The Augustinerhof is the project name for the development of a central area in the old town of Nuremberg . The construction work for a branch of the Deutsches Museum began in 2017 and the museum will open in 2021.
The 5000 square meter area between Winklerstrasse, Karlstrasse and the Pegnitz is located north of the river in the old town of Sebald. The name Augustinerhof has no historical significance.
On the area between Schustergasse / Southern Augustinerstraße and Charles Street / Winklerstraße had since 1265 Augustinian monastery existed. The residential buildings and restaurants that were vacant after the dissolution of the monastery were used by the city and land alms office after the Reformation. After various uses, the buildings later stood empty and slowly fell into disrepair until they were demolished in 1872.
The pan mill , first mentioned in a document in 1299, stood on the Pegnitz and was destroyed by bombs in World War II.
On the southern part of the monastery, the building of the printing house of Franz Willmy (1856–1922), who had the Nordbayerische Volkszeitung printed there, was built. His son, Max Willmy, published the 8 o'clock newspaper (later: Abendzeitung ), the Kicker and the Fränkische Tageszeitung (later: Fränkischer Kurier ). The striker was printed there during National Socialism . Around 1973 the site became too small, the print shop gave up the company building and moved.
Development plans from 1990
In 1989 the businessman Mohammad Abousaidy bought the property and planned new buildings with mixed commercial use. While the interest group Nürnberger Altstadtfreunde requested a development plan procedure, the construction consultant Walter Anderle was aiming for a spectacular solution. In January 1991, together with the architect Helmut Jahn from Zirndorf, he presented the plans for a “glass palace” as a deliberate counterpoint to the post-war development in the area. While the idea met with approval in the city council, resistance arose in parts of the population. This was organized in the association "Altstadtfreunde" and grew in the period that followed. A citizens' initiative was founded ( Save the Sebald Old Town ) and the design was described as unsuitable, even as a "sliced sausage". Even after changes to the design, the criticism persisted: the dimensions of the building were too large and the scope of commercial use was excessive.
A first development plan draft to designate the Augustinian site as a core area was rejected by the city council, and a second, slightly revised draft was just approved in December 1991. Edmund Stoiber (CSU), the then interior minister and head of the supreme building authority, had committed the city to draw up the development plan .
Meanwhile, the opponents collected more than 50,000 signatures and in September 1993 the mayor Peter Schönlein (SPD) stepped on the brakes because of a lack of acceptance among the citizens. The concept and building dimensions were further refined, but the majority in the city council crumbled. The referendum in January 1996 - the first and so far only ever in Nuremberg - brought the Jahn draft to an end with almost 69 percent of the votes against the project. In the mayoral election that took place shortly afterwards, Lord Mayor Schönlein was not re-elected. After the bankruptcy of the investor Abousaidy, the property came under compulsory administration and now belonged to the Frankfurt bank Eurohypo .
Various plans in the following years were unsuccessful. In 2001 a foreclosure auction did not take place due to the resistance of the neighboring owners.
Takeover by Schmelzer
In 2008, the Nuremberg real estate entrepreneur Gerd Schmelzer and his Alpha Group bought the site for 5.8 million euros in a formal foreclosure auction . The entrepreneur is married to the Mayor of Culture and 1st Deputy Mayor of Nuremberg, Julia Lehner ( CSU ). From April 3, 2008, Schmelzer had the existing buildings removed in extensive demolition work.
The Berlin architect Volker Staab , who had already designed the New Museum in Nuremberg , won an architecture competition . The design should cost around 60 million euros. Schmelzer wanted to build apartments, shops, offices and restaurants on an area of 5230 m² for a four-star hotel. 2,300 m² of floor space should remain undeveloped.
The originally planned start of construction towards the end of 2009 was not adhered to and paid parking spaces were created on the site in autumn of that year.
Controversy over the establishment of the Deutsches Museum in Nuremberg
In 2016, the then Bavarian Finance Minister Markus Söder announced that a branch of the Deutsches Museum was to be set up on the Augustinerhof site . His agency had sighted various properties; in the end Schmelzer was awarded the contract for his Augustinerhof. Wolfgang Heckl , General Director of the Deutsches Museum, and Schmelzer signed a rental agreement in June 2017 for the branch to be housed in a new building. It was planned that the rent of 2.8 million euros per year would be taken over by the Free State of Bavaria, so that 70 million euros in rental costs would be incurred over the planned contract period of 25 years. The Free State of Bavaria also subsidized the project with 27.6 million euros. In 2021, after research by Norddeutscher Rundfunk , Westdeutscher Rundfunk and Süddeutsche Zeitung, it became known that Schmelzer had donated 45,500 euros to the Bavarian ruling party CSU in 2018 through one of his companies. Two reports came to the conclusion that the contract was unusual and unusual. The rents are too high, the calculations opaque. The FDP member of the Landtag, Sebastian Körber , spoke of one of the “biggest real estate scandals in the history of the Free State of Bavaria”. The Green MP Verena Osgyan also saw “a solid political scandal, at the center of which is today's Prime Minister Söder”.
The completion of the new Augustinerhof planned by Staab Architects, which, in addition to the branch of the Deutsches Museum with an exhibition area of 2900 m², is to house hotels, retail and gastronomy, was planned for 2020. So-called “ future technologies ” as well as innovations with the core topics of energy , mobility , robotics , information technology and medicine were planned as the content focus of the Deutsches Museum Nürnberg . In March 2020, the museum management was taken over by the previous director of the Museum for Communication Nuremberg and Nuremberg CSU city councilor Marion Grether. The opening of the Deutsches Museum Nuremberg, originally planned for 2019, took place on September 17, 2021.
- Homepage Deutsches Museum branch in Nuremberg
- Article about Augustinerhof and Milchhof (PDF file; 345 kB)
- Augustinerhof in Nuremberg Info
- Article on nordbayern.de
- Alpha group side
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