Herbert Ohly

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Herbert Ohly (born December 18, 1901 in Langenaltheim ; † January 20, 1972 in Gauting ) was a German lawyer who was temporarily professional 2nd mayor and acting mayor of the city of Erlangen during the Nazi regime and immediately after the Second World War .

Live and act

Herbert Ohly studied law and political science in Halle, Jena and Würzburg . He completed his studies in 1925 with the first state examination and a doctorate. The 2nd state examination followed in 1928. He then worked initially as a lawyer, then in the Bavarian judicial service, most recently at the Erlangen District Court. On March 27, 1930 he was elected a professional councilor in the city of Erlangen and became head of the legal department and other departments such as public welfare and child welfare. Soon after the seizure of power of the NSDAP , he joined the end of April 1933, the party in. Two years later, he was elected professional second mayor and was additionally entrusted with the management of the finance department. On October 1, 1944, he was appointed provisional mayor after his predecessor, Mayor Alfred Groß, had been given leave of absence because the personal union of mayor and district leader was abolished.

Memorial plaque on Lorlebergplatz in Erlangen

At the end of the war Ohly campaigned for the city of Erlangen to be handed over to the American troops without a fight and thus to save it from destruction. He succeeded in convincing the responsible combat commandant, Lieutenant Colonel Werner Lorleberg , that the Führer order to keep fighting at all costs was pointless. On April 16, Erlangen was handed over without a fight. After the capture of Erlangen by the American troops, Ohly was reinstated as Lord Mayor. In the period up to his dismissal on July 21, 1945, he managed to set up Siemens & Halske AG and the administration of Siemens-Schuckertwerke in Erlangen. After the end of his political career, he worked for Siemens in Erlangen and Munich. In the denazification process , despite his political functions and his membership in the NSDAP and other Nazi organizations, he was completely exonerated because of his commitment to the surrender of Erlangen without a fight.

Individual evidence

  1. Ohly's work on one page of the city of Erlangen (PDF file; 72 kB)