Hans Traub was born on January 25, 1901 in Schwäbisch Hall. The mother came from a family of preachers, the father was the Protestant pastor and first left-liberal then German national politician Gottfried Traub . The couple had two other sons, including the pastor Hellmut Traub (1904-1994). In the autumn of 1901, his father accepted the second pastorate at the Reinoldikirche and so Hans Traub grew up in Dortmund . There he attended elementary school and the Dortmund city high school . After graduating from high school, he began studying medicine in Marburg in the 1920s , but then switched to history and German studies. In 1920 he became a corps bow bearer of Guestphalia Marburg . Just a year later he followed his father to Munich , who had become editor -in- chief of Alfred Hugenberg's Munich-Augsburger Abendzeitung after his involvement in the Kapp-Putsch . In 1925, Hans Traub was promoted to Dr. phil is doing his doctorate. After completing his studies, he did an internship at the Gräfe und Unzer publishing house and in the printing company of the August Scherl company belonging to the Hugenberg Group .
In May 1926 he became an assistant at the German Institute for Newspaper Studies in Berlin, which was being set up, where he worked with Martin Mohr, Emil Dovifat and Hans Amandus Münster and presented many publications. In June 1930 he married Hedwig von Grolmann. Personal contacts with the Association of Pomeranian Newspaper Publishers and Book Printers led to a move to the University of Greifswald . He completed his habilitation in 1932 and was appointed private lecturer in November of the same year . Since he was of "partial Jewish descent" on his mother's side, his license to teach in Greifswald and Berlin was revoked on July 24, 1937. From 1936 he worked in the Berlin Ufa teaching show . He died of sepsis at the age of 42 .
Traub was one of the first newspaper scientists to devise a process-oriented approach. This was contrary to the propaganda teachings of the Third Reich. Traub was therefore unable to continue it after 1933.
In 1928, Traub was the first newspaper scientist to describe the process that is now known in communications science as decoding and encoding.
One of the main concerns of Hans Traub was the establishment of film studies .
On behalf of the general director of the UFA, Ludwig Klitzsch , Traub, together with Oskar Kalbus , the scientific advisor of the Ufa and the managing director of the Ufa-Filmverleih-AG , prepared a study on ways to a German institute for film studies (1932/33). The Institute should meet the need for a theoretical design of the film young, and so they could be easily agreed with the practical training, the institute should follow the ideas of Traub and Kalbus right in the center of the film industry, in the Studio Babelsberg , be set up . According to the design by Traub and Kalbus, the institute was to become a large-scale scientific research facility.
The concept of a German Institute for Film Studies was realized with the UFA teaching show, which was set up by Traub and opened on January 31, 1936 on the film grounds in Babelsberg. The teaching show included a permanent exhibition, a library and other collections. However, the institute did not correspond to the research and teaching institute for film studies designed by Traub and Kalbus. In the late 1930s, Traub named the "turnaround" of 1933 as the reason that prevented this.
- Newspaper and newspaper reading . In: Paths to Education . tape 8 . Dünnhaupt, Dessau 1928.
- Development of the important political newspaper holdings in German libraries for science and practice . In: Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen , vol. 48, 1931, pp. 518-522.
- The film as a means of political power . Munich printing and publishing house, Munich 1933.
- Newspaper, film, radio. The need to look at them as one . Weidmann, Berlin 1933.
- Basic concepts of the newspaper industry. Critical introduction to the method of newspaper science . Poeschel, Stuttgart 1933.
- German Institute for Newspaper Studies (Ed.): Location catalog of important newspaper holdings in German libraries . Hiersemann, Leipzig 1933.
- When you started filming. A historical outline of the making of the film . Eiserne Blätter publishing house, Munich 1934.
- UFA-Lehrschau (Ed.): 25 years of UFA newsreel. History of the UFA newsreels and stories from the newsreel work . Illustrated Film Week, Berlin 1939.
- with Hanns Wilhelm Lavies: Das deutsche Filmschrifttum. A bibliography of books and magazines on the film industry . Hiersemann, Leipzig 1940.
- Movie magazines . In: Walter Heide (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Zeitungswissenschaft . Hiersemann, Leipzig 1940.
- with Franz Freiherr von Steinaecker: The Ufa teaching show. The film's path from planning to showing . UFA-Buchverlag, Berlin 1941.
- The UFA. A contribution to the development history of German filmmaking . UFA-Buchverlag, Berlin 1943.
- Stefanie Averbeck: Communication as a process. Sociological Perspectives in Newspaper Studies 1927–1934. LIT, Münster 1999, ISBN 3-8258-3594-4 .
- Frank Biermann: Hans Traub (1901-1943) . In: Arnulf Kutsch (Hrsg.): Newspaper scientist in the Third Reich. Seven biographical studies . Studienverlag Hayit, Cologne 1984, ISBN 3-922145-44-2 , p. 45-80 .
- Ulrich Döge: A völkisch “non-Aryan” in the service of Nazi film studies. Hans Traub at the Ufa teaching show. In: Rolf Aurich, Ralf Forster (eds.): How the film became immortal. Pre-academic film studies in Germany. edition text + criticism. Munich 2015, ISBN 978-3-86916-407-6 , pp. 291-298.
- Kurt Koszyk: Hans Traub (1901-1943) . In: Association of former high school graduates of the Dortmund city high school (Ed.): Messages from the association of former high school graduates of the Dortmund city high school . No. 96 . Association of Former High School Graduates of the Dortmund City High School, Dortmund December 1975, p. 4-5 .
- Entries on Hellmut Traub and his father Gottfried in: Friedrich Künzel, Ruth Pabst (Ed.): I want to tell you quickly that I am alive, dearest. Helmut Gollwitzer, Eva Bildt. Letters from the war 1940–1945. Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-406-57381-1 , pp. 33, 36, 37, 44, 71, 72, 79, 107, 135, 140, 167, 230, 235, 240, 248, 276, 278, 307, 310, 311; About his work in Potsdam in: Jeanette Toussaint: I am the red cloth for Potsdam. Anni von Gottberg and the Confessing Church. Potsdam 2011, ISBN 978-3-931329-17-4 , pp. 92, 95, 97, 101.
- Kösener Corpslisten 1960, 98/299.
- Dissertation: The Augsburger Abendzeitung and the Revolution of 1848 .
- Habilitation thesis: Basic concepts of the newspaper industry. Critical introduction to the method of newspaper science .
- Hans Bursian: Traub, Hans Karl Theodor . In: Hans Bohrmann (Ed.): Biographies of important Dortmunders. People in, from and for Dortmund . tape 2 . Klartext, Essen 1998, ISBN 3-88474-677-4 , p. 124 ff .
- Stefanie Averbeck: Communication as a process. Sociological Perspectives in Newspaper Studies 1927–1934. LIT, Münster 1999, ISBN 3-8258-3594-4 , p. 1ff, p. 356ff.
- Stefanie Averbeck: Communication as a process. Sociological Perspectives in Newspaper Studies 1927–1934. 1999, p. 377.
- Stefanie Averbeck: Communication as a process. Sociological Perspectives in Newspaper Studies 1927–1934. 1999, p. 369f.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Traub, Hans Karl Theodor (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German newspaper and film scholar|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 25, 1901|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Schwäbisch Hall|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 18, 1943|
|Place of death||Berlin|