Anton F. Fahne (born February 28, 1805 in Münster ; † January 12, 1883 in Düsseldorf ) was a German lawyer who was also active as a historian , genealogist , writer and art collector . His works testify to local patriotic sentiments and a positivist view of history, but do not allow a clear political classification. Even during his lifetime, Fahne had to put up with the accusation of falsified representations. Nevertheless, his genealogical-historical elaborations are still cited relatively frequently and often without criticism.
Again and again one comes across the claim that Friedrich von Uechtritz is identical with Anton Fahne. This is wrong. Uechtritz was a well-known poet of his time and, like Anton Fahne, maintained numerous contacts with the Düsseldorf artist world. It is therefore very likely that Uechtritz and Fahne knew each other. It is also possible that Uechtritz once appeared under the pseudonym Anton Fahne. Evidence for this is not yet known.
Anton Fahne attended high school in Münster . He then began a commercial apprenticeship, but soon switched to studying medicine at the University of Bonn . He also attended lectures from the philosophical faculty, particularly history. After traveling through Würzburg , Bamberg , Prague and Dresden , he went to the university in Berlin to study law. In 1829, Fahne returned to Münster and graduated as an auscultator . During a trip to the south of France in 1831, he wrote his first literary work, Pictures from the South of France . After successfully completing his legal traineeship, he was employed by the Justice Senate in Ehrenbreitstein . In 1834, Fahne went to Düsseldorf and began his work as a judge of the Justice of the Peace in Jülich in 1836 . In 1838 he moved to Bensberg in the same position . In 1842, Fahne took leave for an indefinite period of time in order to settle complicated family relationships and to better promote the literary ventures that had started. Since then he has mainly devoted himself to his genealogical, historical and local political interests. He traveled to Italy and stayed in Rome for a few days in the early autumn of 1844.
Anton Fahne married Julie Stommel (born March 18, 1818 in Düsseldorf ) on September 18, 1835 , the third of four children of the Aachen justice of the peace Johann Peter Stommel and Friederike Bleicher. On March 27, 1836, their daughter Emma Fahne († 1905) was born to Roland.
Flag and the Düsseldorf art scene
From 1835 to 1841, Fahne lived temporarily, from 1842 to 1858 permanently at Roland's house , which was owned by his father-in-law. Not least because of its location near the "Grafenberge", which was one of the preferred places of residence of the Düsseldorf artists, Haus Roland was a popular meeting place for artists.
Fahne owned an extensive art collection, which was based on the inherited picture gallery of Haus Roland. In its original form, Fahnes art collection was probably the most extensive and important private collection in Düsseldorf. As early as 1853, the collection catalog listed around 250 paintings. After the move from Haus Roland to the Fahnenburg, the new cataloging in 1873 comprised 395 objects by old and new masters, especially by 19th century painters from Düsseldorf. During his lifetime, Fahne intended to donate his collection to a municipal museum in Düsseldorf, but this request was not realized for various reasons.
In 1837 he published his work Die Düsseldorfer Maler-Schule in 1834, 1835 and 1836 . Fahne criticized among other things - claiming himself to represent the public opinion - that in recent times the "Ostländer painters" - by which Fahne meant the painters who had come from the east Elbe parts of Prussia - as well as the foreign ones preferentially treated, respectively who would be disadvantaged from the Rhineland and Westphalia. A reply by the Düsseldorf government secretary and writer Johann Josef Scottis , who had also been attacked in this publication, was not long in coming. But the art academy itself felt compelled to publish counter-statements in the local press and - like Scotti - to use facts and figures to show that Fahne distorted or misrepresented the situation. In the same year, Fahne felt compelled to publish another font, Meine Schrift “Die Düsseldorfer Maler-Schule” and its opponents . While the dispute in the Düsseldorf art scene was actually more about the shift in the artistic focus of the academy (compare Düsseldorf School of Painting ), Fahne took the opportunity here to live out his local patriotic ambitions and to put himself in the limelight. He wanted to publish both writings in the local press but, according to his own statement, did not find anyone interested. In his publication in 1873 Die Fahnenburg and its picture gallery… Fahne actually claims that his writings
- [found] the recognition of the daily press, [the author] the invitation of important art journals to collaborate and, most importantly, a change in the management of the Düsseldorf Academy. (Note: the management did not change until 1859) This received a new upswing and consequently a large increase; even the most distant zones, South and North America, England, Sweden, Norway, Russia, even Turkey, provided their contingent […].
