Freyberg-Eisenberg is the name of a lineage of the Swabian noble family von Freyberg . All descendants of Friedrich von Freyberg, who married at Eisenberg Castle around 1370, bear this name . The trunk has developed many branches and twigs, three of which still exist today (Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Allmendingen , Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Haldenwang and Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Jetzendorf ).
Origin of the Freyberg-Eisenberg line
Max von Freyberg, the family chronicler who brought the family history research of his father, the state official and historian Max Procop von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Jetzendorf (1789-1851) to a provisional end with his family history in 1859, presumed to be in Based on "older family chronicles" that the progenitor of the Eisenberg family and "very likely" also of the Angelberger line of the family was Heinrich von Freyberg.
It must be documented that the later Freyberg-Eisenberg line originated in Angelberg and that the Freyberg-Angelberg in turn descended from the Freyberg-Altsteusslingen. In 1343, the brothers Heinrich and Friedrich von Freyberg-Altsteusslingen bought the Angelberg estate near Tussenhausen.
Heinrich von Freyberg (* around 1310, † after 1371) now called himself "zu Angelberg". He had two sons, who in turn were given the first names Heinrich and Friedrich. Heinrich continued the Angelberg line.
His brother Friedrich (* around 1340, † May 6, 1403) became the progenitor of the Freyberg-Eisenberg line.
He was married to Anna von Hohenegg- Eisenberg by 1376 at the latest . But he was not enfeoffed with the rule of Eisenberg at this time. In 1383 or 1384, his father-in-law Bertold von Hohenegg (zu Eisenberg) died. Since the mother-in-law Anastasia von Randegg wanted to enter into another marriage, Friedrich von Freyberg had to compare himself with her in 1387 because of her genetic makeup. At this point in time, Friedrich was still not enfeoffed with the rule of Eisenberg. In the document he called himself “Fridrich von Fryberg staying setzhaft ze Burgrieden ” .
Only after the liege lord of the Eisenberg rule, Duke Leopold III. of Austria, had lost his life in the battle of Sempach in 1386 and his brother Albrecht III. Friedrich von Freyberg became the lord of Eisenberg Castle .
In 1390 he describes himself in a further document as Fridrich von Fryberg gesezzen ze dem Isenberg . In both documents Heinrich von Freyberg zu Angelberg is given as his brother and guarantor. The contracts also included: Burkard the little one from Freyberg-Steusslingen, Friedrich von Freyberg, son of the great one von Freyberg, already deceased, all knights, Eberhart von Freyberg-Achstetten, Heinrich the short one from Freyberg, son of the great one from Freyberg, and Thomas von Freyberg, son of the aforementioned brother Heinrich von Freyberg. This group of people clearly shows that Friedrich von Freyberg-Eisenberg comes from the circle of the Freybergers in Steußlingen. But it also shows that Heinrich and Friedrich were preferred as lead names, which makes research much more difficult.
From Friedrich von Freyberg-Eisenberg, the family tree of the Freyberg-Eisenberg line is undisputed. A branch was already forming under his sons. The son Friedrich (* around 1380, † soon after 1452) had his inheritance surrendered and built Hohenfreyberg Castle on the neighboring hill from 1418 to 1432 . After her he called himself Friedrich von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Hohenfreyberg . Peter von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Eisenberg (* around 1385, † 1465?) Continued the tribe.
Another branch was then created under his sons Wilhelm (* 1431, † 1498) and Sigmund († 6 August 1507). While the former continued the Freyberg-Eisenberg line, the latter became the progenitor of the Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Hopferau with its many later branches ( Allmendingen / Altheim / Jetzendorf / Justingen / Wellendingen / Worndorf ).
Wilhelm von Freyberg's heir was his son Peter von Freyberg-Eisenberg († 1530). In 1525, the rebellious peasants looted and set fire to his castle.
The Eisenberg tribe split under Peter's sons: Werner Volker (* around 1488, † April 11, 1574) retained the rule of Eisenberg (or whatever was left after the previous divisions) and continued the Freyberg-Eisenberg line to Eisenberg. Eberhard († March 28, 1564) founded a second line of the family in Raunau, which must be called Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Raunau. She has in his son Karl († April 17, 1613). the grandson Markus Sittich and the great grandson Hans Dietrich (* 1608, † May 14, 1690) continued.
The aforementioned Werner Volker called himself von Freyberg (-Eisenberg) zu Hürbel and Asch. He or his two sons Werner Hektor († before 1596) and Heinrich Volker († 1596) extended his three dominions to include the rule of Unterdiessen.
Since Heinrich Volker remained without an heir, his brother's children shared the shares that belonged to them in the four dominions:
- Eisenberg: Werner Philipp († March 12, 1621)
- Hürbel: Hans Hektor († before 1629)
- Asch: Günther Ferdinand († around 1638)
- Unterdiessen: Heinrich Wilhelm († 1631?)
