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Coordinates: 67 ° 30 ′ 0 ″  S , 53 ° 0 ′ 0 ″  E

Relief Map: Antarctica
Map with the territorial claims in the Antarctic and the research stations Molodjoschnaja and Mizuho in Enderbyland at the 45th degree east

The Enderbyland ( English Enderby Land ) is a region in East Antarctica .


The Enderbyland is located in the eastern part of the Antarctic continent and borders in the east in the area of ​​the Crown Prince Olav Coast on Queen Maud Land and in the west on the Kemp coast of Mac Robertson Land . The coast stretches for several 100 km from Shinnan Glacier at 44 ° 38 'E to William Scoresby Bay at 59 ° 34' E.

The northern border forms the coast on the Southern Ocean in the area of ​​the Indian Ocean , towards the south - i.e. in the direction of the South Pole - there is no clearly defined border. The Enderbyland stands out from the neighboring regions in East Antarctica in that it protrudes relatively far into the ocean like a peninsula (up to north 66 ° S). Cape Borley forms the most exposed part of the coast ; the most important sea bays are - from west to east - Casey Bay , Amundsen Bay and Edward VIII Bay . There are some islands off the coast of Enderbyland, of which the 20 km long White Island ( 66 ° 44 ′  S , 48 ° 35 ′  E ) , discovered in 1930, is the most important. The highest point is Mount McMaster, 2830 m high ( 66 ° 47 ′  S , 51 ° 58 ′  E ).


Like the rest of East Antarctica, Enderbyland is one of the geologically oldest cratons on earth and was possibly part of the first supercontinent, Ur . For the first time a previously unknown type of rock, the enderbit , which is now named after the region , was found there.


The coast of the region was discovered in February 1831 by the English navigator John Biscoe on board the Tula . He named the area after the Enderby brothers, the owners of the London whaling company Samuel Enderby & Sons , in whose service he was. Today Australia raises territorial claim ( Australian Antarctic Territory ) to the Enderbyland; However, due to the validity of the Antarctic Treaty, this is not recognized internationally.

In 1962 the Soviet Union built the year-round station Molodjoschnaja on the western coast of Enderbyland . In it and the Japanese summer station Mizuho in the hinterland, polar research is carried out in the region today.

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Commons : Enderbyland  - collection of images, videos and audio files