Location of the Guadalquivir in Andalusia
|Drain over||Guadalquivir → Atlantic Ocean|
|source||Cañada de las Fuentes, Jaén Province
|muzzle||at Sanlúcar de Barrameda in the Atlantic Ocean
|Height difference||1400 m|
|Bottom slope||2.1 ‰|
|Catchment area||56,978 km²|
|Drain at the Seville gauge||
||164.3 m³ / s
|Left tributaries||Guadiana Menor , Guadalbullón , Genil|
|Big cities||Cordoba , Seville|
The Guadalquivir near Cordoba
The Guadalquivir [ gu̯aðalkiˈβiɾ ] is with a length of 657 km the fifth longest river in Spain (after the Tagus , Ebro , Duero and Guadiana ) and the longest in Andalusia . The name comes from the Arabic al-wād al-kabir or Wadi al-Kabir ,الوادي الكبير, DMG al-Wādī l-kabīr 'the great river'. The flow was up to the time of Pre-Romanesque al-Andalus time in Baetis (later notation Betis called). He was eponymous for the Roman province of Hispania Baetica .
It rises near Cañada de las Fuentes in the Sierra de Cazorla ( Jaén province ), runs past Córdoba and Seville and flows into the Gulf of Cádiz at Sanlúcar de Barrameda . The alluvial land on the lower reaches of the river is called Las Marismas . The Guadalquivir also borders the Coto de Doñana nature reserve .
The Guadalquivir is the only navigable river in Spain. Currently it is also navigable for ocean-going ships as far as Seville. In Roman times it could be driven as far as Córdoba.
The ancient city of Tartessos is said to have been located at the mouth of the Guadalquivir; their exact location has not yet been determined.
- Emil Huebner : Baetis . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume II, 2, Stuttgart 1896, Col. 2763 f.