Giambattista Marino

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Giovanni Battista Marino

Giambattista Marino , also Giovan (ni) Battista Marino (born October 18, 1569 in Naples , † March 25, 1625 there ) was an Italian poet of the Baroque period.


Marino lived as the protégé of Cardinal Aldobrandini in Rome , Ravenna and Turin . In 1615 he was appointed to the court of Maria de 'Medici in Paris . In 1622 he met the young Nicolas Poussin , whom he promoted, and who made sixteen pen drawings for him for the Metamorphoses of Ovid and his epic L'Adone . His epic L'Adone , which was published in Paris in 1623, describes the love story of Venus and Adonis in 45,000 elegant verses .

In the same year he returned to Rome, where he also achieved great success. Although he had important patrons in Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini, Duke Charles Emanuel I of Savoy and Maria de 'Medici, he was involved in so many disputes that he was jailed several times.

Marino is buried in the crypt of the Church of Santi Apostoli in Naples.


The artistic style cultivated by Marino, laden with images and metaphors, which found many admirers and imitators in Baroque poetry , is referred to as “marinism”. The Spanish variety of marinism is called Gongorism after the Spanish poet Luis de Góngora (1561-1627) , the English variety is called Euphuism after the novel Euphues, or the Anatomy of Wit (1578) by John Lyly (1554-1606). In Germany he had a particularly strong impact on Christian Hoffmann von Hoffmannswaldau , Daniel Casper von Lohenstein and Diederich von dem Werder through his “bombastic” works . In 1715, Barthold Heinrich Brockes still translated his Bethlehemite child murder into German verse.

At the end of the 17th century, however, Marino's style was already being criticized by members of the Roman Accademia dell'Arcadia for its artificiality.


Title page from L'Adone
  • La Lira. 1608-1614.
  • La Galeria. 1619.
    • Bilingual partial edition, translated and selected by Christiane Kruse and Rainer Stillers with the assistance of Christine Ott, with notes and an afterword; Dieterich'sche Verlagbuchhandlung, Mainz 2009 ISBN 978-3-87162-070-6 .
  • L'Adone. 1623.
  • La strage degli innocenti. 1633.


Lira , 1674
  • A. Borzelli: Storia della vita e delle opere di G. Marino. Naples 1927.
  • Barthold Heinrich Brockes : Germanized Bethlehemitischer child murder of the knight Marino . Kißner, Hamburg 1725 ( digitized version ).
  • E. Brossmann: Giambattista Marino and his main work “Adone”. 1898.
  • Gerhard Dünnhaupt : The penetration of the marinist style into the German novel prose with Werder's "Dianea" translation. In: Studi Germanici , Nuova serie XI.3 (1973), pp. 257-272.
  • Gustav René Hocke : The world as a labyrinth. Manner and mania in European art. Contributions to the iconography and formal history of European art from 1520 to 1650 and the present. Rowohlt, Hamburg 1957.
  • Gustav René Hocke: Mannerism in literature. Speech alchemy and esoteric combination art. Contributions to comparative European literary history. Rowohlt, Hamburg 1959.
  • Klaus Ley : Marinism - Antimarinism. On the discussion of the style problem in the Italian Baroque and its reception in German poetry. In: Klaus Garber (Ed.): European Baroque Reception. Files from the 6th annual meeting of the International Working Group on Baroque Literature. Wiesbaden 1991, pp. 857-878.
  • Winfried Wehle : Diaphora - Baroque: a figure of reflection from the Renaissance. Changes in Arcadia at Sannazaro, Tasso and Marino. in: Küpper / Wolfatine (Ed.) Discourses of the Baroque. Fink, Munich 2000, pp. 95-145. (Romance Studies Colloquium IX, full text ).

Web links

Wikisource: Giovan Battista Marino  - Sources and full texts (Italian)