In 1889, the German historian Heinrich von Treitschke recalled the dispute that Fahne had launched about the alleged discrimination against Rhenish-Westphalian painters by the academy and the art association and assessed it as an expression of a growing “special spirit of the Rhinelander” tending towards particularism.
Flag and politics
In 1858 the Fahnenburg became permanent residence. The "castle" with its forest park, which partly emerged from the grounds of Haus Roland and had a number of large, tree-lined spaces, offered space and a stage for happy social events, in particular singing festivals and the large costume lifts of the spring and summer festivals Artists' association Malkasten organized here in 1850, 1851 and 1852. The “Spring Festival” of 1851 was the occasion for the painter Otto Knille to capture the scene of the “Storming of the Fahnenburg” as part of the Malkasten Festival “Liberation and Marriage of the Princess Woodruff and Prince Rebensaft” in a history picture.
Fahne remained a member of the artists' association until his death. As a forester's house, Fahne had built the first building in 1846 - not far from the route from Düsseldorf to Grafenberg. After the expansion of the property, in 1858 he moved his collection of paintings there in addition to his residence. But the hunt, which Fahne had bought from the Treasury in 1846, was withdrawn from the Treasury by law of October 31, 1848 without any compensation payments. This resulted in a number of Fahnes publications:
- Political Jesuitism in the new Prussian hunting law, a contribution to the characteristics of the Berlin National Assembly and its spokesmen , Cologne, 1849.
- On the duty of the state to compensate the Rhenish hunting owners on the right bank of the Rhine , 2nd edition, Berlin, 1851.
- Memorandum for the speedy enactment of a law on compensation for the hunting owners affected by the law of October 31, 1848 , Düsseldorf, 1851.
Fahne had again seized the opportunity and made himself the spokesman for those affected, in this case the lobbyist of the nobility and the upper class. In the dispute over the confiscated hunting rights, for example, Fahnes pamphlets were signed by
- Baron Raitz von Frentz
- Baron von Eynatten
- Count of Mirbach
- Graf von Spee
- Count of Hatzfeld
Nevertheless, the matter does not seem to have ended to Fahnes satisfaction. Looking back in 1873, he cited a cabinet order of the emperor in which the emperor reserves the right to
- To compensate for cases of hardship, a bill for the compensation of individual categories of persons entitled to hunt from state funds is sent to the parliament to be convened in the future.
- When I referred to this cabinet order, I received the answer from the Manteuffel ministry : “It is not published!” - This is what this ministry called practicing law.
Genealogy and History
Fahnes first genealogical work dealt with the genealogy of the family of his wife, the Stommel . This genealogy does not appear at all in a list of genealogical works published posthumously according to the family. One can surely assume that his imagination inspired him too much and that his family preferred not to mention the work.
In Bensberg, Fahne had gained insight into the Cologne shrine archive, which was then deposited in the Bensberg district court. On this basis, the two-volume work History of the Cologne, Jülich and Bergisch families was created .
Another genealogical work dealt with the family von Hövel [n] . Fahnes brother-in-law, Aurel Stommel, married a Wilhelmine Hövel on December 1, 1844. This work has been enriched in its complete edition with four songs with accompaniment of the Piano Forte, Componirt and dedicated to Mr. Aurel Stommel and Fraulein Wilhelmine von Hövel on the occasion of their wedding on December 1, 1844 in Dortmund by Anton Fahne .
On June 2, 1854, Fahne became vice president of the provisional board of directors of the newly founded historical association for the Lower Rhine . There were already disagreements when the association was constituted, and Fahne soon abandoned it.
Already in the so-called second section of the first booklet (first volume) of the annals of the historical association for the Lower Rhine from 1855, Fahne received bitter criticism for its publication Die Dynasten, Freiherrn und Graf von Bocholtz along with the genealogy of the families from which they their wives Taken with documents from A. Fahne von Roland, Volume 3, Chronicle of Gladbach Abbey = Chronica abbatiae Gladbacensisa .
