Hanns von Gumppenberg

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Hanns von Gumppenberg

Hanns Theodor Wilhelm Freiherr von Gumppenberg (born December 4, 1866 in Landshut ; died March 29, 1928 in Munich ) was a German poet , translator , cabaret artist and theater critic . He used the pseudonyms Jodok and Professor Immanuel Tiefbohrer .


Hanns von Gumppenberg was born in 1866 as the son of the Bamberg post office clerk Karl Freiherr von Gumppenberg (1833-1893), scion of the Bavarian nobility of the imperial barons of Gumppenberg . His mother was Engelberta von Gumppenberg, born Sommer (1839–1920), daughter of a geographer.

Both the father and the grandfather Wilhelm von Gumppenberg (member of the Bavarian state parliament, landowner and major) were active in literature. The father wrote mostly dialect dramas and poetry, the grandfather fiction works and funny puppet pieces.

Gumppenberg received training at the Royal Pagerie in Munich's Maximilianeum , where he made his first attempts at poetry. After the Pagenschule and the Abitur at the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich , he began studying philosophy and literary history in Munich in 1885. For reasons of a better livelihood, however, Gumppenberg decided three years later to take up legal studies. He finally dropped out of law school to work as a freelance writer and journalist. In 1894 he married Charlotte Thursday (* 1870) in Berlin, who died in 1895.

From 1901 to 1909 Hanns von Gumppenberg was a theater critic for the Munich Latest News . From 1910 to 1913, together with Alfred Auscher, he was the editor of the new artistic-literary magazine Licht und Schatten. Black and white art and poetry weekly . He then worked as an author and editor for the magazine Jugend until his death . From 1902 Gumppenberg also worked regularly as a translator of foreign poetry, for example Swedish poems by Bellman, Fröding or Karlfeldt.

After 1889 Hanns von Gumppenberg moved in the circles of the Munich modernists, to which Michael Georg Conrad and his followers belonged above all . Together with Georg Hoffmann, Julius Schaumberger and Otto Julius Bierbaum , he founded the Society for Modern Life in 1890 . In 1897 he married Helene Bondy (1868–1954), the daughter of the factory owner Ignaz Bondy and the Austrian suffragette Ottilie Bondy .

In 1901 he became a co-founder of the Munich cabaret Die Elf Scharfrichter as the author of poetry and drama parodies under the pseudonym Jodok . His parodic work finally made him known. Gumppenberg's collection of parodies Das Teutsche Dichterross , 1st edition 1901, had a total of 14 editions. With the main part of his work - mostly ideological and ideological dramas - he was unsuccessful.

The First World War and the inflation brought Gumppenberg into financial difficulties and since 1922 his health was badly damaged. On March 29, 1928, he died of a heart condition in Munich.

The Gumppenberg estate is in the Monacensia literary archive of the city of Munich.


  • Thorwald. (Tragedy) Munich, 1888
  • Apollo. (Comedy) J. Lindauer, Munich 1890
  • The Third Testament - A Revelation from God. Poesse, Munich 1891
  • German poetry from yesterday
  • Critique of Real Being - Basics for a Philosophy of Real Being. Publishing division of the German writers' association, Berlin 1892
  • Everything and Nothing - poetry in 3 sections and 12 pictures. Baumert & Ronge, Großenhain and Leipzig: 1894
  • The Queen of Minne. (Comedy) Reclam, Leipzig 1894
  • The fifth prophet. (Roman) Verlag f. German literature, Berlin 1895
  • The first court jester. (Drama) Baumert & Ronge, Großenhain and Leipzig 1899
  • The German poet's horse rode forward in all gaits. (Parodies) publisher of the Deutsch-Französische Rundschau, Munich 1901.
  • The damned. (Play) E. Bloch, Berlin 1901
  • (Jodok) The veterinarian - mystodrama in one act. in: The eleven executioners. Vol. 1, pp. 79-112. Schuster and Loeffler, Berlin 1901
  • (Jodok) The neighbor - monodrama in one sentence. in: The eleven executioners. Vol. 1, pp. 113-128. Schuster and Loeffler, Berlin 1901
  • (Jodok) Überdramen (Parodies, 3 vols.) Th. Mayhofer Nachf., Berlin 1902
  • The only. (Tragic comedy) Callwey, Munich 1903
  • Basics of scientific philosophy. Callwey, Munich 1903
  • King Konrad I. (historical drama) Callwey, Munich 1904
  • King Heinrich I. (historical drama) Callwey, Munich 1904
  • Duke Philip's bridal trip. (Opernlustspiel) Callwey, Munich 1904
  • From my lyrical diary. Callwey, Munich 1906
  • Bellman Breviary - From Fredman's Epistles and Songs, German by Hanns von Gumppenberg, Verlag von Albert Langen, Munich 1909
  • Proof of Fermat's Great Theorem for all odd exponents. Callwey, Munich 1913
  • Look and mind. (Poems) G. Müller, Munich 1913
  • Horrible fates, falsifying fama and empty laurels - documentary about my stage works. Callwey, Munich 1914
  • The Yings brush. (Comedy) Callwey, Munich 1914
  • Philosophy and occultism. Rösl, Munich 1921
  • The German poet's horse rode forward in all gaits. (Parodies) 13. u. 14th adult Callwey, Munich 1929
  • Life memories. From the estate. Eigenbrödler Verlag, Berlin 1930


Web links

Wikisource: Hanns von Gumppenberg  - Sources and full texts
Commons : Hanns von Gumppenberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Genealogical website on Wilhelm von Gumppenberg
  2. ^ Edgar Krausen: Gumppenberg, Barons v. (Art.). In: New German biography . Seventh volume. Grassauer - Hartmann. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot 1966, pp. 310-311 (311).
  3. Hanns von Gumppenberg: In the mirror. Autobiographical sketches . In: The literary echo . Half-monthly publication for lovers of literature . 6th year 1903/1904, col. 11-14.
  4. ^ Annual report from the K. Wilhelms-Gymnasium in Munich. ZDB ID 12448436 , 1884/85
  5. a b c Hanns von Gumppenberg: Memories of life. From the poet's estate . Berlin, Zurich: Eigenbrödler 1929.
  6. See also Modern Life. A collector's book of Munich modernism. With contributions by Otto Julius Bierbaum, Julius Brand, MG Conrad, Anna Croissant-Rust, Hanns von Gumppenberg, Oskar Panizza, Ludwig Scharf, Georg Schaumberger, R. v. Seydlitz Ms. Wedekind. 1st series, Munich 1891. on the "care and dissemination of the modern creative spirit in all areas: social life, literature, art and science"
  7. ^ Walter Schmitz: The Munich Modernism. The literary scene in the 'art city' at the turn of the century. Stuttgart: Reclam 1990. p. 506.