Domhütte in September 2013
|location||Mischabel group ; Canton of Valais , Switzerland ; Valley location: Randa|
|Mountain range||Valais Alps , Mischabel|
|Usual opening times||Mid-June to mid-September|
|Winter room||9 bearings|
The Domhütte is an alpine refuge of the Swiss Alpine Club , Uto section , Zurich. It is located in the Swiss canton of Valais in the Mischabel group of the Valais Alps . It mainly acts as a base when climbing the cathedral , which is highest mountain located entirely on Swiss soil. The hut also serves as the starting point for climbing six more four-thousand-meter peaks in the Mischabel group. The approach is from Randa . This ascent takes about 4½ hours and requires surefootedness and a head for heights .
The hut is managed in the summer months, during the rest of the time a winter room is available. The inauguration of the first Domhütte, then called the Festihütte , took place on July 27, 1890.
The initiative to build a hut at the foot of the cathedral came from the pastor in Randa, Josef Imboden, in 1883. He wrote a letter to the president of the Monta Rosa section of the SAC: "Climbing the cathedral absolutely needs a club hut, may the various sections of the Swiss Alpine Club join hands to create the small, necessary work." he enclosed a sketch and even a cost estimate. It took seven years until the Zurich Uto section of the SAC devoted itself to his cause and, after initial resistance from the Randa community, started building a small hut. Josef Imboden was able to personally bless this on July 27, 1890. The builder was the future hut warden Daniel Brantschen. The construction costs of the hut, which can accommodate 20 people, amounted to 4015.60 francs, at that time it was called the Festihütte .
In 1903 the stone slab roof was replaced by a sheet metal roof. In 1918 and 1919, G. Kruck rebuilt and enlarged the hut and added a porch. It now offered space for 24 mountaineers. In the 1950s, the previous hut was no longer able to cope with the rush. A new hut was built around 100 meters closer to the Festigletscher . In February 1956, the architect Jakob Eschenmoser submitted two project drafts for the new building to the Uto section: a standard solution that envisaged a building similar to that of the Täschhütte , and a revolutionary design with an irregular, polygonal floor plan. The latter was put into practice. Eschenmoser assumed that with a polygonal floor plan, significantly more sleeping places could be accommodated in a confined space, as the space required in the foot area is significantly less than that at shoulder height. Space-saving reasons were responsible for the shape of the hut, which is reminiscent of a rock crystal. The topping-out ceremony was celebrated in August 1957. The construction costs amounted to 132,367.60 francs. In 1978, also according to plans by the architect Eschenmoser, the hut was rebuilt and expanded so that it now offered 23 additional beds and a total of 75 beds.
Since the Domhütte no longer met the needs of the 21st century, a further renovation and extension was deemed imperative. In 2009 the design of the architectural office Galli & Rudolf was available. It provided for a gentle renovation of the old hut, in which the hut building philosophy of the pioneer Jakob Eschenmoser should remain visible. In addition, a new building and the redesign of the existing extension were planned. The lounge of the Eschenmoser hut has been retained and has also been expanded so that even when the hut is fully occupied, all guests can eat at the same time and do not have to eat in two shifts as before. The previous extension became the link between the old stone building and the new wooden building. The number of sleeping places remained at 75, the space available per sleeping place was increased considerably. Toilets and washrooms are now inside the hut, and there is also a shower. The construction was actually planned for 2011, but had to be canceled because the estimated costs had risen from 2.8 to 3.5 million and the additional budget had to be raised. The project was finally started in 2012, the foundation stone was laid on June 29, 2012, the inauguration of the new hut took place on July 6 and 7, 2013.