He later joined the Bergisches Geschichtsverein founded in 1863 . He dedicated an obituary to him in its 1883 edition, which is almost identical to the biography in the ADB. It ends with the words: He died on his country estate in the morning of January 12th, 1883 and on the third day was escorted to the grave in the Gerresheim churchyard by a small but selected group of friends. His memory will be honored!
His tomb is still in the Gerresheimer Waldfriedhof today . There he, his wife and his family are remembered:
- Anton Fahne (February 28, 1805 - January 12, 1883)
- Julie Fahne, b. Stommel (March 18, 1813 - December 12, 1888)
- Emma Pflaum, b. Flag (March 27, 1836 - June 8, 1905)
- Max Pflaum (born January 25, 1841 - † December 26, 1908)
- Otto Pflaum (born May 3, 1876 - January 21, 1934)
- Margot Deis, widow. Pflaum (born September 21, 1885 - † January 18, 1949)
Two street names, namely Fahneburgstrasse and Anton-Fahne-Weg , are still reminiscent of Anton Fahne in Düsseldorf today.
Fahnes genealogical and historical work in the reception
In 1858, Fahne noted in a footnote on his history of the Westphalian families :
- I've been working 16 hours a day for 21 years now. This for the inclined consideration, because otherwise it would attract attention and may seem impossible to deliver such works that only one can work on alone in such a short time.
In fact, Fahne soon came under fire for his competence and diligence in the fields of historical research and genealogy. Eventually, accusations of deliberate forgery were even raised. A few examples should illustrate this:
The archive of the city of Dortmund must have been in a very chaotic state during Fahnes lifetime, and so one reads in the annual report of the historical association for Dortmund and the county of Mark :
- The archive was difficult to access, poorly known and even poorer publicized, badly organized and exposed to ruin .
From there, Fahne held documents and files in his possession, which he apparently did not return voluntarily. Karl Rübel , who was entrusted with looking after the archive on July 1, 1873, wrote in 1910:
- The clarification of some inaccuracies in Fahn's imprints was initially made more difficult because Fahne had retained a not inconsiderable number of Dortmund archives, which he had used in his publications, until 1876 and only returned them to the Dortmund archives upon request from Dortmund.
Years before, Rübel had already begun to dismantle the inaccuracy and forgery-riddled publications by Fahnes in various articles that he published in the articles on the history of Dortmund and the Grafschaft Mark . The constant mixing of actually verifiable documents and files with those that do not exist, but also the bold assertion of false contents of verifiable sources appears particularly ingenious. In addition, Fahne made amateurish mistakes, almost entirely incorrectly resolving medieval dating . Rübel gives an example:
- The wrong way of dating Fahnes is based on the fact that Fahne always resolves “feria secunda” instead of dissolving as Monday as “second day after” and carries out the other dissolutions in the same way.
Fahne also seems to have dealt very creatively with the truth in the field of archeology. So he reports in the barons of Hövel about an excavation find:
- The first message about the spot on which the proud imperial city of Dortmund later rose is linked to a death urn, the illustration of which I am following here. It was found in 1856 when the foundations of the large beer brewery were being excavated, which was built on the grounds of the former Grafenhof almost immediately next to the still existing ancient house of the Dortmund Counts.
He followed up with a precise description of the urn and compared it with other archaeological finds that were published at that time and recognized as Roman remains . It stood six feet below the ground and was filled with ashes and burned bones; in this condition it is still currently in my collection. Rübel says: “A find like the one that Fahne claims to have acquired would have to be mentioned in the most widely read Dortmund newspaper, the 'Dortmunder Kreisblatt'. In the year 1856, however, there is no note about a find that Fahne claims to have made. "
In comparison, a publication by Fahnes from 1853 in Schloss Roland appears interesting . There he reports on the construction work on his flag castle:
- When the hill on the Fahnenburg was leveled on May 18, 1849 for the foundations of the southern wing, several ash jars were found. The first, which was found, stood about 5 feet below the surface in the yellow sand, as it is found naturally everywhere there, the second, however, only 1½ feet deep. As the shards prove, both were raw made of clay and baked, and had partly a blackish, partly a reddish color. They had become rotten and soft from the moisture in the earth, and therefore crumbled in the hands of the workers when they tried to lift them out of the earth. By exercising greater caution, the two urns discovered later were preserved as far as possible. Both were also only 1½ feet below the ground, on the slope of the mountain, without being announced by an external elevation. […] They were carefully stripped of the outer earth and, without being moved, exposed to the fresh air for a while. This gave them their almost original strength in a short time and could now be used to examine the contents. Aside from fallen earth, it consisted only of ash and a few bones.
