Fritz Czermak

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Fritz Czermak (born March 24, 1894 in Prijedor , Bosnia; † April 9, 1966 in Vienna ) was an Austro-Moravian lawyer and later a German politician ( GB / BHE , later FDP ).


The son of an Austro-Hungarian post office clerk grew up in Olomouc and, after graduating from high school, initially studied philosophy at the University of Vienna . In 1914 Czermak was called up for military service. After the end of the war, he began studying law and was awarded a doctorate in law. During his studies he became a member of the Association of German Students from North Moravia ( Sudetia since 1952 ) in the Waidhofen Association . From 1925 he worked as a lawyer in Olomouc. As a sympathizer of the National Socialists, Czermak was temporarily taken hostage in Czechoslovakia in 1938. After the establishment of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia , Czermak was appointed government commissioner of Olomouc in 1939 . In 1941 he resigned from office to protest against harassment by the National Socialists. From 1942 to 1943 Czermak served in the rank of first lieutenant in the Air Force and then worked again as a lawyer until the end of the war.

After the Second World War , Czermak was arrested by the Red Army in 1945 and interned in the Auschwitz internment camp and in Moscow from May 1945 to June 1946 . From there he was transferred to Czechoslovakia in June 1946 and held in custody in the prison of Ölmütz until 1947. In February 1947 he was acquitted by a Czech people's court. After his release, he returned to his family, who had settled in Hesse as refugees . From 1948 he worked as a lawyer in Büdingen and from 1950 in Frankfurt am Main .

Czermak was a member of the state parliament in Hesse from 1950 to 1954 and was chairman of the GB / BHE parliamentary group there until November 7, 1953 . He was a member of the German Bundestag from 1953 to 1957. Originally chosen for the GB / BHE, he transferred to the FDP on July 14, 1955 with Georg Körner . He did not follow the so-called KO group around Waldemar Kraft and Theodor Oberländer , who also joined the CDU / CSU parliamentary group.

He died while visiting Vienna.


  • Albrecht Kirschner: Final report of the working group on the preliminary study “Nazi past of former Hessian state parliament members” of the commission of the Hessian state parliament for the research project “Political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse” . Ed .: Hessischer Landtag . Wiesbaden 2013, p. 39, 48, 49 ( Download [PDF; 479 kB ]).
  • Jochen Lengemann : The Hessen Parliament 1946–1986 . Biographical handbook of the advisory state committee, the state assembly advising the constitution and the Hessian state parliament (1st – 11th electoral period). Ed .: President of the Hessian State Parliament. Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1986, ISBN 3-458-14330-0 , p. 231 ( [PDF; 12.4 MB ]).
  • Jochen Lengemann: MdL Hessen. 1808-1996. Biographical index (= political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse. Vol. 14 = publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse. Vol. 48, 7). Elwert, Marburg 1996, ISBN 3-7708-1071-6 , p. 101.
  • Rudolf Vierhaus , Ludolf Herbst (eds.), Bruno Jahn (collaborators): Biographical manual of the members of the German Bundestag. 1949-2002. Vol. 1: A-M. KG Saur, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-598-23782-0 , p. 129.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Association of German Students "Sudetia" in Vienna . In: Sudetenpost - Official organ of the Federal Association of Sudeten German Landsmannschafter Austria , 2nd year, episode 9, May 12, 1956, p. 7.