Helston ( Cornish Hellys) is a small English town in the county of Cornwall . The city lies between Falmouth and Penzance on the northwestern edge of the Lizard Peninsula . The Cober River flows through Helston and flows into the Loe Pool about two kilometers southwest.
The name of the city is derived from the Cornish name of the city "hen-lys". The name can be translated as "the old dish". In the time of the Anglo-Saxons the ending -ton was added and was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1089 as "manor of Henlistona". Settlements here can be traced back to the Iron Age . Helston is one of the oldest parishes in the county of Cornwall. In 1201 , Helston was given town and market rights by John of England , and Richard of Cornwall confirmed the rights . The city grew through its tin mines during the reign of Edward I. During this time, a mining court was created here, which essentially determined the quality of the tin bars. For this purpose, a corner (coign) was cut from the bar, and the bar was then given an official stamp on the cut surface. Only then were the bars allowed to go on sale. Thus these dishes were forerunners to the coins .
From the 13th century a sandbank (Loe Bar) developed at the mouth of the Cober River, which has since separated the river from the sea (Mount's Bay). The River Cober dammed up and has since formed the largest natural freshwater lake (The Loe Pool) in Cornwall. For the city this meant the loss of the city harbor. This decreased the importance of the city as a mining town. However, trade continued to play an important role, so Elizabeth I gave the city the right to mint coins. The "Coinagehall Street" still reminds of this time, in it stood the coin.
Today Helston has 9,780 inhabitants (Census 2001). The city is known for the spring folk festival with the Furry Dance , which is celebrated every year in May. It is believed that the custom of the furry dance goes back to the Celts. Similar customs are still cultivated in Biewer and Echternach today . Many residents now work at the Royal Naval Air Station Culdrose (RNAS Culdrose), the largest helicopter base in Europe. The city is also of tourist importance due to its historic city center, its location at the Loe Pool and as the gateway to The Lizard peninsula (A3083).
The bowling club and in the background the Grylls Monument