Friedberg (Bad Saulgau)

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City of Bad Saulgau
Former municipal coat of arms of Friedberg
Coordinates: 48 ° 0 ′ 21 ″  N , 9 ° 25 ′ 2 ″  E
Height : 591 m
Area : 5.41 km²
Residents : 403  (2010)
Population density : 74 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 1975
Postal code : 88348
Area code : 07581

Friedberg is a suburb of the city of Bad Saulgau with 403 inhabitants (as of 2010) in the district of Sigmaringen in Baden-Württemberg .


Geographical location

Friedberg is located at around 615  m above sea level. NN about in the middle of the triangle Bad Saulgau - Mengen - Ostrach surrounded by meadows and forests. The village is about eight kilometers west of the center of Bad Saulgau. The total area of ​​the district is 541 hectares (status 2010). The Friedberger Bach, also called Friedbach , which was renatured in 2002, flows through the district . For the first time in 150 years, the beaver settled here again in 2009 , after the overall population had recovered since 2000 and it has now started to colonize the tributaries from the Danube.


Friedberg's first documentary mention dates back to 1247, when Count Mangold von Nellenburg (from the male line of the Counts von Veringen ) issued a certificate in the "Vriedeberch" castle . The village was once the center of the county of Friedberg of the same name . The same count sold the county in 1282 to King Rudolf von Habsburg for 1480 silver marks. Since Habsburg was in financial need, the county was mortgaged soon afterwards.

In 1452 it came to the Waldburg Truchsessen . As a Waldburgiesches area, Friedberg gave its name to the Waldburg-Friedberg and Waldburg-Friedberg-Scheer lines (expired in 1717).

Wirnsweiler belonged to Friedberg for a long time. By a contract of 1708 the county ceded forest rights and the property around Wirnsweiler to the Salemische Amt Ostrach , but kept the jurisdiction over Wirnsweiler, whereby the place became an island situation.

In 1785 the County of Friedberg came to the princes of Thurn and Taxis . In the same year the County of Scheer came under the same sovereignty . After the House of Thurn and Taxis was raised to the rank of imperial prince in 1695, they received the imperial and direct Prince Friedberg-Scheer county in 1787 as an imperial fief.

The princes of Thurn and Taxis received the office of Ostrach through the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , but in 1806 their property was divided: the principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen received the office of Ostrach, the kingdom of Württemberg the other property located in Upper Swabia. Friedberg and Wirnsweiler became part of Württemberg, and Wirnsweiler thus became the Württemberg enclave in Hohenzollern.

For a long time the place had two names: the upper part was Friedberg , the lower Knechtenweiler .

The community Friedberg was part of the Württemberg Oberamt Saulgau , which was renamed the Saulgau district in 1934 and in 1938 merged with most of the Riedlingen district in the Saulgau district. After its dissolution, the then independent community Friedberg became part of the Sigmaringen district on January 1, 1973.

On January 1, 1975 Friedberg was incorporated into the town of Saulgau with the hamlet of Wirnsweiler , but on January 1, 1978 the hamlet was reclassified to the surrounding community of Ostrach .

In 2009 Friedberg received bronze from the evaluation committee of the administrative district of Tübingen at the competition Our village has a future, the second highest award at the district level.

Population development

year Residents
1829 325
1961 410
1970 439
2010 403


The Friedberg parish was first mentioned in 1275.



  • 1974–1975 Erwin Oehler († February 13, 2011)


  • 1975–1990: Erwin Oehler
  • 2009 to present (2017): Eugen König.

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the former municipality of Friedberg shows a red lion in silver, holding a black stag stick in its paws.

Culture and sights


  • The Hofmuseum is a private museum established in 2001 that shows machines, equipment and other loans and donations from private individuals in a former barn.


  • The baroque parish and pilgrimage church was built from 1731 to 1733 by the famous builder of the Teutonic Order , Johann Caspar Bagnato , who also built buildings in Altshausen, Bad Buchau, Obermarchtal, Wangen and on the island of Mainau. Pastor Johann Conrad Fürst, who comes from Herbertingen, placed the order for a new building, as the old church for the Assumption of Mary had become dilapidated. On May 18, 1733, it was consecrated to Saint Mary Magdalene by the auxiliary bishop of the diocese of Constance, Franz Johann Anton von und zu Sirgenstein . For at least 250 years, the Pietà on the high altar and one of the two images of grace, namely that of the Sorrowful Mother of God dressed in black and framed with a blue cloth border , have been a destination for pilgrims. Pope Benedict XIV awarded the parish church a letter of indulgence on April 18, 1748; that was the formal beginning of the pilgrimage. The Upper Swabian Pilgrimage Route , which opened on September 21, 2008, commemorates this 250-year-old tradition in the parish of the Assumption of Mary in Friedberg .
  • In Friedberg there are a number of earth cellars in the compact tertiary Pfohsand near the hiking home. Due to their porosity, these are able to keep the same temperature in summer and winter. The Tertiary ended about 15 million years ago after a period of about 60 million years. The Pfohsand is the characteristic sediment of the Upper Sea Molasse in and around Saulgau. It is a fine sand with clay, lime and glauconite grains, the latter documenting the maritime origin of the deposit.
  • The Friedberg is an Outbound castle on a spur of the hill. It no longer existed in 1404. Today the Schlossberg terrace is the local fairground.

Natural monuments

  • A small local recreation area was created around the hiking home of the Friedberger local group of the Swabian Alb Association .

Regular events

  • The Friedberger Fasnet is actively organized by the "Narrenzunft Friedberg Burgstallknechte", founded in 1996. The fool call is "Throw it - Hai rah". The fool figure is the "Burgstallknecht".

Economy and Infrastructure

Public facilities

  • The Friedberg village community center is a place where many private, cultural and club events take place.
  • Bakehouse

Individual evidence

  1. a b Friedberg on the side of the city of Bad Saulgau; Retrieved March 17, 2011
  2. Claudia Siemens: The beaver returns . In: Schwäbische Zeitung of November 27, 2009
  3. a b c d Willbold (1998), p. 102
  4. a b Description of the Riedlingen Regional Office, 1923
  5. Paragraph 13 of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss
  6. Article 24 of the Rhine Federation Act
  7. Common Official Gazette for Baden-Württemberg 1974, page 682
  8. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 550 .
  9. Friedberg receives the second highest award . In: Schwäbische Zeitung from July 28, 2009
  10. a b c d Willbold (1998), p. 103
  11. Erwin Oehler dies at the age of 88 . In: Schwäbische Zeitung of March 17, 2011
  12. [1]
  13. Earth and landscape history . In: Hans Willbold: City of Saulgau - A small guide. A guide through the city of Saulgau and its history . ed. von Stadt Saulgau, Gebr. Edel, Saulgau July 1998, pp. 8-16


  • Friedberg . In: Hans Willbold: City of Saulgau - A small guide. A guide through the city of Saulgau and its history . ed. from City of Saulgau, Gebr. Edel, Saulgau July 1998, p. 102f.

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