Educational history

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The history of education or, more often, historical educational research, as a research field at the intersection of history and educational science, deals with changes in the educational system in connection with historical and social changes. It is operated by representatives of both disciplines, with the focus on concepts and justifications for upbringing and education .

New self-image and topics

The modern history of education has a different self-image than the traditional history of pedagogy , which primarily considered and interpreted the ideas of the so-called great educators. Instead, the focus is on analysis and criticism of educational traditions and their effects, sometimes with quantitative-statistical studies. A current example is the analysis of the causes of the failure of many educational reforms because of the school's own logic, its “grammar”, by David Tyack and William Tobin. Another is the cyclical alternation of overcrowding and deficiency in the number of higher education graduates, based on educational statistics. In terms of sources, in addition to the normative texts, all " ego documents " from past résumés are of interest . Pre-modern education is also coming into focus, especially in the early modern period the complex process of increasing literacy and compulsory schooling , in which denominational and economic factors are important. The work is international and comparative oriented (see the International Standing Conference for the History of Education ).

The history of education deals not only with school and university history , but also pre-school education , non-school youth education , vocational education , political education and adult education in their historical aspects. There are special chairs for educational history at German-speaking universities and colleges of education.

Important aspects are the educational system and institutions, the participants and their entitlements, funding, curricula, teacher training and staffing, as well as the central goals and educational theories .

See also

Portal: Education  - Overview of Wikipedia content on education


  • Heinz-Elmar Tenorth : Historical educational research . In: Rudolf Tippelt : Handbuch Bildungsforschung , Opladen 2002, pp. 123–140.
  • Henri-Irénée Marrou : History of Education in Classical Antiquity . Translation from French, ed. by R. Harder, Freiburg, Munich 1957 (also dtv, Munich 1986, ISBN 3423042753 ).
  • Nathalie Kruppa, Jürgen Wilke (ed.): Monastery and education in the Middle Ages. Vandenhoeck u. Ruprecht, Göttingen 2006, ISBN 3525358717 .
  • Gerhard Petrat: School lessons. His social history in Germany 1750-1850 . Munich 1979.
  • Detlef K. Müller / Fritz K. Ringer / Brian Simon (eds.): The Rise of the Modern Educational System . Cambridge / Paris 1987.
  • Heinrich Bosse: Educational Revolution 1770-1830 . Edited with a conversation by Nacim Ghanbari (Siegen series. Contributions to literature, language and media studies 169). Heidelberg 2012.
  • Otto Hansmann: The education of humans and the human race. A challenging synopsis from the 18th century to the present . Logos publishing house. Berlin 2014

Handbook of the German history of education .

Yearbook of historical educational research .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The Grammar of Schooling. Why it has been so hard to change? In: AERJ 1994.
  2. Hartmut Titze : The academic cycle. Historical research into the recurrence of overcrowding and shortage in academic careers . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1990, ISBN 3-525-36224-2 .
  3. Schindling, Anton .: Education and Science in the Early Modern Age: 1650-1800 . 2nd edition Oldenbourg, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-486-56422-6 .