Hermann Paasche (born February 24, 1851 in Burg (near Magdeburg) , † April 11, 1925 in Detroit ) was a German statistician and politician . Paasche is best known for the Paasche index named after him .
Hermann Paasche was born the son of a resident family of clothiers. He passed his school leaving examination in 1870 at the Burg Gymnasium. He first studied agriculture at the University of Halle . After his military service he continued his studies, but turned more to economics , especially statistics and philosophy . He died on April 11, 1925 in Detroit on a study trip .
Paasche was a landowner on Waldfrieden at wedding in Neumark (since 1945 part of Poland). He was married to Elise Faber (1858–1943) and had a son and a daughter. Paasche's son Hans Paasche worked as a critical publicist and was shot in 1920 as a supposed communist conspirator.
In 1875 Paasche received his doctorate from the University of Halle with the dissertation devoted to his teacher Johannes Conrad , Die Geldentwertung zu Halle a. S. in the last decades of this century - Part I: The causes of monetary devaluation and their previous view of Dr. phil. Paasche turned out to be a typical representative of the liberal economics school in Halle, the thesis of his dissertation reads: "The free economy is to be described as the highest level of economic systems". In 1877 he completed his habilitation with the work on the development of prices and the rent of real estate , in which he examined house sales and rent development, but also the cost of studying in Halle in a footnote. He held his inaugural lecture on the subject of the state and its economic tasks . In 1879 he received a professorship for political science at the TH Aachen , but quickly moved to Rostock , in 1884 to the University of Marburg and in 1897 to the Technical University of Charlottenburg . The focus of his work was the analysis of the German sugar industry.
His lasting scientific achievement lay in the development of an economic statistical index, the Paasche index named after him , in 1874.
From 1881 to 1884 Paasche was a member of the Liberal Association of the Reichstag for Rostock. Between 1893 and 1918 he was again a member of the Reichstag (now for the National Liberal Party ). In the election periods from 1903 to 1909 and from 1912 to 1918 he was Vice President of the Reichstag. At the same time he was a member of the Prussian state parliament from 1894 to 1908 , and from 1899 for the constituencies of Jerichow I and II.
As Christoph Nonn writes in the Neue Deutsche Biographie , Paasche played a central role in overcoming the crisis in the German sugar industry by switching from protectionist to market-based, consumer-oriented politics. From 1906 he worked as a professional politician.
He was a member of the Reich and State Debt Commission and played a key role in shaping national liberal economic policy. From 1898 he was a member of the central board of the National Liberal Party. As a liberal, Paasche was quite combative: in 1908, during the Daily Telegraph affair , he attacked the emperor, temporarily lost support in the party and was not re-elected to the Prussian state parliament. During the First World War he spoke out in favor of an air war against England, but against unrestricted submarine warfare and in favor of a mutual agreement .
Paasche was Vice President of the German Colonial Society . At times he was also a board member of the Association for Social Colonization of Germany , which was founded in 1910 and wanted to reclaim wasteland by the unemployed.
In October 1921 Paasche was elected as a member of the state parliament of the Republic of Baden , to which he belonged until his resignation on November 3, 1924. For him, drew Henry of Brixen to the parliament.
- The currency devaluation in Halle a. S. in the last decades of this century . Plötz, Halle as 1875
- About the development of prices and the rent of real estate in Halle a. S. Plötz, Halle as 1877
- Changes in the modern economy . Erhardt, Marburg 1890
- Sugar industry and sugar trade in the world . Fischer, Jena 1891
- Culture and travel sketches from North and Central America . Rathke, Magdeburg 1894
- The world's sugar production . Teubner, Leipzig 1905
- German East Africa . Economic studies. Berlin, Schwetschke & Sohn publishing house, 1906
- Christoph Nonn: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 19, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-428-00200-8 , p. 734 f. ( ). In:
- Hermann Paasche in the database of members of the Reichstag
- Estate and biographical data in the holdings of the Federal Archives
- Entry on Hermann Paasche in the Catalogus Professorum Rostochiensium
- Speeches by Hermann Paasche in the Baden state parliament in the digital collections of the Badische Landesbibliothek
- Newspaper article about Hermann Paasche in the 20th century press kit of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics .
- Obituary for Hermann Paasche in: Vossische Zeitung , July 15, 1925, morning edition, p. 14
- Entry on Hermann Paasche in the Catalogus Professorum Halensis (accessed on July 28, 2015)
- BA / MA, RL 2 IV / 291, B. Knauss [edit.], The Organization of Heeresflugwesens from the outbreak of the World War to the appointment of the Chief of Field Aviation, Berlin 1941, p. 7f.
- Digital collection of Baden state parliament protocols. Badische Landesbibliothek, accessed on December 7, 2013 .
|German statistician and politician (NLP, DVP), MdR, inventor of the Paasche index
|DATE OF BIRTH
|February 24, 1851
|PLACE OF BIRTH
|Castle (near Magdeburg)
|DATE OF DEATH
|April 11, 1925
|Place of death