Friedrich Ratzel (architect)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Friedrich Ratzel (born July 17, 1869 in Durlach , † July 5, 1907 in Karlsruhe , complete: Friedrich Karl Julius Ratzel ) was a German architect and university professor .


Duisburg town hall on Burgplatz at the beginning of the 20th century, with a modified tower and without gable fields

Ratzel was a son of the lithographer Karl Ratzel. He studied architecture from 1890 to 1893 at the Technical University of Karlsruhe , among others with Josef Durm , and gained practical experience in a Berlin architecture office. Ratzel initially worked in the Munich City Planning Department and undertook study trips through Germany, Austria and Italy. In 1894 he returned to Karlsruhe and became an assistant at the Technical University, where he was admitted as a private lecturer in 1896 . The only 26-year-old had his professional breakthrough in 1896 with his winning competition design for the new town hall in Duisburg . Grand Duke Friedrich I of Baden awarded him the title of professor in 1899. In 1905 he was appointed full professor . After Ratzel was seriously ill during the year 1906, he committed in 1907 on 5 July suicide .

former administrative court in Karlsruhe
Water tower in Rastatt

Buildings (incomplete)

  • 1897–1902: Town hall in Duisburg, Burgplatz 19 (carried out by the Duisburg City Building Office under City Planning Officer Theodor Quedenfeldt, sculptors: F. Heinemann, F. Deutsche)
  • 1900: House of the Art and Industry Association for the Grand Duchy of Baden (today Badischer Kunstverein ) in Karlsruhe, Waldstrasse 3
  • 1900–1901: Bismarck Tower in Ettlingen
  • 1901: Water tower in Rastatt , Kapellenstrasse
  • 1901: Ceramic workshop of the Grand Ducal Baden majolica factory in Karlsruhe, Hoffstrasse
  • 1902–1905: Grand Ducal Baden Authority Center with Administrative Court (today: Administrative Court Karlsruhe), Chamber of Accounts and General State Archives Karlsruhe , Nördliche Hildapromenade 2
  • 1905–1908: Protestant Christ Church in Duisburg-Neudorf, Neudorfer Markt (changed after war damage)
  • 1905–1908: Krautkopfbrunnen on Gutenbergplatz in Karlsruhe
  • 1906–1907: Children 's brine bath of the Badischer Frauenverein in Bad Dürrheim
  • 1906–1911: Kollegienhaus for the Albert-Ludwigs-University in Freiburg , Werthmannplatz 1 ( executed considerably after Ratzel's death by Hermann Billing )

such as:

  • Sisters' retirement home "Luisenheim" in Karlsruhe


  • Peter Kalchthaler: Freiburg and its buildings. Promo Verlag, Freiburg im Breisgau 1990, ISBN 3-923288-11-5 .
  • Konrad Krimm (Ed.): Generallandesarchiv - Court of Auditors - Administrative Court. State building at the beginning of the 20th century. Karlsruhe 2004.

Web links

Commons : Friedrich Ratzel  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ag arch ruhrgebiet (ed.): Architecture in Duisburg. Mercator-Verlag, Duisburg 1994, ISBN 3-87463-214-8 .
  2. Katja Förster: Krautkopfbrunnen on Gutenbergplatz. In: Stadtlexikon Karlsruhe. Karlsruhe City Archives , accessed on August 31, 2017 .