Hugo Bruckmann

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Hugo Bruckmann
Hugo Bruckmann with a pipe. Caricature by Ludwig Scheuermann (1890)

Hugo Bruckmann (born October 13, 1863 in Munich ; † September 3, 1941 there ) was a German publisher .

He was the youngest son of the publisher Friedrich Bruckmann . After his father's death in 1898, he and his brother Alphons Bruckmann owned their father's F. Bruckmann KAG in Munich. In 1898 he married Elsa , a native Princess Cantacuzène (1865–1946).

Bruckmann founded the magazine 'Dekorative Kunst' in Paris in 1897 together with Julius Meier-Graefe . Their editorial office was at 37 rue Pergolése. After a year they dared to publish an edition in French. This first appeared in October 1899 under the title 'L'Art Décoratif' and contains images of almost all of the major works that Henry van de Velde had created up to then.

The couple belonged to the National Socialist movement from the beginning , which is also supported by the lower party numbers 91 and 92 ("party member, member No. 92"). In addition, both were influential supporters of Adolf Hitler ; they helped to make him socially acceptable in the upper class of Munich.

From 1928 both were public sponsors of the National Socialist Society for German Culture . Since 1930 Hugo Bruckmann was a member of the board of directors of the Kampfbund for German culture founded by Alfred Rosenberg . From 1932 until his death, Bruckmann was a member of the Reichstag as a member of the NSDAP .

After Oskar von Miller's resignation , Bruckmann was appointed to the board of the Deutsches Museum in 1933. His appointment was intended to reduce political interference in the affairs of the Deutsches Museum, which he partially succeeded in doing through his influence on Hitler. He successfully resisted the demand to ban Jewish books from the library, and due to his limited experience in the fields of science and technology, the conservative museum management did not have to fear interference in factual issues.

In 1934, after the death of the Reich President Hindenburg , Bruckmann was one of the signatories of the call by cultural workers for a “ referendum ” on the unification of the Reich President and Reich Chancellery. In 1937 he was able to successfully Henri Nannen use, the state authority of the University for resisting relegated had been and a ban on working had received.

After the beginning of the Second World War , Bruckmann was able to achieve the classification of his publishing house as "war important" through his personal network. After his death in 1941 he was buried with a state funeral . His widow died in Munich in 1946.


  • Reichs Handbuch der Deutschen Gesellschaft - The handbook of personalities in words and pictures . First volume, Deutscher Wirtschaftsverlag, Berlin 1930, ISBN 3-598-30664-4
  • Wolfgang Martynkewicz : Salon Germany. Spirit and Power 1900-1945 . Structure, Berlin 2009. ISBN 9783351027063
    • detailed Review v. Volker Weiss: At the table with Rainer Maria Rilke and Hitler. The salon of the Munich publisher couple ... in the jungle. Supplement to jungle world No. 45, November 11, 2010, pp. 8–11
  • Miriam Käfer: Hitler's early patrons from the upper middle class - the publishers Elsa and Hugo Bruckmann in Marita Krauss: Right careers in Munich. From the Weimar period to the post-war years , Volk Verlag Munich, 2010, ISBN 978-3-937200-53-8 .

Web links

Commons : Hugo Bruckmann  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Ernst Klee : The culture lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 83.
  2. ^ Ernst Klee: The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945 . Fischer Taschenbuch, 2nd revised edition Frankfurt am Main 2005, p. 77.
  3. ^ Ernst Klee: The culture lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, p. 427.
  4. At the table with Rilke and Hitler. Retrieved December 12, 2019 .