These four brothers finally inherited the son of Hans Hektor, Johann Christoph von Freyberg-Eisenberg († 1668?).
Because Johann Christoph remained childless, he left his property to his “cousin” Hans Dietrich von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Raunau. Not only did he survive all his brothers, but also all other members of the Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Eisenberg and Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Raunau tribes. So he united the entire existing family property in one hand. He called himself von und zu Eisenberg, Herr zu Raunau, Hürbel, Offingen, Landstrost, Haldenwang and Wäschenbeuren . Since Eisenberg Castle above the village of Zell near Pfronten was destroyed in the Thirty Years' War, Hans Dietrich von Freyberg-Eisenberg lived in Raunau .
A division of property took place among his sons. Landstrost and Offingen remained in common ownership, while Christoph Roman († 1737) received the dominions of Hürbel and Haldenwang. He became the progenitor of the side branch of the Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Haldenwang (and Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Knöringen). His brother Franz Joseph († 1692) continued the Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Raunau tribe. He was followed by his son Franz Albert († before 1706) and his grandson Joseph Franz Eustach von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Raunau († 1779). According to the family chronicle, the latter had Niederraunau Castle rebuilt.
His son Clemens Karl, on the other hand, got into great debt and had to cede his share of Landstrost and Offingen to Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Haldenwang.
Headquarters Augsburg / Füssen
Since debts accumulated again after this sale, his son Joseph Friedrich (* July 29, 1790, † May 17, 1864) was forced to sell the Niederraunau estate. He lived in Augsburg and died in Füssen, where his son Joseph August (* January 30, 1850, † March 18, 1920) married into the Eschach estate. He also owned the site of the former Eisenberg Castle and the associated forests.
Joseph August von Freyberg-Eisenberg had three children: Maria, Ferdinand and Olga. The son had to die young in France in 1916 during the First World War. The two barons remained unmarried, Maria died in 1948. With the death of Baroness Olga von Freyberg-Eisenberg in 1952, the Raunau tribe of the Freyberg-Eisenberg became extinct.
- Albrecht Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen (1876–1943), German naval officer, most recently vice admiral and naval attaché
- Georg von Freyberg-Eisenberg (1926–2017), German farmer and politician (CSU), MdL
- Egloff von Freyberg-Eisenberg (1883–1984), Major General in the Air Force
- Karl Ludwig Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Allmendingen (* 1947), German manager and former board member of Allianz SE
- Ernst von Freyberg- Eisenberg zu Allmendingen (* 1958), German manager
- Julius Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg (1832–1912), District President in Lower Alsace
- Rudolph von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Haldenwang (1817–1887), landowner and member of the German Reichstag
- Johann Christoph von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Hopferau († 1584), prince provost of the prince provost of Ellwangen
- Johann Christoph von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Hopferau (1551–1620), prince provost of the prince provost of Ellwangen
- Johann Christoph von Freyberg- Eisenberg zu Hopferau (1616–1690) was bishop of Augsburg from 1646 to 1665
- Johann Anton II von Freyberg- Eisenberg zu Hopferau (1674–1757) was Bishop of Eichstätt from 1736 to 1757
- Karl von Freyberg (General) (1828–1919), Kgl. Bavarian General of the cavalry
- Karl von Freyberg-Eisenberg zu Jetzendorf (1866–1940), Bavarian Minister of Agriculture and member of the German Reichstag ( center )
- Maximilian von Freyberg-Eisenberg (1789–1851) was a Bavarian archivist, historian and statesman; he founded the family history of the von Freyberg family
- Schmitt, Felix: The castle on the Eisenberg: Documentation of the exposure and preservation measures 1980–1990 . Published by the Association for the Preservation of the Ruin Eisenberg e. V., 1990.
- Zeune, Joachim: Eisenberg . "Small Castle Guide Series". Burgenverlag Zeune and Koop, 1999, ISBN 3-934132-02-2 .
- Karl Theodor von Heigel: Freyberg-Eisenberg, Max Procop v. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, pp. 365-367.
- Max Freiherr von Freyberg-Eisenberg, Genealogical history of the sex of the Freiherrn von Freyberg, 1884, p. 15, handwriting, Bayer. State Library 4 Rar 684
- Gabriele von Trauchburg, The local history of the market in Tussenhausen, 2002, p. 24
- Bertold Pölcher in: Felix Schmitt, Die Burg auf dem Eisenberg, 1990, p. 26
- BayHStAM, RU Memmingen 70
- BayHStAM, RU Memmingen 86
- BayHStAM, RU Memmingen 90
- Ludwig Miller, History of the former Markte Niederraunau, special issue of the Deutsche Gaue No. 70, p. 16, Kaufbeuren, 1908.
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Volume AFV, CA Starke-Verlag, 1963, p. 78.
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Volume AFV, CA Starke-Verlag, 1963, p. 80.