Ferdinand Neigebaur

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Johann Daniel Ferdinand Neigebaur (born June 24, 1783 in Dittmannsdorf , † March 22, 1866 in Breslau ) was a German writer and lawyer. Numerous books come from him, especially on regional studies, travelogues and current topics.

In some cases he published anonymously, especially polemical and political writings, and under pseudonyms (including Carl Follenberg, Johann D. Mannsdorf, Daniel, Daniel Dittmann).


Neigebaur was the son of pastor Johann Daniel Neugebauer , attended grammar school in Schweidnitz and studied theology and then law at the University of Königsberg . He then began his legal career (in the Prussian civil service from 1807), became a trainee lawyer in Schweidnitz in 1810 and an assessor in Marienwerder in 1812 .

In 1813 he joined the Lützow Freikorps as an officer in the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon and became a prisoner of war, which he spent in the Limousin . There he devoted himself to learning French, obtained the Baccalaureat exam in Limoges and gathered information for his book on the province, published in 1817. After his memories of his imprisonment, published in 1816, he tried to organize a mass outbreak and only narrowly escaped court martial. In 1814 he published a memorandum on the repatriation of German prisoners of war from France and got a job in the Prussian service in the Generalgouvernement in Aachen and then as sub-prefect of Neufchâteau .

After Napoleon's defeat, he became prefect in the Prussian part of Luxembourg in 1815 and held various positions as judge in the Rhine provinces that were now part of Prussia (Higher Regional Court in Kleve 1816, Hamm 1820, Münster 1822). In Münster he belonged to the literary circle of Bernhardine von Wintgen , to which Annette von Droste-Hülshoff also belonged. He published papers on the statistics of the new provinces and the judicial reform in the Rhine provinces. In 1823 he was promoted to Dr. jur. PhD.

From 1826 he was back in Breslau. In 1832 he became district court director in Fraustadt and the secret judicial council, in 1835 director of the Criminal Senate in Bromberg and he was commissioner of the commission for the regulation of the border between Poland and Prussia. In 1842 he actually wanted to retire, but was then again unpaid Consul General of Prussia in the Danube principalities in Jassy for two and a half years . He was also very active as a writer until his death and spent the last twenty years of his life mainly traveling.

Among other things, he was active as a journalist for the new Italian republic, wrote many travel books and satires on Prussian junkers, especially Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau and his memoirs (views from a gentleman's perspective, memoirs of a deceased, Tuttolasso's walks), as well as writings critical of the church.

In 1850 he became a member of the Leopoldina . He was a member of many scientific societies (in Rome, Copenhagen, Westphalia, Transylvania, Sicily, Athens, Erfurt, Koenigsberg, etc.) and received the Prussian Order of the Red Eagle 4th class and the Russian Order of St. Stanislaus in 1835 .

Fonts (selection)

  • Letters from a Prussian officer during his captivity in France, 2 volumes, Cologne 1816, 1818
  • Description of the province of Limousin and its inhabitants. From the diary of a Prussian officer in French captivity, Berlin 1817
  • Statistics of the Prussian Rhine provinces in the three periods of their administration, 1817
  • Representation of the provisional administrations on the Rhine from 1813 to 1819 ..., Cologne 1821. Digitized
  • The old Nettelbeck, Bielefeld 1824
  • Guide for travelers in Italy . FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1826 digitized ; 2nd very improved edition. 1833 digitized ; 3rd edition Brockhaus 1840
  • Handbook for travelers in England, Hamm: Brockhaus 1829
  • Acts on the demagogic activities known under the name of the Men's Association and the Youth Association , Leipzig 1831 (as Mannsdorf and in an edition by Johann Ambrosius Barth , Leipzig 1833 as Ed. Carl Follenberg digitized )
  • History of the secret connections in Poland, Leipzig: Barth 1831
  • Schill's train to Stralsund and its end. Diary of one of his confidants . Godfr. Basse, Quedlinburg and Leipzig 1831. Digitized
  • Petronella the Polish hermit on the Anna Mountains in Upper Silesia: historical story from the time of the last unrest in Poland, Leipzig 1831
  • France, 1832
  • History of the secret connections of modern times, Leipzig: Barth, 11 booklets, 1831–1834
  • Views from the cavalier's perspective in 1835. From the papers of a deceased . Adolf Frohberger, Leipzig 1836. Digitized version (anonymous)
  • Memoirs of a Deceased . 2 volumes. CHF Hartmann, Leipzig 1835.
  • Catechism of the Münsterländer. Extract from the memoirs of a deceased person, Arnsberg 1835 (anonymous), Reprinted by Leer 1977
  • The Cavalier on his travels in 1837, Leipzig: Brockhaus 1838
  • Tuttolasso's Walks, 1839
  • Handbook for Travelers in Switzerland, 1839
  • Handbook for Travelers in Germany, Leipzig 1843
  • London, a handbook for travelers, Weber, Leipzig 1843 digitized
  • The good Prussian; an instructive reading book for elementary school, 2nd edition 1841, 11th edition Bielefeld 1846
  • Guide for travelers in France . 2. verb. Ed. Friedr. Volckmar, Leipzig 1843. Digitized
  • Prussia because of its aristocracy Germany's greatest enemy, 1850
  • Just not north! Comments on my travels in 1839 and 1840. From the memoirs of Count von S., Leipzig: Brockhaus 1840
  • The aristocratic activities for understanding the historically founded structure of society. Leipzig: Tauchnitz 1843
  • The Pope and his kingdom, or the secular and spiritual power of the Holy See, 2 parts in one volume, Leipzig 1847, 2nd edition 1848
  • The Creed of the Italian Protestant Church, Magdeburg 1855
  • Eleonore d'Olbreuse , the ancestor of the royal houses of England. Investigations into the history of her marriage to the Duke of Braunschweig-Celle and the time at that time, in particular with regard to equal marriages . Eduard Leibrock, Braunschweig 1859. Digitized
  • Description of Moldavia and Wallachia, Breslau 1848, 1854
  • Germany and the Italian question: a voice from Italy (as Giuseppe Sandrani), Breslau 1859
  • The South Slavs and their countries, Leipzig 1851
  • The Danube Principalities, Wroclaw 1854 to 1856
  • Dacien 1852
  • Russia according to Demidow in comparison with other European monarchies, Leipzig, Otto Spamer, 1852 (after Anatoli Nikolajewitsch Demidow )
  • Sicily, its political development and present conditions. Publishing office ( Arnold Ruge ), Leipzig 1848. Digitized
  • The island of Sardinia. Historical development of the present state of affairs in connection with Italy . Edited by Johannes Minckwitz. Verlag der Dyk'schen Buchhandlung, Leipzig 1853. Digitized
  • History of the imperial Leopoldino-Carolinische German academy of natural scientists during the second century of its existence, Friedrich Frommann, Jena 1860 digitized
  • Memories of the Canon Count v. W. From the beginning of the first French revolution to the present day, 1864 (memoirs)


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Calliope
  2. ^ Member entry of Johann Daniel Ferdinand Neigebaur at the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina , accessed on April 30, 2016.
  3. ^ Repertory of the Entire German Literature, Volume 5, p.10