Erik Acharius (born October 10, 1757 in Gävle , † August 14, 1819 in Vadstena ) was a Swedish doctor and botanist . He dealt with lichens and is considered the founder of lichenology (lichen science). Its official botanical author abbreviation is “ Oh. "
Live and act
In 1782 he moved to Lund to at the local University store his degree in medicine. Acharius was subsequently promoted to doctorate, but without having obtained a doctorate. After a few years as a practicing doctor in Skåne , Acharius was appointed doctor for the city of Landskrona in 1785 . In 1789 he became the Provincial Physician of Östergötland and in 1795 head of the newly created Kurhaus in Vadstena . There he received the authority of a professor in 1803.
His works include publications on the systematics of lichens , such as "Lichenographiae svecicae prodromus" (Linköping 1798). He completed and modified the lichen system in the writings: "Methodus, qua omnes detectos lichenes ad genera redigere tentavit" (Stockholm 1803; Hamburg 1805, 2 parts); "Lichenographia universalis" (Göttingen 1810); "Synopsis methodica lichenum" (Lund 1814).
Acharius created several scientific terms that are still in use today, including the term apothecium .
Taxa named after Acharius
Also several plant species z. B. Rosa acharii and Conferva acharii as well as the tortrix achariana butterfly species are named after him.
- G. Lagerheim: Acharius, Erik . In: Bernhard Meijer (Ed.): Nordisk familjebok konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi . 2nd Edition. tape 1 : A-Armati . Nordisk familjeboks förlag, Stockholm 1904, Sp. 96 (Swedish, runeberg.org ).
- Acharius, Erik . In: Herman Hofberg, Frithiof Heurlin, Viktor Millqvist, Olof Rubenson (eds.): Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon . 2nd Edition. tape 1 : A-K . Albert Bonniers Verlag, Stockholm 1906, p. 2 (Swedish, runeberg.org ).
- VA Poulsen: Acharius, Erik . In: Christian Blangstrup (Ed.): Salmonsens Konversationsleksikon . 2nd Edition. tape 1 : A – Arbejdergilder . JH Schultz Forlag, Copenhagen 1915, p. 131 (Danish, runeberg.org ).
- David J. Galloway: Erik Acharius and His Influence on English Lichenology. Brit. Museum, 1988, ISBN 0-565-08020-2 .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Swedish botanist and doctor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 10, 1757|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Gävle , Sweden|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 14, 1819|
|Place of death||Vadstena , Sweden|