This portrayal further adorned Fahne in Die Fahnenburg in 1873 . In the course of the renovations and extensions in 1856 and 1857, other finds were allegedly made, which he described in great detail. In fact, excavation finds are proven in Düsseldorf-Rath; Whether this flag inspired him to give in to his inclination to detailed narrative portrayal of historical events, also described by Merx, and to let his imagination run wild, remains to be clarified for the time being. In any case, the extensive correspondence between the descriptions of the excavation finds in Rath and Dortmund is striking, especially since they are in a narrow temporal context: It is a wonderful story that Fahne tells here; it is just a shame that when reading through it one immediately starts to doubt whether it corresponds to the truth.
Much in Anton Fahne's life remains unclear, for the time being his own origins. Fahnes biographer in the ADB does mention his date of birth and the place, but does not comment on his parents' house or the social circumstances from which he came. Fahne himself, whose genealogical work is of immense scope and whose focal points seem to be determined by the family environment of his wife, has published nothing on his own ascendancy .
His professional career, which so far can only be reproduced using the old biography of Schell and the obituary in the journal of the Bergisches Geschichtsverein, raises many questions.
One can hardly avoid the assumption that Fahne achieved a not insignificant social appreciation through his marriage to Julie Stommel. It became his purpose in life not to forfeit this status again through the general political and social change and he did everything in his power to emphasize the importance of the old noble families, who were the bearers of the old social order and thus also the history of Rhenish-Westphalia for his peers get and if possible increase. In the end, he was even able to use means such as (falsifying) forgery and “completing” historical documents. Again and again, as the dispute over the Düsseldorf School of Painting showed, he tried to protect and preserve Rhenish-Westphalian values against the "Eastern" ones. This probably came about from the deeply felt threat that they would sink to insignificance under the powerful but distant Prussian government.
Fahnes historical and genealogical work is and remains controversial. Genealogists and historians striving to use scientific methods avoid any recourse to his work today, as they did during Fahne's lifetime. The embellished genealogies and idealized historiography still meet many today who want to look back proudly on the importance of their ancestors for local history.
On the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Historical Association for the Lower Rhine , Heinz Finger put it in a nutshell in 2004:
- In the provisional board of directors, which was installed at the founding meeting on May 17, 1854, Fahne, who was later recognized as a creative historian with forgery characteristics, still held the office of vice-president. Fortunately for the club, he soon resigned from his position.
Historical archive of the city of Cologne
Most of the legacy of his genealogical / historical work was in the historical archive of the city of Cologne .
- As early as July 28, 1855, the Cologne City Council decided to accept archival gifts from Fahnes, who, after evaluating them, wanted to transfer the sources to the archive responsible for the subject matter and location. After Fahne's death, negotiations initially failed because of a closed takeover of the collection, but in 1891 Leonard Korth recorded the Coloniensia for issue 20 of the messages from the Cologne City Archives at the Fahnenburg near Düsseldorf . In February 1900 the collection could then be bought. At that time, the shrine items were removed and Hermann Keussen added them to the other shrine books . Likewise, the wills of the relevant department of the archive were classified, and some of the documents were also placed in the main document archive. All of these items have been left there, but have been included in the present listing ; An asterisk behind the signature indicates that they are not stored in the flag inventory today, but under the specified second signature. Only the shrine items could not be taken into account, as no indications of their whereabouts have been received in individual cases; reference can only be made here to Korth's description.
- The files were recorded in a repertory when they were taken over by Johannes Krudewig . This directory has just been completed in the following and especially extended by proper name lists after the volumes provided, no pagination or foliation existed, were durchfoliiert. A large number of volumes were already missing at that time; its content could no longer be determined either; the finding aids from Fahne itself are useless because no concordance about the former and current signature can be proven.
- Some provenances can be assumed in the Fahne collection , including a. Fragments from the archives v. Reifferscheidt, v. Enschringen, Rave and the Kreuzberg court.
