Flavius (from Latin flavus "blond") is a Roman family name ( nomen gentile ). The plebeian gens Flavia was of little importance in the republic , but in the 1st century AD it was a Roman imperial family with the Flavians Vespasian , Titus and Domitian .
In late antiquity , the name Flavius denoted high-ranking imperial dignitaries and took on the character of a title that was placed in front of the actual name.
The feminine form of the name is Flavia . Modern variants are Flavian or Flavio .
Name bearer (selection)
- Flavius Ammausius , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Flavius Antiochus , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Flavius Betto , Roman centurion
- Flavius Iulianus , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Flavius Martinus , Roman centurion
- Gaius Flavius Fimbria (consul 104 BC) († before 91 BC), Roman politician
- Gaius Flavius Fimbria († 85 BC), Roman general
- Lucius Flavius Fimbria , Roman politician, suffect consul in 71
- Flavius Maximianus (Eques) , commander of the Cohors II Lucensium
- Flavius Maximianus (Tribune) , Tribune of the Cohors I Aelia Dacorum
- Flavius Vibianus , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Gnaeus Flavius , the scribe of Appius Claudius Caecus (around 300 BC)
- Lucius Flavius Saecularis , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Lucius Flavius Silva Nonius Bassus , Roman senator and general
- Marcus Annius Flavius Libo , Roman consul 204
- Marcus Flavius Impetratus , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Marcus Flavius Miles , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Marcus Flavius Vitellius Seleucus , Roman consul 221
- Titus Flavius Boethus , Roman suffect consul 161
- Titus Flavius Claudianus , Roman consul 179
- Titus Flavius Clemens († 95), Roman consul 95
- Titus Flavius Constans , Roman prefect
- Titus Flavius Felix , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Titus Flavius Flaccus , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Titus Flavius Italicus , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Titus Flavius Iulianus (Eques) , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Titus Flavius Iulianus , Roman suffect consul 140
- Titus Flavius Laco , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Titus Flavius Longinus , Roman suffect consul 149
- Titus Flavius Modestus , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Titus Flavius Norbanus , governor 86
- Titus Flavius Secundus , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Titus Flavius Titianus (Tribune) , Roman Officer (Imperial Era)
- Titus Flavius Sabinus (tax farmer) , Roman tax farmer and moneylender
- Titus Flavius Sabinus (suffect consul 47) (~ 8–69), Roman senator
- Titus Flavius Sabinus (suffect consul 72) , Roman military and suffect consul 69 and 72
- Titus Flavius Sabinus (Consul 82) , Roman politician and senator
- Quintus Flavius Amatianus , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Quintus Flavius Tertullus , Roman consul 133
During the imperial era, numerous people wore the noun Flavius who had obtained it as freedmen or through the granting of Roman citizenship by the Flavian emperors. These included the later Emperor Flavius Valerius Constantius Chlorus , which is why the dynasty he founded is sometimes referred to as the "second Flavian dynasty".
In late antiquity , Flavius became a de facto title: from the late 4th to the early 7th centuries, most senior officials in imperial service prefixed their actual name with a Flavius to demonstrate their membership of the imperial elite. Probably since the 4th century one had the right to replace one's gentile noun with Flavius when reaching a certain career level . Many late Roman generals were also called Flavius Merobaudes , Flavius Stilicho , Flavius Aëtius or Flavius Ricimer . The active successor states of the Western Roman Empire also carried the title at times, such as the Ostrogoth king Theodoric the Great , the Visigoth king Rekkared I or the Lombard king Authari .
- Domitian's biological son (posthumously Divus Caesar ) and his two adoptive sons Vespasian and Domitian probably also bore the Flavius name, but this can no longer be determined with certainty.
- Cf. Andras Mócsy: The name Flavius as a designation of rank in late antiquity . In: Files of the IV. International Congress for Greek and Latin Epigraphy , Vienna 1964, pp. 257–263.
- See JG Keenan: The Names Flavius and Aurelius as Status Designations in Later Roman Egypt . In: Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 11 (1973), pp. 33-63.