As the son of the worker and KPD functionary Max Dollwetzel , he began an apprenticeship as a locksmith in 1926. Dollwetzel finished his training in 1930 and was unemployed until 1933. He joined the KPD as early as 1932 . After the transfer of power to the National Socialists, he emigrated to the Soviet Union via Denmark in 1933 . He stayed here until 1937 and then joined the International Brigades in Spain during the Spanish Civil War . Dollwetzel served as a tank commander on the part of the Republic from 1937 to 1938. In 1939 he returned to the Soviet Union and worked here as a fitter and later as an employee in the Ministry of the Interior.
In 1948 Dollwetzel returned to Germany, joined the German People's Police and the SED . After changing positions and functions, he served from August 1954 to November 1955, initially with the rank of colonel, as deputy to the chief of the barracked people's police for training and educational institutions. On November 1, 1954, he was appointed major general. In 1956 he was a member of the College of the Ministry of National Defense and 1st Deputy Minister of National Defense. Due to official incidents - although his loyalty to the party was not questioned, he did not enjoy a good military reputation - he was soon released from this post and replaced by Major General Friedrich Dickel . From 1956 to 1958 Dollwetzel acted as head of the officers 'schools in Döbeln and Plauen and in 1958/59 as commander of the officers' college and the military academy in Dresden. In 1959 he was transferred to the reserve for health reasons, but in 1960 he was reactivated briefly as deputy head of the training administration in the Ministry of National Defense . He was released from military service on June 30, 1961.
- May 6, 1955 Patriotic Order of Merit in silver
- Torsten Diedrich , Rüdiger Wenzke : The camouflaged army. History of the barracked people's police of the GDR 1952 to 1956 (= military history of the GDR 1) Links, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-86153-242-5 , p. 896.
- Klaus Froh, Rüdiger Wenzke: The generals and admirals of the NVA. A biographical manual. 5th revised edition. Links, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-86153-438-9 , p. 86.
- Dollwetzel, Max . In: Hermann Weber , Andreas Herbst : German Communists. Biographisches Handbuch 1918 to 1945. 2nd, revised and greatly expanded edition. Dietz, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-320-02130-6 .
- Peter Erler : . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 1. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
- Rüdiger Wenzke : Ulbricht's soldiers. The National People's Army 1956 to 1971, Berlin 2013, p. 66.
- New Germany of May 7, 1955
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Wolf Heini; Wolf Heinrich (pseudonym)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German military, General of the Barracked People's Police (KVP) and National People's Army|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 30, 1912|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 23, 1966|
|Place of death||Berlin|