Francesco Hayez

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Francesco Hayez [franˈtʃesko ˈaːjets] (born February 10, 1791 in Venice , † February 12, 1882 in Milan ) was an Italian painter , history painter , lithographer and engraver .


Hayez studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia ( Academy of Fine Arts ) in Venice with Teodoro Matteini (1754–1831) and in Rome with Pelagio Palagi (1777–1860) and formed himself as a classicist in Rome under the influence of Antonio Canova out. From 1820 he stayed in Milan again, in 1821 he switched to the School of Romanticists and became their leading artist. After Hayez received the first prizes from the Academy of San Luca and the Brera , he became a professor at the latter. In later years he tried to adapt to the realistic-historical direction in large history pictures. In addition, his work consisted of biblical paintings, portraits and decorative frescoes . His paintings are distinguished by the romantic delicacy of form and truthfulness of expression, not so much by their overly soft coloring .

Many of Hayez's works contain hidden messages, mostly political backgrounds are coded allegorically. Hayez stood for the struggle for national unity ( Risorgimento ) and the romantic ideas that went with it.

Works (selection)

In his portraits he shows more photographic than artistic truth, as in Cavours. His most famous painting is The Kiss , 1859, Milan, Brera.

His main works are:



Web links

Commons : Francesco Hayez  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Guide through the Gemäldegalerie , Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, edition 1892, gives February 10th as the date of birth, the edition from 1908 writes February 11th 1791
  2. Die Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst , EA Seemann, 1882, issue 17, p. 303 gives the date of death as February 11, 1881 as a contemporary source.
  3. M. Csaki: Guide through the picture gallery , Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, 1908, p. 156
  4. My Italy - Hayez. Retrieved February 6, 2020 .