Christoph Cölestin Mrongovius
Christoph Cölestin Mrongovius (Polish Krzysztof Celestyn Mrongowiusz , born July 19, 1764 in Hohenstein in the Kingdom of Prussia ; † June 3, 1855 in Danzig ) was a Protestant pastor, writer, philosopher, linguist, teacher and translator.
Mrongovius was born in Hohenstein near Osterode in East Prussia . He went to school in Saalfeld and began studying in Königsberg in 1782 , where he got in touch with the philosopher Immanuel Kant , who was then active in Königsberg : Mrongovius attended several lectures by Kant, a. a. on metaphysics, logic and anthropology, and wrote transcripts that z. T. are still preserved. Between 1790 and 1796 Mrongovius worked at the Collegium Fridericianum as a teacher of the Polish and Greek languages.
In 1796 he married Wilhelmina Luise Paarmann. In 1798 he took over the Polish-speaking pastoral care in the Annenkapelle , a chapel of the former Franciscan monastery, which had been part of the Evangelical Trinity Congregation since the Reformation . In addition to his pastoral work, he worked as a high school teacher for Polish from 1812 to 1817 and also gave lessons in Greek, Kashubian , Czech and Russian.
Mrongovius was considered to be one of the outstanding experts and disseminators of Slavic culture in Danzig and the wider East Prussian area. He wrote German-Polish and Polish-German dictionaries and in 1805 wrote Polish language teaching for Germans . He owned a collection of over 1,000 valuable books, including original manuscripts, which are now in the Gdansk library.
- Christoph Cölestin Mrongovius: Polish language teaching for Germans, along with a Polish noun clator and conversation book. Friedrich Nicolovius, Königsberg 1805.
- Gerhart Schröter, Ernst Eichler : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 18, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-428-00199-0 , p. 248 f. ( ).
- Mirosław Żelazny, Werner Stark: On Krzysztof Celestyn Mrongovius and his notebooks based on Kant's lectures . In: Reinhard Brandt, Werner Stark (Eds.): Kant Research , Vol. 1: New autographs and documents on Kant's life, writings and lectures. Hamburg 1987, pp. 279-292.
- Works by and about Mrongovius in the bibliography portal LitDok East Central Europe
|SURNAME||Mrongovius, Christoph Cölestin|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Mrongowiusz, Krzysztof Celestyn (Polish)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Protestant pastor, writer, linguist and translator|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 19, 1764|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hohenstein (now Olsztynek )|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 3, 1855|
|Place of death||Danzig|