Christoph Cölestin Mrongovius

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Christoph Cölestin Mrongovius.
Monument to Christoph Cölestin Mrongovius in Gdansk

Christoph Cölestin Mrongovius (Polish Krzysztof Celestyn Mrongowiusz , born July 19, 1764 in Hohenstein in the Kingdom of Prussia ; † June 3, 1855 in Danzig ) was a Protestant pastor, writer, philosopher, linguist, teacher and translator.

Mrongovius was born in Hohenstein near Osterode in East Prussia . He went to school in Saalfeld and began studying in Königsberg in 1782 , where he got in touch with the philosopher Immanuel Kant , who was then active in Königsberg : Mrongovius attended several lectures by Kant, a. a. on metaphysics, logic and anthropology, and wrote transcripts that z. T. are still preserved. Between 1790 and 1796 Mrongovius worked at the Collegium Fridericianum as a teacher of the Polish and Greek languages.

In 1796 he married Wilhelmina Luise Paarmann. In 1798 he took over the Polish-speaking pastoral care in the Annenkapelle , a chapel of the former Franciscan monastery, which had been part of the Evangelical Trinity Congregation since the Reformation . In addition to his pastoral work, he worked as a high school teacher for Polish from 1812 to 1817 and also gave lessons in Greek, Kashubian , Czech and Russian.

Mrongovius was considered to be one of the outstanding experts and disseminators of Slavic culture in Danzig and the wider East Prussian area. He wrote German-Polish and Polish-German dictionaries and in 1805 wrote Polish language teaching for Germans . He owned a collection of over 1,000 valuable books, including original manuscripts, which are now in the Gdansk library.

In 1947 the Masurian city ​​of Sensburg ( Masurian Ządźbork ) was renamed Mrągowo by the People's Republic of Poland after him .

Individual evidence

  1. Christoph Cölestin Mrongovius: Polish language teaching for Germans, along with a Polish noun clator and conversation book. Friedrich Nicolovius, Königsberg 1805.


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