Archive of the University and State Library Düsseldorf
The archive of the University and State Library in Düsseldorf contains 1/8, order no. 254, Legacy Library Fahne auf der Fahnenburg, 1934–1942 (presignature: Alte Aken 90) a typewritten note on a sheet of paper, according to which in 1934 a Dr. Stommel negotiated with the then state and city library about Anton Fahne's remaining library estate.
- August 3, 1934
- Dr. Stommel (Tel. 31524) says that for some time he has been looking through the library at the Fahnenburg, which was left by Fahne. He wants to pay attention to everything that might be of interest to the state and city library and offer it to the library for sale first.
- The library is no longer in its old closed condition, but Herr Pflaum occasionally, when he needed money, sold individual items from it, and above all, unfortunately, completely destroyed Fahnes closed genealogical collection. The handwritten register of a nobleman from the Lower Rhine, which Mr. Pflaum offered us shortly before his death, is still available. Letters and manuscripts from Hoffmann von Fallersleben are also still there. The handwritten collection is owned by Dr. Stommel not yet looked closely. He wants to work through everything gradually and report.
Apparently there was no further contact. A long list of follow-up appointments and unsuccessful calls are evidence of this.
City Archives Düsseldorf
In the archive of the city of Düsseldorf there is an autograph document by Anton Fahne, which cannot be described in detail at the moment. There is also a picture of Haus Fahneburg [sic!] In the picture archive under the call number 035-185.
Genealogical and historical works
- History of the noble von Stommel family in their various lines on the Rhine, in Hesse and in the Wetterau , printed as a manuscript, Wolf'sche Buchdr. Voss, Düsseldorf 1845 ( digitized version ).
- History of the Cologne, Jülich and Bergisch families in family tables, coats of arms, seals and certificates . Heberle, Cologne 1848 ( digitized edition ).
- The Princely Elten Monastery, from authentic sources , 1850.
- The county and free imperial city of Dortmund , 4 volumes in 5 departments, 1854-1859.
- Fahne, Anton [Hrsg.], Melle, Jacob von, Die Westphalen in Lübeck , 1855. Digitized edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf
- Statutory law and legal antiquities of the free imperial city of Dortmund . Cologne u. a .: Heberle, 1855. ( digitized version )
- History of the Westphalian families with special consideration of their relocation to Prussia, Curland and Liefland, with almost 1200 coats of arms and more than 1300 families , 1858. ( digitized edition )
- The lords and barons v. Hövel and genealogy of the families from which they took their wives (history of one hundred Rhenish, Westphalian, Dutch and other outstanding families) , 3 volumes in 4 departments, 1856-1860. Digitized edition
- The dynasts, barons and counts of Bocholtz, along with the genealogy of the families from which they took their wives, with documentary evidence from A. Fahne von Roland , 4 volumes in 5 departments, 1856–1863.
- History of the counts, current princes of Salm-Reifferscheid, as well as their countries and seats, together with the genealogy of the families from which they took their wives , 2 volumes in 3 departments, 1858–1866. Digitized
- Research in the field of Rhenish and Westphalian history , 5 volumes in 8 departments, 1864–1876.
- The Cologne Cathedral in its surroundings. Two topographical images from the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries; collects news about the shrines and the last Cologne court system. Heberle, Cöln 1864 digitized
- The Düsseldorfer Schützen and the Cölner Gewandzunft. Heberle, Cöln 1864 digitized
- Two Cologne oath books, the first constitutional codes of the imperial city of Cologne. Heberle, Cöln 1867 digitized
- The Fahnenburg and its picture gallery, looking back at the history of its surroundings , 1873. Digitized edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf
- The Landwehr or the limes imperii romani on the Lower Rhine , in: Journal of the Bergisches Geschichtsverein , Düsseldorf, 1867.
- The end of the infirmary in western Germany , in: Journal of the Bergisches Geschichtsverein , Düsseldorf, 1874.
- New contributions to the limes imperii Romani Germaniae secundae and Culturhistorisches , in: Zeitschrift des Bergisches Geschichtsverein , Düsseldorf, 1878. Digitized edition
- Livonia, a contribution to the history of the Church and Morals , 1875.
- Monuments and genealogical tables in Rhineland and Westphalia , 6 volumes, 1875–1883.
