Corning (New York)
Aerial view of Corning
|Location in New York|
|State :||United States|
|State :||new York|
|County :||Steuben County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||11,183 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||1,397.9 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||8.4 km 2 (approx. 3 mi 2 ) of
which 8.0 km 2 (approx. 3 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||276 m|
|Postcodes :||14830, 14831|
|Area code :||+1 607|
|GNIS ID :||978867|
|Mayor :||William M. Boland Jr.|
Two landmarks of the city: in the foreground the headquarters of the company Corning Inc., behind it "Little Joe"
Corning is the most important city in Steuben County in the US state of New York . Corning has a population of around 11,000. If you include the politically independent suburbs of Painted Post and Gang Mills , which merge more or less directly into the built-up area of Corning, one reckons with 17,210 inhabitants in the immediate Corning Area .
The city's strongest economic factor is the glass industry. In addition to the specialty glass manufacturer Corning Inc., there are also numerous (art) glass blowing companies based in Corning . Corning is home to a community college and the Corning Museum of Glass .
Corning is on the banks of the Chemung River. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of 8.5 km² (3.3 mi²). 8.1 km² (3.1 mi²) of this is land area, 0.4 km² (0.2 mi²) is water area. The Chemung River is formed directly west of Corning, at Painted Post, by the union of the Cohocton River and Tioga River.
The river, which was an important source of energy in the early history of the city, still makes up part of the natural beauty of the region today. Since it is surrounded by chains of hills from which rainwater quickly runs into the valley, it has always tended to flood. The worst flood in the recent past occurred in 1972 when extreme rainfall quickly fell in the region as a result of Hurricane Agnes. The entire downtown area was flooded and badly damaged. During the reconstruction, the opportunity was used for a - moderate - expensive renovation and restructuring ( gentrification ) of the town center.
The Chemung Valley, originally inhabited by scattered Indian peoples such as the Iroquois , saw the arrival of the first white settlers in 1789, who first made a living from agriculture , but then soon from logging and rafting .
When the towns of Corning and Knoxville were united to form the "City of Corning" in 1890, the local industry was already very busy. The greatest success was the Corning Glass Works, founded in 1851 by Armory Houghton Sr., renamed "Corning Inc." in 1989 and remaining the most important employer in the region to this day. Armory Houghton Sr. was the grandfather of feminist Katharine Martha Houghton Hepburn , who in turn was the mother of actress Katharine Hepburn .
Since 1825, Corning was connected to inland shipping via the Chemung Canal and since 1895 to the railroad network and thus flourished as a trading center. On July 4, 1912, a serious railway accident occurred near Corning : An express train drove into the end of a special train that had come to an unscheduled halt . 39 people died, 86 were also injured.
According to the 2000 Census, the population of Corning comprises 10,842 people (4,996 households, 2,667 families, 5,509 residential units). The population density is 1346 / km².
In terms of demography, Corning differs little from other cities of comparable size in the region, but the number of poor households is slightly higher.
93.94% of the population are white, 2.84% colored, 1.49% Asian, 0.79% Latinos, 0.34% Native Americans , 1.38% are of other or mixed ancestry. Children under the age of 18 live in 26.2% of households, 37.6% are made up of married couples, 12.3% consist of families in which no husband is present, and 40.1% are single households (15, 5% of all households are led by single people who are 65 or older). The proportion of households in which non-family communities (e.g. unmarried couples) live together is 6.5%. Households comprise an average of 2.14 people, families 2.89 people.
23.3% of the population are younger than 18 years, 8.6% 18–24 years, 29.2% 25–44 years, 21.1% 45–64 years and 17.8% are 65 years and older. The average age is 38 years. The ratio of women to men is 100: 87.5, for adults (18 and older) 100: 83.5.
The median income is $ 32,780 per household, $ 46,674 per family, and $ 22,056 per resident. Men make an average of $ 39,805 and women $ 27,489. 13.0% of the population and 9.1% of families live below the poverty line. 18.4% of children under the age of 18 and 3.8% of the elderly (65 and older) live below the poverty line.
sons and daughters of the town
- Martin C. Ansorge (1882–1967), lawyer and politician
- Geoff Bruce (* 1953), ski racer
- Ethel Byrne (1883–1955), nurse and suffragette
- Nathan T. Carr (1833-1885), politician
- Duane Eddy (* 1938), guitarist
- Amo Houghton (1926-2020), politician
- Harry H. Pratt (1864–1932), politician
- Margaret Sanger (1879–1966), suffragette
- Miranda Schreurs (* 1963), political scientist
- Samuel Sevian (* 2000), chess grandmaster
- Guyford Stever (1916-2010), physicist, university president , and science manager
- Alice Tully (1902–1993), patron and opera singer
- Official website of the Chamber of Commerce (Engl.)
- Rockwell Museum (Engl.)
- Corning Community College (Engl.)
- Peter WB Semmens: Catastrophes on rails. A worldwide documentation. Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71030-3 , p. 41.