Boat building

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Ship for repair on land

With boat building is defined as the production of boats by boat builders in general. Materials used in modern boat building are FRP ( fiber-reinforced plastic , mostly FRP ), wood, steel and aluminum. Boats are manufactured in single, small series or series construction. It mainly serves the leisure sector, as well as the commercial sector (transport and passenger shipping, professional fishing) and the state sector (official vehicles). In some companies, non-resident forms and parts are made from the materials used, which also results in specializations. Some shipyards use this as a financial pillar.

The boat building area includes the service on the boat, the maintenance of the boat itself (hull, superstructure, rig) and all installed systems (gas, plumbing, engine, electrics), transport, winter storage and wintering, installation of technical, electrical and sanitary systems, Repair, restoration, interior work and new construction. Shops are often tied to shipyards in which, for example, sailing accessories, fittings, sailing clothing and electronics are sold.


The history of boat building probably goes back to the Paleolithic Age (from 120,000 to 60,000 BC), exact details are not yet known. The forerunners of today's boats come from hollowed-out tree trunks, some of which are still made today by the indigenous people in Borneo and Papua New Guinea . The later wooden ships probably developed from the dugout canoes by increasing the edge of the ship (→ pirogue ). The Egyptian and later especially the Chinese culture built large, impressive ships for trade and transport. The Chinese admiral Zheng He made long journeys in the Pacific and Indian Oceans as early as 1405.

Large shipyards did not emerge until the industrial revolution began. For the first time, steel or aluminum were also used for the hulls.

Boat building on Samos , Greece

Today, sports boats are mainly manufactured in large companies and made of GRP , while the wood that was predominant until the post-war period was hardly used any more. However, some smaller boatyards have specialized in the manufacture and repair of wooden boats (some with modern construction methods).

see also history of shipbuilding , history of seafaring

Boat building

Modern yacht construction mainly uses so-called glass fiber reinforced plastic (GRP) as the basic material for the hull and deck. Carbon fiber reinforced plastics or aramid are also used for high-performance racing yachts, but these are much more expensive than GRP and are therefore still relatively rare.

Well-known boatyards


  • Detlef Jens: The classic yachts. Vol. 2: The plastic revolution. Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft, Hamburg, 2007, ISBN 978-3-7822-0945-8 .

See also

Web links

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