Gunther von Bamberg

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Gunther von Bamberg (* around 1025/1030; † July 23, 1065 Ödenburg ) was Chancellor of Emperor Heinrich III. , from 1057 to 1065 Bishop of Bamberg and an important political figure of his time.


Coming from a noble family, Gunther was trained at the Bamberg Cathedral School and then remained as a canon at the Bamberg Cathedral , in 1051 he was provost of Hainburg (Lower Austria). He was a confidante of Anno von Köln , the most powerful church prince of that time, who had taught at the Bamberg Cathedral School at the beginning of his career. As a result, Gunther came into contact with Emperor Heinrich III. who appointed him Chancellor for Imperial Italy in 1054 . In 1056 Gunther became provost of the St. Simon and Judas monastery in Goslar and a year later Bishop of Bamberg. Since the diocese in Carinthia had large possessions, it was able to control the crossing of the Alps , which further increased Gunther's influence.

After the death of Henry III. At the end of 1056 Gunther's relationship with the dowager empress and regent Agnes von Poitou quickly deteriorated, above all because Anno von Köln was also in opposition to Agnes and because Gunther was enemies with Agnes' confidante Heinrich von Augsburg . In 1059 Gunther convened a synod to promote the Slavic mission .

Gunther founded the St. Gangolf Abbey in Bamberg . In his dominion he drove the development of the country , especially with the establishment of numerous markets , and tried to expand his territory through numerous feuds . He hired Meinhard von Bamberg at the cathedral school and promoted Middle High German poetry. So he had the legends about Etzel and Amalung written down.

The poet Ezzo , known for his heroic epics, accompanied him on his trip to Jerusalem . Gunther von Bamberg died on the return journey on July 23, 1065 in Stuhlweissenburg of a serious illness. Returning pilgrims brought his body, wrapped in the Byzantine silk cloth, back to Bamberg. The Gunthertuch named after him , which was taken from it after its final resting place was opened, is today, next to the papal robe and the imperial robes, another highlight in the textile collection of the Diocesan Museum in Bamberg .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Exhibits in the house. Overview. In: Archdiocese of Bamberg - Diocesan Museum. Retrieved March 26, 2017 .
  2. in the older literature Székesfehérvár (dt. Stuhlweissenburg) is mentioned.
predecessor Office successor
Adalbero von Eppenstein Bishop of Bamberg
Hermann I.