|Hlybokaje | Glubokoje|
|Глыбокае | Глубокое|
|( Belarus. ) | ( Russian )|
|Residents :||18,709 (2014)|
|Time zone :||Moscow time ( UTC + 3 )|
|Telephone code :||(+375) 2156|
|Postal code :||220050|
|License plate :||2|
Hlybokaje ( Belarusian Глыбокае ; Russian Глубокое Glubokoje ) is a city in the Belarusian town of Vitebskaya Woblasz and the administrative center of the Hlybokaje district with about 19,000 inhabitants.
The town, first mentioned in writing in 1414, received town status in 1940.
During the German occupation in World War II , around 6,000 people were murdered in the city's Jewish ghetto, which existed from August 1941 to May 1942 . From November 18, 1942 to November 27, 1942 in the forest and swamp area around the city under the leadership of the combat group von Gottberg, the Nuremberg company , a military action directed by Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler to " fight partisans " took place, during which several villages burned down and 789 "partisans", 353 "suspects", 1826 Jews and 7 "gypsies" were killed. In December 1941, the systematic murder of the Jews in the ghetto, called "Aktion", began: the Germans selected a few hundred residents and brought them to the nearby town of Borki. The Jewish brothers Rajak later wrote that the Germans had forced the young “to dance in the open pit and the old to sing Jewish songs,” after which “they forced the young and healthy, the powerless old and invalids into the pit to carry and lay down there. Only then did they have to lie down by themselves. Then the Germans began, methodically and calmly, to shoot everyone. "
- Samuel Mohilever (1824–1898), Polish rabbi and the actual founder of religious Zionism
- Nikolai Maximowitsch Minski (1855–1937), mystical writer and poet of the Silver Age of Russian literature of Jewish origin.
- Klaudsij Szjapanawitsch shower-showeruski (1891–1959), Belarusian architect, journalist and politician. White-red-white flag designer .
- Pawel Ossipowitsch Sukhoi (1895–1975), Belarusian / Soviet aircraft designer
- City information (Russian)
- Cities in Belarus on pop-stat.mashke.org; accessed on January 27, 2015
- City history on radzima.org , accessed on January 27, 2015.
- The Russian-language Wikipedia has an article on the ghetto under Глубокское гетто (Витебская область) . See also the article on the French-language Wikipedia Ghetto de Hlybokaïe
- Wolfgang Curilla: The German Ordnungspolizei and the Holocaust in the Baltic States and in Belarus 1941-1944. Ferdinand Schöningh Verlag Paderborn, 2nd edition 2006, p. 717.
- Quoted in Ulrich Herbert, Holocaust Research in Germany: History and Perspectives of a Difficult Discipline, in: Frank Bajohr u. Andrea Löw (ed.), The Holocaust. Results and new questions in research, Frankfurt 2015, pp. 31–82.