children's literature in exile , Tectum, Marburg, 2008, Diss. TU Berlin 2006, p. 227f.
  • Gudrun Wedel: autobiographies of women. A lexicon . Böhlau, Cologne a. a. 2010. ISBN 978-3-412-20585-0 , pp. 480f. Digitized

Web links


  1. This refers to the visual artists Lea Grundig and Hans Grundig , who live in Dresden .
  2. Family of Victor Klemperer , his brothers and his cousin Otto Klemperer .