Bělá (Město Libavá)

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Wall remains in the area of ​​the Bělá desert

Bělá (German Seibersdorf ) is a desert in the area of ​​the municipality of Město Libavá in the Czech Republic . It is located five kilometers west of Město Libavá. The cadastral district of Bělá u Města Libavá covers an area of ​​697 hectares.


Bělá was at 570 m. ü. M. in the valley of the brook Bělá ( Seibersdorfer Bach ) in the Oder Mountains . The Bělá (620 m) rises to the east, the Strážiště ( Wachberg , 639 m) to the south, the Kupa (608 m) to the southwest, the Dvorský kopec (606 m) to the west and the Domašovský kopec (590 m) to the northwest.

Surrounding villages were Černý Kříž and Nová Véska in the north, Trhavice in the Northeast, Heroltovice in the Northeast, Mesto Libavá and Dřemovice the east, Údolná and Olejovice the southeast, Smilov in the south, Magdalenský Myn, Panský Mlýn and Jívová in the southwest, hraničné petrovice in the West and Domašov nad Bystřicí in the northwest.


The first written mention of the place Zeyffersdorf , which belongs to the possessions of the Diocese of Olomouc , was made on January 26, 1364 together with other villages from the near and far area in a document on the collection of interest for the maintenance of the in December 1363 by Margrave Johann Heinrich to the City of Olomouc sold March Bridge under the Olomouc Castle. It is questionable whether the place is identical to the Sifridi villa mentioned in 1292 . From 1383 the place was as Biela , 1448 as Zenfersdorf , 1517 as Bila , from 1599 as Seibersdorf , in the 17th century as Seifersdorf or Seyfersdorf , in the 18th century as Seybersdorf and from 1771 as Hančovice , Hučovice , Hunčovice and Seibersdorfium referred . In 1390 Peter Holický von Sternberg acquired the Domašov nad Bystřicí fiefdom and slammed it into his Sternberg lordship . From 1408 the fief belonged to Peter von Krawarn . The registers have been kept in St. Anne's Church in Domašov since 1662. Until the middle of the 19th century the place always remained subservient to Sternberg .

After the abolition of patrimonial Seibersdorf formed from 1850 a municipality in the district administration and the judicial district of Sternberg . The first village school was set up in 1853. In 1854 there were 246 people in the village. These lived mainly from agriculture, a small part worked in the quarries on the Feistritz . There was a mill outside the village. The volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1900. The Czech place name Bělá has been used since 1906. In 1920 Seibersdorf was electrified. In 1921 the community had 277 inhabitants, of which 274 were Germans and three Czechs. At that time the school had a class of 42 students. In 1930, 260 people lived in the 46 houses in the village. After the Munich Agreement , Seibersdorf was added to the German Reich in 1938 and until 1945 belonged to the Bärn district and the judicial district of the city ​​of Liebau . In 1939 there were 259 people in Seibersdorf .

After the end of the Second World War, the village came back to Czechoslovakia and belonged to the Okres Moravský Beroun. The German residents were expelled. Bělá was not repopulated in the course of the 1946 establishment of the Libavá military training area. The abandoned village was demolished between 1950 and 1951.

Bělá was located within the absolutely restricted area and was only accessible annually on May 1st during the special opening of the military training area as part of the “Bílý kámen” cycle tourism campaign. Since 2016 the desert has belonged to the municipality of Město Libavá .

Former monuments

  • Chapel of St. Alfons, built in 1842. The altarpiece was created by the painter Berger from Neutitschein .

Individual evidence

  1. Místopisný rejstřík obcí českého Slezska a severní Moravy (p. 24) ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 2.2 MB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.archives.cz
  2. Either Anton Berger (1797–1867) or his nephew Ignaz Johann Berger (1822–1901).

Web links

Commons : Bělá (Olomouc District)  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 49 ° 44 '  N , 17 ° 28'  E