|Waters||Outside ems / Dollart / North Sea|
|Type||Combined cycle power plant|
|Primary energy||Fossil energy|
|power||approx. 2400 MW electrical net|
|Start of operations||1977|
|Chimney height||135 m|
The Eemscentrale is a combined cycle in Eemshaven in the Dutch province of Groningen . It is the oldest of currently three large power plants in the Eemshaven energy park . The energy park is located on the western edge of the Ems estuary , which merges hydrographically into the open North Sea , from which all of the park's power plants obtain their cooling water.
With its installed electric power of approximately 2.4 gigawatts the Eemscentrale is the most powerful power plant in the Netherlands, and the most powerful (after the Italian power plant Alessandro Volta ) gas power plant in Europe. With its chimney height of 135 meters, it is also the tallest structure in the province of Groningen. With appropriate weather it is clearly visible from the opposite German Krummhörn .
The power plant was built on behalf of the regional Dutch energy supply company Provinciaal Elektriciteitsbedrijf (PEB) based in Groningen. The first commissioning took place in 1976/77 as a natural gas-fired steam power plant (Block EC2), supplemented by a small gas turbine (EC1) for the black start .
From 1984, at the instigation of the Dutch government, the country's energy supply was reorganized and divided into electricity generation and transmission. In 1986 the PEB was merged with the high-voltage network operator Laagspanningsnetten NV to form the Elektriciteitsbedrijf voor Groningen en Drenthe (EGD) . In the same year, Eemscentrale was transferred to Elektriciteits-Produktiemaatschappij Oost- en Noord-Nederland (EPON) , one of the four large, newly formed Dutch power generation companies.
In 1988, block EC2 was supplemented by an upstream gas turbine and converted into a combination block with more than 100 MW of additional output. Thereafter the block was named EC20 .
In the years 1995–1997 the performance of the plant was increased again considerably by a new building. In addition to the existing power plant, five new combined cycle units (EC3 to EC7) were built. The contractor was the French plant manufacturer GEC Alsthom . The inauguration of the new power plant was carried out in 1997 by Prince Claus and the Minister of Economics, Hans Wijers .
In 2000 EPON was taken over by the Belgian energy supplier Electrabel.
From 2007 to 2009, the EC20 unit, including the gas turbine, was extensively modernized.
Shortly afterwards, from 2009 to 2011, the EC3-7 gas turbines were also modernized and equipped with a low- NO x combustion system.
In 2009 the black start gas turbine EC1, which had not been needed for a number of years, was finally shut down.
A new auxiliary boiler was installed in 2010 to enable the plant to be started up more quickly, which is typical for a peak load power plant .
The power plant consists or consisted of the following blocks:
|Steam power plant||Combination block with
upstream gas turbine
|5 × combined cycle power plant|
|Type gas turbine||AEG||-||
(131 MW el )
|GE type 9001FA single shaft|
|Type steam boiler||-||Tower once-through boiler with reheater||3-pressure waste heat boiler , manufacturer Stork Ketels|
(conversion → EC20)
|Electrical net power [MW]||23||588||695||5 × 335 = 1675|
The fuel for all units was and is natural gas . The Eemshaven site has cheap access to the Dutch natural gas pipeline network. Eemshaven is the grid entry point for Norwegian natural gas, which Eemshaven reaches directly via a pipeline through the North Sea. In the immediate vicinity of the power plant there is also a large terminal for evaporating and feeding liquefied natural gas into the network.
The power plant is directly cooled with cooling water from the Ems, so it has no cooling tower or Luko . The cooling water is drawn from the Doekegat at a depth of six meters near the Het Oude Ship radar station , and it is discharged into the Bocht van Watum .
- Eems Powerplant on Enipedia
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- CCGT Plants in the Netherlands. (No longer available online.) Industcards - Power Plants around the World, archived from the original on March 18, 2012 ; Retrieved March 2, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Eemscentrale , GDF Suez Netherlands
- Gedeputeerde Staten der Provincie Groningen (ed.): Ambtshalve wijziging vergunning wet milieubeheer aan Electrabel Nederland NV te Zwolle ten behoeve van de Eemscentrale te Eemshaven . Groningen August 17, 2004 ( full text [PDF]).
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- Eemscentrale GTCC station will generate 1675 MWe. (Netherlands gas-turbine combined-cycle power station) (includes fold-out wall chart). Article from Modern Power Systems . (No longer available online.) Highbeam Business, May 1, 1993, archived from the original on January 1, 2016 ; Retrieved March 2, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Commission authorizes the acquisition by Electrabel (Belgium) of the Dutch electricity producer EPON . European Commission press release. February 8, 2000, accessed March 2, 2012 .