The starting point for the ascent to the hut is Randa ( Europaweg , a high-altitude trail from Grächen to Zermatt , near the Europahütte . After another quite steep section through the alpine slope, a rock ledge has to be overcome, the so-called Festiflüe . The path leads in a south-easterly direction over strips of grass, gullies and rock steps. The more difficult rocky passages are insured with iron pins, steel cables and ladders. At an altitude of 2800 meters, it flattens out again, and only last you can see the hut. From Randa you need about 4½ hours for this ascent, about 1540 meters of altitude to be mastered. The route is rated T4 on the SAC hiking scale . In the spring, the ascent is problematic before the rock passage is empty. Ski tourers have to carry the skis almost to the hut.). From the train station there, it goes up past the church and in a north-easterly direction you come across the meadows of Obermatt to the Dorfbach, the outflow of the Festigletscher. Shortly afterwards, turn right at a fork in the path and climb up in many bends through a larch forest on the slope of the Lärchberg . You are always north of the Dorferbach, which flows in an east-west direction, well above the creek bed. Shortly above the tree line, the ascent to the Domhütte crosses the
Location and tour area
The Domhütte ( orographically right side of the Mattertal valley . It lies at the height of the glacier tongue of the Festigletscher exposed to the west , a little north of the lower end of the northern lateral moraine.) is located in the Mischabel group on the
By far the most frequently undertaken high-altitude tour from the hut is the ascent of the cathedral ( ). The normal route initially leads over the Festigletscher to the Festijoch ( ), from there down to the Hohberggletscher and over the northern flank of the mountain ( WS- , 6 hours). Alternatively, the cathedral can be climbed from the Festijoch via the northwest ridge, the Festigrat ( WS + , a total of 5½ to 6 hours).
Other tours taken from the Domhütte are:
- Täschhorn ( ): The normal route from the Domhütte leads over the Festi-Kin-Lücke, Kingletscher and the uppermost part of the west-south-west ridge ( ZS- , 5 to 6 hours).
- Lenzspitze ( ): The ascent from the Domhütte takes you over the Festijoch and the Hohberg glacier to the Lenzjoch and from there over the south ridge to the summit ( ZS , 5 to 6 hours).
- Nadelgrat : After climbing the Lenzspitze, the entire Nadelgrat with Nadelhorn ( ), Stecknadelhorn ( ), Hohberghorn ( ) and Dürrenhorn ( ) are committed. Alternatively, you can also get to the Nadelgrat via the Dürrenjoch between Dürrenhorn and Hohberghorn. This can be reached from the Domhütte via Festijoch and Hohberggletscher ( WS + , 5 hours). The easiest alternative to reach the Nadelgrat from the Domhütte is via the Hohbergjoch between the Hohberghorn and the Stecknadelhorn. This is reached via Festijoch and crossing the Hohbergletscher ( WS , 4½ hours).
- Konrad Tobler: The Domhütte. A place for pioneering work. In: The Alps. Journal of the Swiss Alpine Club 10/2012, p. 45ff
- domhuette.ch: History
- Daniel Anker, Caroline Fink, Marco Volken (Eds.): Dom & Täschhorn. Mischabel crown. AS Verlag & Buchkonzept AG, Zurich 2012, p. 146f, ISBN 978-3-909111-94-7
- Domhütte: A convincing project in the starting blocks. In: www.sac-uto.ch. Swiss Alpine Club SAC, 2009, accessed December 9, 2018 .
- Reconstruction of the Domhütte stopped due to cost overruns. In: Archive.is. April 18, 2011, archived from the original ; accessed on December 8, 2018 .
- Antje Lichtenauer, Ernst Rota: Inauguration of the Domhütte 6./7. July 2013. In: THE UTO. Notices of the section Uto No. 5/2013, p. 35ff ( online )
- Michael Waeber: Walliser Alps. Area guides for hikers, mountaineers, ski tourers, climbers . 13th edition, Bergverlag Rother, Munich 2003, page 166f, ISBN 3-7633-2416-X
- Michael Waeber: Valais Alps. Area guides for hikers, mountaineers, ski tourers, climbers . 13th edition, Bergverlag Rother, Munich 2003, pages 201-204, ISBN 3-7633-2416-X
- Michael Waeber: Valais Alps. Area guides for hikers, mountaineers, ski tourers, climbers . 13th edition, Bergverlag Rother, Munich 2003, page 208f, ISBN 3-7633-2416-X
- Michael Waeber: Valais Alps. Area guides for hikers, mountaineers, ski tourers, climbers . 13th edition, Bergverlag Rother, Munich 2003, page 199f, ISBN 3-7633-2416-X
- Michael Waeber: Valais Alps. Area guides for hikers, mountaineers, ski tourers, climbers . 13th edition, Bergverlag Rother, Munich 2003, page 178f, ISBN 3-7633-2416-X