Chronicles and document books of outstanding families, donors and monasteries , Heberle: Cologne 5 volumes, 1862–1880. ( Digitized version )
- Volume 1, 1862 document book of the Meschede family ( digitized version )
- Volume 2, 1876 document book of the sex Momm or Mumm ( digitized version )
- Volume 3, 1874 document book of the Spede or Spee family ( digitized )
- Volume 4, 1878 document book of the sex Momm or Mumm ( digitized )
The dynasts, barons and counts of Bocholtz : along with genealogy of those families from which they took their wives . Heberle: Cöln ( digitized version )
- 1.1 History of the different sexes Bocholtz with special consideration of the old geography, legal, moral and cultural history of the Lower Rhine. 1863
- 1.2 History of one hundred and six Rhenish, Dutch and Westphalian outstanding families. 1859
- 2 Document book = Codex diplomaticus gentis Bocholtanae. 1860
- 3 Chronicle of Gladbach Abbey = Chronica abbatiae Gladbacensis. 1856
- 4 The revocations, grave and memorials of the Count's family von Bocholtz, together with the revocations and knight's slips of the upper quarter of Gelderland, a historical introduction and an instruction to trace the ancestral tables of the past to present forms. 1857
- Research in the field of Rhenish and Westphalian history. Heberle, Cologne
- Cologne Cathedral, its description and historical development , Düsseldorf, 1880.
Political and other writings
- The Düsseldorf School of Painter in the years 1834, 1835 and 1836 , Düsseldorf, 1837. Digitized edition
- My writing 'Die Düsseldorfer Malerschule' and its opponents , Düsseldorf, 1837. Digitized edition
- Something about insults of honor with special consideration of the exceptio veri, the insult by denunciation and in office according to common French. and prussia. Rights , Düsseldorf, 1838. Digitized edition
- The cap high, the Düsseldorf Carnival friends for the honorary diploma , Düsseldorf, 1840.
- Diplomatic contributions to the history of the master builders of Cologne Cathedral and the artists involved in this work , Düsseldorf, 1843. Digitized edition
- Diplomatic contributions to the history of the builders of the Cologne Cathedral and the artists who were active in this work: with documents, architectural images and a map . 2nd edition Schreiner, Düsseldorf 1849. Digitized edition
- The State Office and the Laws of March 29, 1844 , Düsseldorf, 1845.
- Political Jesuitism in the new Prussian hunting law, a contribution to the characteristics of the Berlin National Assembly and its spokesmen , Cologne, 1849. Digitized edition
- On the duty of the state to compensate the Rhenish hunting owners on the right bank of the Rhine , 2nd edition, Berlin, 1851. Digitized edition
- Memorandum for the speedy enactment of a law on compensation for the hunting owners affected by the law of October 31, 1848 , Düsseldorf, 1851. Digitized edition
- From the work of a local council , Düsseldorf, 1851. Digitized edition
- Hasenclever's illustrations for the Jobsiade . 2nd edition Heberle, Bonn [u. a.] 1852. Digitized edition
- Schloss Roland, its picture gallery and art treasures, with copperplate engravings, lithographs, etc. Woodcuts by Ernst Frölich, TW Th. Jansen [u. a.] as well as with the monograms d. Artist , Cologne, 1853.
- The Carneval, with regard to related phenomena, a contribution to the history of churches and customs , Cologne, 1854.
- Presentation of the Justice of the Peace Fahne on the elevation of the community of Rath, mayor Eckamp, to a separate mayor , Düsseldorf, 1854. Digitized edition
- Invitation to participate in the historical association of the Lower Rhine, including the entire former Archdiocese of Cologne, [together with] statute , Düsseldorf, 1854. Digitized edition
- Petition from the Gerresheim City Council regarding the relocation of the tax treasury from the seat of the Gerresheim Peace Court to the remote village of Benrath, at the far end of the district . Kaulen, Düsseldorf 1862 Digitized edition
- Answer to the decisions of the ministries of finance and justice on the part of the city council of Gerresheim, as an addendum to its petition regarding the transfer of the tax treasury from the seat of the peace court to the distant village of Benrath , [Düsseldorf], 1863. Digitized edition
- Brief history of the government district of Düsseldorf , Düsseldorf, 1864.
