Bell (noble family)
Bell is the name of a Rhenish nobility family with the Kerpen an der Erft parent company , which is mentioned for the first time between 1065 and 1071 with the Reich Ministerial Warnerus de Kerpene from the family of the Lords of Kerpen . The House of Bell is one tribe with the Princely House of Merode .
The aristocratic family takes its name from the advocacy of the rule Bell (or Belle), today's Buschbell , a district of Frechen in the Rhein-Erft district . The castle of the Bailiffs von Bell in Buschbell perished in the 19th century.
For a better differentiation from “ Horbell ” at Hürth , Buschbell was also called “Vogtsbell” until the French Revolution .
Since 1183, Bell's bailiffs have been documented in numerous documents as Cologne ministerials , so they must have emerged from the Kerpen family in the 12th century.
The rule of Bell passed around the middle of the 15th century after the German male line of the family with Eberhard Vogt zu Bell, a Teutonic Knight , passed to his sister Bela, who married Adam von Fischenich .
At the beginning of the 13th century, Michael von Bell, as a locator, led a group of recruited settlers to Transylvania (then part of the Kingdom of Hungary , today part of Romania ), where he was enfeoffed with a lordship and on this the places Michelsdorf (Romanian Boarta, Hungarian Mihályfalva ) and Bell (Romanian Buia, Hungarian Bólya). The line that originated from him in Transylvania carried the title of Count (Latin: comes ) until the beginning of the 16th century . The majority of the locators were probably elevated to the rank of count by the kings of Hungary for their services. To distinguish these specific status of the Magyar Count homes, those families were in Transylvania as Gräfen ( Gräven called). In the transition from the 15th to the 16th century, this class lost more and more influence and power. The changes in Transylvanian society eventually forced him to completely Magyarize himself and ultimately merge with the Hungarian nobility. In 1532 the Counts of Bell were sentenced to the loss of their possessions per notam infidelitatem (infidelity note) because they did not support the later King Johann Zápolya , but the party of Ferdinand von Habsburg in the election. During this time the line was split into a Hungarian Bolyai branch and a Transylvanian-Saxon Bell branch . Both still exist today.
The castle in Bell ( Buia ) was built by the Count House Bell, but has not been in their possession since the beginning of the 16th century. It's a ruin today.
coat of arms
|Blazon : “Four black stakes in silver. On the helmet there is an umbrella board labeled like the shield, setwith seven silver ostrich feathers. "|
The Transylvanian line has two different coats of arms.
- Gerhard (Godfried) von Bell, 1284–1313 abbot of St. Pantaleon (Cologne)
- Farkas (Wolfgang) Bolyai (born February 9, 1775 in Bell , Transylvania; † November 20, 1856 in Neumarkt am Mieresch , Transylvania), mathematician
- János (Johann) Bolyai (born December 15, 1802 in Klausenburg , Transylvania, † January 27, 1860 in Neumarkt am Mieresch, Transylvania), mathematician
- Anton Fahne : History of the Cologne, Jülich and Bergisch families in family tables . JM Heberle (Heinrich Lempertz), Cologne, 1848, pp. 22-23 . New edition: Wagener Edition, Melle, 2007, ISBN 978-3-937283-15-9
- ↑ Hans J. Domsta: History of the Princes of Merode in the Middle Ages , Vol. 1, p. 26
- ↑ Hans J. Domsta: History of the Princes of Merode in the Middle Ages , Vol. 1, p. 27
- ^ Ernst Heinrich Kneschke : New general German Adels Lexicon , p. 286
- ↑ Entry on Buschbell Castle in the private database "Alle Burgen". Retrieved July 11, 2018.
- ↑ This was the ancestral seat of the knightly son of Bell, who belonged to the Cologne patriciate, better known than von Schall-Riaucour since the names were unified .
- ↑ Martin Bock: Close to the forest - Buschbell . Frechener Geschichtsverein eV
- ↑ Hans J. Domsta: History of the Princes of Merode in the Middle Ages , Vol. 1, p. 29
- ^ Ernst Heinrich Kneschke: New general German Adels Lexicon, p. 287
- ^ Otto Weber: Heimatbuch Bell in Siebenbürgen
- ^ Ernst von Oidtman and his genealogical-heraldic collection in the University Library in Cologne, p. 593
- ^ Otto Weber: Heimatbuch Bell in Siebenbürgen , pp. 244, 265
- ^ Ernst von Oidtman and his genealogical-heraldic collection in the University Library in Cologne, p. 596