Location of the place in Phillips County
|Location in Arkansas|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Phillips County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||556 (as of 2015)|
|Population density :||427.7 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||1.3 km 2 (approx. 1 mi 2 )|
|Height :||51 m|
|Postal code :||72333|
|Area code :||+1 870|
|GNIS ID :||0048832|
Elaine is a city in Phillips County , Arkansas , United States with 556 inhabitants (according to the 2015 census). She became known through the Elaine Massacre of 1919. 237 black people were probably killed by white mobs as a result of race riots . This massacre was one of the worst racial riots in US history.
Elaine is about 4 km west of the state of Mississippi . The Yellow Bank Bayou runs east of the settlement and the tributaries of the Gouvan Slough run south . The landscape is flat to hilly. In the past, cotton was mainly grown. There are now some areas where rice is grown.
Due to its proximity to the Mississippi River , Elaine's climate is influenced by the river. The warmest months of the year are April to September. The annual average temperature is 16.5 ° C. There is rainfall throughout the year. The wettest month is March and the driest month is August. The annual average rainfall is 1,326 mm.
The following table shows the average climate values:
Average Monthly Temperatures and Rainfall for Elaine, Arkansas
In 1919 two whites tried to end a gathering of black sharecroppers (tenants) who wanted to set up a farmers' association to get better terms and pay from the white landowners of the cotton plantations. When a white man was killed, hundreds of whites poured into the area and attacked the African Americans . The Governor Charles Hillman Brough asked for federal troops to the Elaine Race Riot finish. White mobs roamed the county. At least 237 blacks and five whites were killed during the riot. The troops were dispatched by President Woodrow Wilson .
At 6:15 pm on April 26, 2011, a tornado struck the Elaine area. With a wind speed of 75 miles per hour (121 km / h; 65 kn ), the tornado belonged to class EF0 . On its Path of Destruction, the tornado traveled approximately 21.5 miles (34.6 km) along US Highway 61 . The tornado crossed the state line with Mississippi and dissolved near Lula ( Coahoma County ). The tornado's path of destruction was about 200 yards (180 m) wide. Most of the damage occurred in Friars Point and Coahoma, Mississippi.
Elaine had its heyday in the 1970s when there were 1,210 residents. Since then the population has been decreasing steadily.
- John Hughey (1933-2007), country musician
- Levon Helm (1940–2012), musician
- Barry Williamson (born 1957), Texan politician
Until 2006 there was still the Elaine School District . At that time, the Lucilia Wood Elementary School and Elaine High School were operating.
- "US Map of 73 years of lynching" , New York Times, February 10, 2015, accessed February 17, 2017.
- US Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map .
- NWS Memphis Office Report
- Population 1790–2010 according to the census results
- Schools ( Memento of the original of July 3, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Marvell-Elaine School District.
- Consolidation / Annexations of LEA's (1983–2010) ( Memento of the original from September 24, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Arkansas Department of Education , March 2, 2011.
- Lucilia Wood Elementary School . Information Network of Arkansas (State of Arkansas). "100 College St. Elaine, AR 72333"
- Elaine High School . Information Network of Arkansas (State of Arkansas). Retrieved on March 2, 2011. "100 College St. Elaine, AR 72333"