- Brief establishment of a new theater building in Düsseldorf , Düsseldorf, 1864. Digitized edition
- The Dathans, now Count v. Dattenberg, the third oldest sex on earth , Prague, 1867.
- Düsseldorf's museum, Dusseldorf , 1876. Digitalisat the ULB Dusseldorf
- Writings and music by A. Fahne, which can be obtained from the publishing house of JM Heberle (H. Lempertz) in Cologne . Stahl, Düsseldorf after 1860. Digitized edition .
- Report on the works of Justice of the Peace A. Fahne . Voss, Düsseldorf after 1862. Digitized edition .
- Historical archive of the city of Cologne, Anton Fahne estate (February 16, 2006).
- Franz-Dietrich von Recum: The nobility genealogy production of Anton Fahne. In: Communications from the West German Society for Family Studies 40 = 90/2002, Issue 8, pages 239–241.
- Karl Rübel : To identify the Fahnesche publications about Dortmund history. In: Historischer Verein für Dortmund und die Grafschaft Mark (ed.), Contributions to the history of Dortmund and the Grafschaft Mark , 18/1910, here pp. 283–299.
- Karl Rübel: Fahnesche forgeries. In: Historischer Verein für Dortmund und die Grafschaft Mark (ed.), Contributions to the history of Dortmund and the Grafschaft Mark , 22/1913, here pp. 118–121.
- Otto Schell : Flag, Anton . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 48, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1904, pp. 483-485.
- Literature by and about Anton Fahne in the catalog of the German National Library (incomplete, compare the literature lists listed here.)
- Works by and about Anton Fahne in the German Digital Library
- ^ Friedrich Noack : The Germanness in Rome since the end of the Middle Ages . Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1927, Volume 2, p. 168
- ↑ Stommel, family tree 2
- ↑ Max Stern : Foreword . In: Julius-Stern-Kunst-Auktionshaus (Ed.): Paintings of old and new masters: Collection of the historian A. Fahne, Jagdschloss Fahnenburg and German museum and private property. December 3, 1932 (Catalog No. 7) . Düsseldorf 1932 ( digitized )
- ^ Johann Josef Scotti: The Düsseldorf painter school, or art academy . Schreiner, Düsseldorf 1837 ( digitized version )
- ^ Heinrich von Treitschke : German history in the nineteenth century . Volume 4: Until the death of King Friedrich Wilhelm III. Leipzig 1889, p. 553 ( digitized version )
- ↑ Sabine Schroyen: “A true brotherhood seems to reign among them.” The artists' association Malkasten and its international members . In: Bettina Baumgärtel (Hrsg.): The Düsseldorf School of Painting and its international impact 1819–1918 . Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2011, ISBN 978-3-86568-702-9 , Volume 1, p. 277 (text and figure 5)
- ↑ a b Otto Schell : Flag, Anton . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 48, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1904, pp. 483-485.
- ^ Wieland Koenig, Stadtmuseum Düsseldorf (Ed.): Düsseldorfer Gartenlust . Exhibition catalog, Düsseldorf 1987, p. 32 f.
- ↑ NN: Anton flag. In: Journal of the Bergisches Geschichtsverein , 19/1883, pages 207–211.
- ^ Günter Högel: Reopening of the Dortmund City Archives. Tradition and future. In: Der Archivar, Issue 4, 52/1999, online version (February 16, 2006)
- ↑ a b c d Rübel 1910, pp. 283 ff., 298
- ↑ Fahne, Hövel, p. 45
- ↑ Flag, Schloss Roland, p. 5f.
- ↑ Fahne, Fahnenburg, p. 71ff.
- ↑ Otto Merx: The Rhenish-Westphalian historian and genealogist A. Fahne as a forger of history. In: Historischer Verein für Dortmund und die Grafschaft Mark, 22/1913, here pp. 319–349
- ↑ Heinz Finger: Anton Josef Binterim, the "spiritual father" of the historical association for the Lower Rhine. In: AHVN 207/2004, p. 61
- ^ Anna-Dorothee von den Brincken: The Lückger and Flag collections in the Cologne City Archives , adR: Communications from the Cologne City Archives, Cologne, 1965., p. 10
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Flag, Anton F.|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German lawyer who was also active as a historian, genealogist, writer and art collector|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 28, 1805|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Muenster|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 12, 1883|
|Place of death||Dusseldorf|