Cyprian Granbichler

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Cyprian Granbichler

Cyprian Granbichler (* March 1835 in Sölden ; † November 8, 1868 above the Rofenhöfe near Vent ) was an Austrian mountain guide . Together with the glacier pastor Franz Senn, he explored the Ötztal Alps , and they achieved several first ascents or first ascents .


Cyprian Granbichler was born in March 1835 as the only child of his mother in Sölden, where he also spent his youth. He learned the carpenter's trade , which he still practiced in spring and autumn in later years.

Although his call-up to the Kaiserjäger at the age of 20 failed due to flat feet , he initially worked as a tourist guide in 1861 and 1862. In these two years his tours were limited to destinations such as Gurgl , Vent , Timmelsjoch , Pitztaler Jöchl . From 1863, Granbichler used Vent as a base for his tours. At first he accompanied other guides and then from 1865 onwards he acted as an independent guide. The destinations included Similaun , Ramoljoch and Langtauferer Joch and, together with Franz Senn, the Talleitspitze , Wildspitze , Weißkugel and, as first ascents, the Finailspitze , Vernagtspitze and Kreuzspitze .


On the second day's leg of the way back from a two-week recreational stay in Merano , Granbichler and his companion Franz Senn were surprised by a change in the weather on November 7, 1868 at the Hochjoch . The descent to Vent was extremely difficult and time-consuming, even during the night, due to the large amount of fresh snow. Senn reached the Rofenhöfe almost 30 hours after leaving Kurzras . Granbichler himself collapsed exhausted shortly before the Rofenhöfe. The Rofenbauer hurrying to rescue him found Granbichler still alive, but could no longer help him.


Memorial plaque for Cyprian Granbichler at the Hochjochhospiz

The mountain path through the Rofental, which, unlike the times of Granbichler and Senn, runs on the left side of the Rofenache today , was renamed Cyprian-Granbichler-Weg in 2003. The previous name after Waldemar Titzenthaler was given up due to his deeply anti-Semitic behavior.

Memorial to Cyprian Granbichler at the place of death (view from Cyprian-Granbichler-Weg)
Inscription of the monument

In the years that followed Granbichler's death, a memorial was erected at the place of death, about 100 m above the Red Brook. Since there is no bridge over the Red Bach, it is difficult to reach, but can be recognized from today's Cyprian-Granbichler-Weg on the opposite side of the valley, approximately at the height of the valley station of the material cable car to the Vernagthütte . The inscription reads:

“In memory of the respected Cyprian Granbichler, glacier guide from Sölden, who on November 8th, 1868, after he met the Hochw. Curaten Mr. Franz Senn crossed the Hochjoch in snowstorms and avalanches, succumbed here to the excessive exertion - hikers who you pull past here, remember the man who showed so many the paths into this ice world. "


  • Munich members of the Austrian Alpine Association (ed.): From the life of a glacier guide, sheets of memory of Cyprian Granbichler, called "Cyper", Berg- u. Glacier guide to Vent im Oetzthal , Munich 1869, online , limited preview in the Google book search (free full access with registration). In it, articles by Franz Senn ( hike over the Hochjoch-Ferner on November 7th and 8th, 1868 , pp. 14–28) and Johann Stüdl ( memories of a glacier guide , pp. 29–31).
  • Martin Achrainer: "Zyper is no longer among the living". The mountain guide Cyprian Granbichler (1835–1868) from Sölden , in: Bergauf, 5/2018, pp. 62–65, online .

Individual evidence

  1. Alpine clubs together set an example against intolerance and racism. In: Alpenverein Österreich, Landesverband Tirol. Retrieved August 14, 2020 .

Web links

Commons : Cyprian Granbichler  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files